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Wednesday, 28 November 2012

OECD paper: climate change adaptation technologies in Africa

OECD released a paper on “Climate Mitigation and Adaptation in Africa: Evidence from Patent Data”, which presents comparative data on innovation in climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies in the context of Africa.
The analysis is aimed at informing policy aimed at encouraging international technology transfer and development of domestic innovation capacities. It presents detailed analysis of the role of Africa in development of these technologies (invention), and examines Africa as a technology market (as reflected in patenting). In addition, it touches upon the question of cross-border technology development (co-invention) in Africa.
Despite Africa’s generally low volume of inventive activity in these fields in comparison with other countries, inventive activity is disproportionately directed towards mitigation and adaptation technologies. In addition, the rate of international co-invention for most mitigation and adaptation technologies is much higher in Africa than in the rest of the world. And finally, rates of protection of climate technologies at African intellectual property offices are high relative to other technologies. Nonetheless, it is emphasized that a relatively small number of inventions are protected in Africa, providing evidence that IP is not a barrier to technology transfer and diffusion.

Source: OECD