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Citrus Black Spot and American Foulbrood Disease


Thursday, 13 November 2014

Citrus Black Spot and American Foulbrood Disease

Since 2010 there has been an ongoing dispute between South Africa and the European Union (EU) regarding citrus fruit exports from the former to the latter. At the centre of the matter is the lack of scientific consensus and definitive scientific evidence that Citrus Black Spot (CBS) on the peel of South African citrus fruit exports poses a risk to the orchards of the citrus producing regions of the EU. At the same time South Africa is also involved in a dispute with Zambia involving similar sanitary and phytosanitary-related (SPS) matters. This dispute concerns organic honey exports from Zambia to South Africa which are currently being denied market access due to the fact that the honey is not irradiated as required in terms of the South African honey regulations (Regulation Number 835). This dispute is based on the refusal of market access of non-irradiated honey from Zambia based on historical evidence of American Foulbrood Disease (AFB). Although these cases are based on similar allegations, divergent approaches are currently being utilized to resolve the disputes. Also, the basis of South Africa’s case against the EU is the exact same argument Zambia is making against the current actions of South Africa.

Source: tralac.org