Development agencies must use the momentum from COP22 to prioritise water infrastructure projects and help mitigate the effects of climate change and extreme weather events in Africa, write Elke Herrfahrdt-Pähle and Waltina Scheumann. Elke Herrfahrdt-Pähle is an economist and Waltina Scheumann is a political scientist. This editorial was first published by the German Development Institute (DIE). Last Friday (18 November) marked the end of COP22 in Marrakesh, which addressed the implementation of the climate agreement signed in Paris one year ago. The accord at long last recognised that climate change adaptation is equally as important as greenhouse gas emissions reduction.
Vanuatu hosted its first ever Agritourism Festival from 9-11th November at the Agriculture Complex- Tagabe, in the capital city of Port Vila. Agriculture and food production are critical to Vanuatu’s prosperity and welfare: for food security and job creation. Given that animal, vegetable and other food products equate to over 82% of the island’s economy, Vanuatu boasts rich agricultural resources. Yet, the country is still heavily reliant on imports, which in 2011 amounted to over 280 million USD (more than four times the amount of exports). Vanuatu, like many other Pacific Island nations, relies on cheap, calorific and low nutritional food imports from the USA and Australasia.
The Dutch and Mozambican authorities on Tuesday signed two agreements to improve water supply, under which Holland will provide funding of 13.5 million euros (about 14.5 million US dollars). Signing the agreements were the general director of the Mozambican government's Water Supply Assets and Investment Fund (FIPAG), Pedro Paulino, and the Dutch Deputy Director-General for Development Cooperation, Reina Buijs.
The Italian Agency for Development Cooperation (AICS) will fund two projects in eastern Sudan aimed at improving water, sanitation and hygiene services in Kassala state, and in treating and preventing malnutrition in Red Sea state. The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) reports in its latest weekly bulletin that the two projects will cost €1.3 million (about $1.45 million) in total. In Kassala State, the €800,000 ($891,000) one-year project will address the severe need for water and waste management services. It will be implemented by the International Organization for Migration (IOM).
In many regions of central and northern Tanzania, lives and livelihoods suffer from periodic weather-related stress, particularly from below-normal rainfall. The resulting crop failures and loss of livestock increases economic hardship, forcing thousands of families to skip meals, sell assets, cut back on medical care, or stop attending school. While these strategies help populations live through difficult times, they dampen quality of life and limit opportunities for development.
The Italian government, through the Italian Agency for Development Cooperation, is to provide €500,000 for a new project to be implemented by Children's Rights & Emergency Relief Organization Unicef-implemented in Sudan's Red Sea state. A joint press statement by Unicef and the Italian government says that the 12-month project is to be implemented in five localities in the Eastern State with an aim to prevent and control malnutrition in the region, specifically targeting children under 5, pregnant and lactating women. "While funded by Italy, Unicef is to provide technical guidance and support to the Ministry of Health in the State of Red Sea, its main implementing partner in the region.
The Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs has released an online magazine which highlights results of their development agenda. It captures the contribution the Netherlands has made in 2015 to ban poverty and promote sustainable and inclusive growth around the world through the combined agenda for aid, trade and investment. In 2015, the Food and Nutrition Security program directly affected millions of undernourished people. A similar number was also reached indirectly. The Netherlands wishes to structurally support (cumulatively) 32 million people with their malnutrition between 2016 and 2030 and thereby contribute to Global Goal 2: end hunger and eradicate malnutrition.
The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) has managed, in a short term, to avoid cutting rations destined for refugees in Tanzania, thanks to a £1 million (more than 2.6bn/-) contribution from Britain's Department for International Development (DFID), WFP was about to cut rations in October for nearly a quarter of a million refugees, given its lack of funds for its refugee operations in Tanzania. But now for the time being these operations can continue as normal.
From January 2016, thousands of pastoralists arrived in Djibouti from the Somali region of Ethiopia and from the Somaliland Region of Somalia, fleeing one of the most severe droughts of the last decade. Many pregnant women and children under five among the displaced showed signs of acute malnutrition and anemia. Half of the adult men and women were underweight and many were suffering chronic coughs, tuberculosis and diarrheal diseases. In April 2016, the number of displaced pastoralists totalled 9,650 in different settlement sites in Ali-Sabieh, Dickhil and Obock regions of Djibouti.
The National Coordinator of ‘Capacity4food’ Project, Alie Kamara has said that the African Continent has resolved to use Agriculture as an engine for economic growth and development.
He made this statement at the final conference of the Capacity4food project held at the Njala University Guest Conference Hall at Njala Campus, week. He recalled the statement made by a former president of America Roosevelt, saying a nation that destroys it soil destroys itself.