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Sunday, 22 July 2018

On Thursday 8 January, the new European Union (EU) Ambassador in the Côte d’Ivoire, S.E M. Jean-François VALETTE, was officially received by the Prime Minister, the Minister for the Economy, Finance and the Budget, Daniel Kablan Duncan. According to the new EU representative, the cooperation between the EU and the Côte d’Ivoire was central to the exchanges in this first meeting with the leader of the Ivorian government.

The initiative comes from three ministerial departments in France (the Ministry of Agriculture, Agri-foodstuffs and Forestry MAAF; the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy MEDDE; and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development MAEDI). The call for projects is in response to the "mobilization of French overseas countries and territories, key players in the day-to-day of the environment..." The financing is open toFrench overseas countries and territories and those in countries benefitting from Public Development Aid. Priority will be given to subsaharan Africa and to Haiti, and to the Mediterranean basin outside the European Union.

In Senegal, the stock farming sector represents 55% to 75% of the income of farming families as against 40% in mixed stock and crop farming, says Ministry of Agriculture representative Dr Massata Niang. According to a number of studies that have already been conducted, the intensive farming systems found mainly in the countries of the North have the least impact on the environment.  Fewer studies have looked at what is happening in the South, however. According to the director of Isra: "The real impact of farming practices in the North and South on climate change must therefore be properly assessed."

While the world is in a state of upheaval, with emerging countries increasingly adding to environmental and climate damage (according to the Global Carbon Project, China was responsible for 27% of CO2 emissions in 2013), the paths taken by developing countries, in particular those in Africa, will be decisive for the future of the planet. Whether it relates to energy, climate or the environment, Africa must commit itself to a long-term transformation and use the wealth that it carries within itself to convert limitations into opportunities.

François Hollande has announced his ambitions concerning the future of the famous tax on financial transactions, or the Tobin tax.  Objective: to take this political hydra out of a dead-end. And the reason: on 9 December, in Brussels, the eleven countries debating this tax as part of a "closer cooperation" at European level expressed their disagreement.  In Lima, precisely, the countries of the South – in particular the Africa Group, the Small Island States, Saudi Arabia, the Philippines and Brazil – called for details on the financing channels for this fund, without success.