Friday, 13 January 2017

Food and nutrition security: policy implications for the EU

The global governance of food security and nutrition (FSN) has been evolving rapidly over the last 10 years. While the reform of the Committee on World Food Security (CFS) in 2008-2009 has been celebrated for its “exemplarity” with respect to inclusiveness and accountability, recent trends have led to a growing complexity and fragmentation of the governance regime for FSN. In such a context, this policy brief traces back the main changes that have occurred over the last years to draw their political implications for FSN-related EU policies. The paper recalls the main aspects of the reform of the CFS. It then shows that despite it has been said to be “the foremost inclusive international and intergovernmental platform dealing with FSN”, the current governance regime is still highly fragmented. FSN issues are discussed in many distinct arenas with little coordination. While fragmentation is viewed by some as a way to dissect problems into more manageable bits, we maintain that it encourages a kind of “forum shifting” that tends to privilege the best resourced actors and to multiply (political) approaches to FSN, and hence, risks impairing the input legitimacy of governance. This fragmentation is mainly linked to the existence of two types of arenas: multilateral ones and multistakeholder ones. This results in a lose control of the CFS over international policies & negotiations that impacts FSN. Against this backdrop, this policy brief concludes with two main recommendations for EU policies for FSN in global governance arenas for FSN.