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Migration: C.Lopes, AU's Post Cotonou rep., shares his thoughts


Thursday, 25 October 2018

Migration: C.Lopes, AU's Post Cotonou rep., shares his thoughts

Carlos Lopes, the Post Cotonou representative for the African Union shares his thoughts on migration: ''The current debate surrounding migration has become both emotional and irrational. In ageing countries there is a permeating belief that the movement of migrant populations around the world will have a negative effect. The financial cost of accepting and integrating migrants is one of the most frequently used arguments in order to justify limiting their numbers, including for legal immigration. Currently, 3.4% of the world’s population live in a country other than their country of origin. Between 2000 and 2017, a 49% increase in migration was recorded – and there are multiple reasons why this increase will not be slowing down any time soon. First, because half of these movements have been recorded in northern countries. This reflects the ease of mobility in the region thanks to various treaties that exist. It is true that the so-called “southern” countries make up the remaining 50%, but in terms of demographic impact, these figures remain relatively modest. It is also important to note that the migration is, above all, within regions: in Africa and Asia, 80% of migrants are born and still live in the same region, whereas two thirds of European migrants were born in another European country. These figures raise two very different questions: the first concerns the management of intra-regional migration, and the second concerns inter-regional migration. When you consider intra-regional migration in Africa, excluding North Africa, the other regions have significant intra-regional migratory flows. Citizens of southern African countries prefer to stay within the region, and this is also true for almost all the other African sub-regions. Often these migrants face difficulties in African host countries.''

Source: financialafrik.com