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Tuesday, 17 December 2013

EU approach to resilience and disaster risk reduction in developing countries

A motion for a European Parliament resolution on ‘the EU approach to resilience and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in developing countries: learning from food security crises’, was adopted by the European Parliament Committee on Development on the 5th November. The report of the Development Committee (2013/2110(INI)), presented by Gay Mitchel during the plenary sitting the 11th November 2013, details the EU approach to resilience. It notes that disaster risk reduction, sustainable development, community resilience and social protection are essential components of resilience.
This reports highlights the need for a better coordination of efforts and improved funding methods as well as learning from food security crises and previous disasters.
To advance the resilience approach significantly, this report calls for a strong integration of resilience measures into development and humanitarian programming. The report also recognises the challenges posed by climate change and emphasises that climate change adaptation needs to be taken into account in resilience and DRR initiatives.
The key focus of this report is on the most vulnerable, poorest and marginalised populations who have high exposure to risks, while on a broader scale targeting fragile and crisis-prone countries. The majority of damage from disasters and crises comes mainly from the poorest and most fragile countries. Furthermore, many crisis-prone countries have received negligible levels of financing for resilience and DRR compared with emergency response.
Addressing the root causes of recurrent crises is much more effective than responding to the consequences of crises. This report recommends that a long-term resilience approach needs to target the root causes of risk and significantly reduce underlying risk factors.
Building resilience and promoting sustainable development requires an all-of-society approach which includes local authorities, CSOs, citizens and development partners. This report stresses the importance of all actors in building resilience, particularly local authorities who can play a central role in coordinating and sustaining a multi-level, multi-stakeholder platform to promote resilience and DRR in the region.
It is important to address food security in the context of resilience and DRR. Disasters and emergencies are often followed by food crises and under- and malnutrition of affected populations. The incidence of food crises, which are caused by natural or man-made disasters, has been rising since the early 1980s. There have been between 50 and 65 food emergencies every year since 2000, up from 25 to 45 during the 1990s. Natural hazards destroy agricultural infrastructure and assets, crops, inputs and production capacity. This report stresses that the resilience approach must focus on enhancing food security and nutrition must be systematically incorporated into programming decisions.
Several studies have shown that significant savings can be made if the EU institutions and Member States coordinate their development and humanitarian activities better. Resilience efforts also need to be strongly coordinated between Member States, international organisations, public institutions, including national parliaments and the European Parliament, the private sector and NGOs and civil society. This report considers that there should be strong efforts made to tackle inefficient uses of funding for DRR and resilience activities and duplication of efforts in this regard.
Looking forward, the report emphasises that DRR and resilience need to be strongly integrated into the post-2015 framework. It considers that the post-MDG and post-HFA processes need to take account of the outcomes of the current frameworks and address the experiences faced by those most affected by disasters and crises.

Source: European Parliament