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Climate change

Video guest: Josephine Mwangi

September 2018
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EDITO
Thursday, 20 September 2018

In the run up to the UN Climate Change conference (COP21) in Paris in December, African Ministers have renewed their call for a strong and universal climate change agreement with increased flows of funds, including through market and finance opportunities, sufficient to fulfill Africa's development aspirations. Africa, with its vulnerable populations and vast potential, has perhaps the most to lose from climate change and the most to gain from an effective climate change agreement. "In these last eight months before Paris, the focus must shift from restating negotiating positions to finding common ground solutions," said UNFCCC Deputy Executive Secretary Richard Kinley at a day-long ministerial segment at the Africa Carbon Forum 2015 hosted by the Kingdom of Morocco.

Thursday, 23 April 2015

The UK is Europe’s leading donor for overseas development aid (ODA). The UK is one of only five member states to have met the UN target of 0.7% for ODA. The others are Denmark (0.85%), Norway (0.99%), Luxembourg (1.07%), and Sweden (1.10). In March, Britain became the first G7 country to pledge in law to commit to spending 0.7% of gross national income on ODA. The law had cross party support. Currently, UKIP are the only prominent national party seeking a reduction in the overseas aid budget.

Friday, 17 April 2015

NGO Fern revealed that the European Union is responsible for a quarter of products connected to illegal deforestation. The EU is one of the largest importers of products resulting from illegal deforestation. In 2012 imported €6bn of soy, beef, leather and palm oil which were grown or reared on land illegally cleared of forests in the tropics - almost a quarter of the total world trade, according to Fern’s report. For example, in Papua New Guinea, which is one of the world's largest exporters of tropical timber, it was found that approximately 90% of forest clearance licenses were obtained through fraud.

Connected agriculture was addressed at the 8th Forum for Agriculture in Brussels, held in Brussels on 31 March. Agriculture is one ofthe most inefficient parts of our economic value chain today, according to Jeremy Rifkin, an American social theorist, and global warming is expected to modify the water cycles of the earth, wreaking havoc for farmers and driving up food prices. Agriculture is responsible for one third of global warming emissions; consequently it needs to be addressed as a matter of priority. Nonetheless, technology offers an opportunity to address these challenges by transforming the food production system “from farm to retail”.

Friday, 10 April 2015

Cassavas is currently one of the world's fastest-growing crops, and is holdingup better to the rising temperatures caused by climate change, as pointed outby experts. Since the 80s, the global production of cassava has increased by52% due, among other reasons, to the doubling of its production in Africa. Itadapts better to higher temperatures compared to other crops, such as beans orcorn, as it is less sensitive to climatechanges.

Scientists for the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) aredeveloping a super breadfruit (Mae) that will be more productive and climateresistant. The joint research by the SPC’s Centre for Pacific Crops and Trees(CePaCT) aims to improve food security in the Pacific Islands. According to theSPC “Pacific Island governments want varieties of breadfruit that fruit allyear round so that there is a continuous supply, which is vitally important forfood security and also for commercial farmers and businesses based onbreadfruit products”.

Thursday, 02 April 2015

The ACP Group, with the support from the EU, launched this Compendium on the risks faced across ACP countries but also valuable on-going efforts to reduce them. The study shows that every five days, an ACP country confronts a major hazard that could become the next deadly disaster, destroying years of development. Both the number of hazards and the economic damage caused by disasters has been rising regularly due to the effect of climate change and the increase in exposed assets.

France has agreed to give financial aid to help developing countries implement projects to cut greenhouse gas emissions. The EU is encouraging other member states to follow suit ahead of the Paris Climate Conference in December 2015. All 195 participants - countries in the global South, as well as major economic powers such as the European Union, the United States and Japan - must present its objectives for reducing CO2 emissions and its plans to adapt to climate change. While climate negotiations had previously been divided into two categories: developing countries and developed countries, the new concept of "Common but Differentiated Responsibilities" gives developing countries a new level of responsibility. 

Thursday, 26 March 2015

In response to the devastation caused by the tropical cyclone Pam in Vanuatu, the European Union is giving an initial sum of € 1 million (around Kina 3 million) to help the emergency relief efforts.  Two EU experts have been dispatched to assess the humanitarian needs and liaise with partner organisations. Christos Stylianides, European Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management said, "It is with great sadness that I learn about the tragic loss of life and scale of destruction caused by cyclone Pam. My thoughts go to the victims and their families. The European Union stands by the people of Vanuatu in this hour of need and offers its immediate assistance". 

Friday, 20 March 2015

Cassavas is currently one of the world's fastest-growing crops, and is holding up better to the rising temperatures caused by climate change, as pointed out by experts. Since the 80s, the global production of cassava has increased by 52% due, among other reasons, to the doubling of its production in Africa. It adapts better to higher temperatures compared to other crops, such as beans or corn, as it is less sensitive to climate changes.