A new report explains that beansmay be Africa’s answer to lack of access to expensive fertilizers. A project currentlyencourages African farmers to plant beans as food and fertiliser could helpcounteract the impact of limited fertiliser take-up across the continent. Globaluse of nitrogen fertiliser is forecast to grow by 1.4 % each year to above 119million tonnes in 2018, But less than five per cent of that growth will comefrom Sub-Saharan Africa, because fertiliser is often too expensive forsubsistence farmers. As an alternative to fertiliser, Africa’s crop yields aregetting a boost from an edible and more environmentally friendly sourceinstead: beans.
In the ongoing battle against obesity, heart disease and diabetes in the Pacific region, a new study has revealed that allocating sufficient tuna for local consumption and keeping it affordable could significantly improve health outcomes.
Pacific Island communities have the highest rates of obesity and diabetes in the world, primarily because traditional foods such as root crops, fish and shellfish are being replaced by relatively cheap, energy-dense and nutritionally-poor imported foods.
Increased consumption of fish and shellfish, which are rich in protein, essential fatty acids, vitamins and minerals, is seen as an important part of the solution.
The government ofJamaica shall invest J$25 million to increase local food production; provide asource of fruits to boost agro-processing; provide employment and culturechange in schools and communities; reduce the country’s carbon footprint;increase the country’s stock of lumber trees; protect water sheds; and supportthe national climate change initiative. This has been heralded as“groundbreaking” initiative in the region. There was a symbolic tree plantingexercise at the ceremony, where a total of seven fruit trees, inclusive ofmango and jack fruit, were planted.
The European Commission’s regulation on the implementation of the EU's international obligations under the International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas and the Convention on Future Multilateral Cooperation in the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries came into effecton 24 January. This regulation will provide legal clarity on rules that apply for EU fishermen when they fish under the purview of the Regional Fisheries Management Organizations (RFMOs) and catch fish which falls under the new EU's landing obligation.
Solomon Islands Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare announced that a new fisheries legislation aiming to ensure proper management of the country’s fisheries shall be heard in the country’s Parliament. The EU recently warned the Solomon Islands Government to improve its management of the fishery sector or risk losing access to the EU market. Prime Minister Sogavare said that the Minister for Fisheries and Marine Resources has been directed to take whatever steps are necessary to correct the problems. The EU is SolTuna’s most important export market totaling $266 million per annum by value.
While the world is in a state of upheaval, with emerging countries increasingly adding to environmental and climate damage (according to the Global Carbon Project, China was responsible for 27% of CO2 emissions in 2013), the paths taken by developing countries, in particular those in Africa, will be decisive for the future of the planet. Whether it relates to energy, climate or the environment, Africa must commit itself to a long-term transformation and use the wealth that it carries within itself to convert limitations into opportunities.
François Hollande has announced his ambitions concerning the future of the famous tax on financial transactions, or the Tobin tax. Objective: to take this political hydra out of a dead-end. And the reason: on 9 December, in Brussels, the eleven countries debating this tax as part of a "closer cooperation" at European level expressed their disagreement. In Lima, precisely, the countries of the South – in particular the Africa Group, the Small Island States, Saudi Arabia, the Philippines and Brazil – called for details on the financing channels for this fund, without success.
A Ugandan-Italian consortium Simba Telecom/Building Energy SPA and the consortium of Access/TSK Electronica of United Arab Emirates and Spain will invest $38million in two Solar Power Energy projects in Eastern Uganda. The two consortium companies will generate 20MW of electricity, each generating 10MW in Soroti and Tororo districts in Eastern Uganda.
Forests are crucially important to climate change. According to the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), “they have the potential to absorb about one-tenth of global carbon emissions projected for the first half of this century into their biomass, soils and products and store them – in principle in perpetuity”. By the same token, the FAO points out that where forests have been cleared, overused or degraded, they contribute about one-sixth of global carbon emissions. Clearly, then, it is in the interest of the planet as a whole that forests be preserved. This is, in part, why in November 2009 the government of Norway signed an agreement to provide the government of Guyana up to US$250M by 2015.
In contrast with their counterparts in the global north and Asia, many farmers in sub-Saharan Africa rely on manure rather than chemical fertilisers. But the organic alternative cannot meet the demand. In Europe, organic farming makes up only 5.4% of all agricultural land, according to Eurostat. Food and Agriculture Organisation data shows that, globally, less than 1% of agricultural land is farmed using organic methods. Organic fertiliser can help freshen up Africa’s ailing, rusty-red soils, but there is not enough land available to produce manure in sufficient quantities, says Professor Ken Giller, a soil scientist at Wageningen University in the Netherlands.