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Thursday, 21 January 2016

China helps African farmers relieve hunger

Food security is one of the dominant challenges of our time. In 2015 approximately 800 million of the global population had to endure starvation or malnutrition. The majority of the world's hungry live in Asia (two thirds), but Sub-Saharan Africa is the continent where that number has the highest prevalence - one in four Africans remains undernourished. This problem is intensified by local wars, climate change and weather extremities like "El Nino," which make food prices soar. A main contributor to the problem is inadequate production. The global food crisis of 2007-2008 made the world aware that more and better quality food should be produced. Agriculture is crucial to African development as it currently generates 40% of African GNP, 40% of its exports, and 70-80% of its employment. However, the sector has faced significant declines in the post-colonial era. Government neglect has turned Africa from a major net exporter of agricultural goods in the early 1960s to a net importer in the 2000s. There has also been widespread soil degradation and decline in natural vegetation. Some food shortages in Africa are of catastrophic proportions. The effect is detrimental to many, especially women and children.

Source: CCTV.com