Video guest: Josephine Mwangi

September 2017
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EDITO
Tuesday, 26 September 2017

The historical background of organic agriculture in Tanzania goes back to the world history of agriculture, when people were farming more traditionally. This is to say modern organic farming still has roots from the first half of the 20th century, when there was growing reliance on non-organic methods. After the industrial revolution had introduced synthetic methods, most of which were not well-developed and had serious side effects, an organic movement began in the 1940s, as a reaction to agriculture's growing reliance on synthetic fertilisers and pesticides.

Solomon Islands fish exporters will get a boost under a new project supported and led by the Standards and Trade Development Facility and the Food and Agriculture Organisation or FAO. The FAO said the new fish project will give Solomon Islands fish exporters an added access to the European market and they will stand to benefit from the global partnership on safe trade. The FAO will lead the project which runs until May 2020 with a total budget of over $US500,000.

Monday, 24 July 2017

Kerala is seeking to collaborate with supplier countries in Africa to avoid the role of middlemen in procuring raw cashew nuts for the hundreds of processing factories based here. It is hosting a two-day conclave on 'Cashew trade for common good' in association with the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) involving diplomats from the African countries. AFRICAN REPRESENTATION Among the African nations being represented are Madagascar, Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania, Gambia, Togo, and Mali.

For the 50th anniversary of the creation of the Organisation of African Unity (now the AU), African leaders adopted the Agenda 2063: The Africa We Want - a vision for a prosperous Africa based on inclusive growth and sustainable development. One of the defining features of this agenda is the structural transformation of African economies towards achieving shared growth, decent jobs and economic opportunities for all. So far, the structural transformation that shifts productive resources from agriculture and mining to manufacturing - which has helped many countries achieve greater prosperity - has bypassed most African countries. According to a recent International Monetary Fund report, the limited structural transformation in Africa has not translated into more jobs because the manufacturing sector itself requires extensive reform.

Thursday, 20 July 2017

Two agreements, namely on the establishment of the France Development Agency (AFD) in Angola and another one relating to the financing of water projects, were signed last Friday, in Luanda. The first agreement was signed by the Finance minister, Archer Mangueira, and by the French ambassador, Silvain Itté. This agreement is aimed at enabling the AFD to officially in Angola and work in financing projects linked to the areas of waters, energy and agriculture. The second agreement was signed by minister Archer Mangueira and the resident representative of the World Bank in Angola, Clara de Sousa, as well as the director of the France Development Agency (AFD), Martha Stein- Scochas.

The MEP said support for Britain leaving the European Union is surging in Africa, where regulations from Brussels are wildly unpopular. He said EU tariffs imposed on, for example, tomato sauce but not on tomatoes themselves reduce the opportunities Africa has to trade successfully with Europe. Instead, African countries are forced to export basic ingredients, losing out to more lucrative products due to the cost of exporting them. With Britain laving the EU, African states will enjoy a greater variety of what it can export to the country. In exchange, the UK will benefit from cheaper food, something Mr Hanna said will boost the economy as a whole and help poorer people in particular. Writing for the Telegraph, Mr Hannan said the Brexit tide had long since turned in Africa.

Wednesday, 19 July 2017

The migrant crisis on Europe's doorstep has returned to the headlines. In reality, it never went away; people are fleeing war, persecution, or just seeking a better life in unprecedented numbers. The pressure will grow unless we take urgent steps to address the drivers of this crisis. In Africa, 55,000 jobs will need to be created every day just to absorb new entrants into the workforce by 2035. If the economic aspirations of this young population cannot be met in their own countries, we will see more uncontrolled and unsustainable migration. Britain is at the forefront of the response. We are taking immediate steps to protect our borders and tackle people smuggling.

The further you travel from Brussels, the likelier people are to see Brexit as an opportunity. I’m in Kampala, discussing post-EU commercial prospects with business and political leaders from across East Africa. While not everyone here started as a Leaver, there is now a widespread hope that Brexit will lead to more open trade arrangements, above all in farming, which employs two thirds of Africa’s workforce. The EU’s Common Agricultural Policy treats Africa as an economic colony. Brussels applies tariffs to tomato sauce, but not to tomatoes; to chocolate, but not to cocoa beans; to roasted coffee, but not to green coffee.

With the world on the brink of an unprecedented four famines, donor countries must urgently step up efforts to tackle the structural causes of hunger and poverty. Food security and sustainable agriculture are among the European Union’s key priorities for development cooperation. The EU is committed to longterm solutions, including empowering smallholders, in particular women, and supporting environmentally sustainable approaches in agriculture. In practice, however, its development aid to the agricultural sector does not live up to its commitments. An Oxfam analysis of more than 7,500 EU-funded projects reveals a significant lack of transparency in reporting, casting doubt on the accountability of the EU’s aid.

Standard Chartered Bank and the Land and Agricultural Development Bank of South Africa (Land Bank) has signed a $300m Term loan facility, backed by a guarantee from the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), the political risk insurance and credit enhancement arm of the World Bank Group. Agriculture, Karoo The deal secures long-term USD funding for Land Bank at very competitive terms achieving reduced overall cost of borrowing and diversification of financing sources. The facility has a door-to-door tenure of 10 years and will help increase long-term liquidity for the benefit of the agricultural sector in South Africa.