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Monday, 23 May 2016

The African Union's humanitarian policy

Africa is the continent that receives the most humanitarian aid. African countries are not big donors, but many of them host large populations of displaced people. The African Union (AU) has developed a framework outlining innovative humanitarian principles and tools to prevent and mitigate crises, and since 2010 more coordinated action from AU states has been taking shape. Nineteen of 2016's 33 humanitarian emergencies to date concern Africa. In 2015, humanitarian aid from AU states and the African Development Bank (AfDB) accounted for only 0.03% of global humanitarian funding. However, Sub-Saharan African countries host more than 17 million displaced people out of 60 million 'people of concern to UNHCR' in the world. This figure includes 4 million refugees and 10 million people displaced within their own country (IDPs: internally displaced persons). Refugee laws and principles are widely respected, in particular in Central and West Africa. But UNHCR has reported violence against refugees in South Africa and cases of refugees being sent back to Nigeria from Chad and Cameroon, and Kenya has announced plans to shut down all its refugee camps, which host around 600 000 people.

Source: europarl.europa.eu