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Wednesday, 31 July 2013

International aid: European countries de-prioritise sub-Saharan Africa?

Aid from the EU15 member states for sub-Saharan Africa has fallen by 19% in 2012, compared to the previous year, according to a Special Report Tracking Development Assistance released by the international advocacy organization fighting  poverty in Africa – ONE.
ONE’s analysis shows that 16 of the EU27 Member States are cutting their overall aid budgets, and drifting further away from the target to collectively spend 0.7% of GNI on ODA (Overall Development Assistance).
However, for the EU15, the drop in ODA since 2011 (7.3% decline, according to ONE’s numbers) is not as steep as the drop in aid to Africa (18.2%); the aid to sub- Saharan Africa plummets even more disproportionately (by 19.0%). The advocacy says that the decreases in aid to African countries cannot be explained by lower overall ODA levels alone. This would suggest a de-prioritisation of the region, ONE claims.
The EU institutions also administer their own ODA budget, comprised of Member States’ contributions. In 2012, aid from the EU institutions totalled €13.6 billion, 7.7% more than in 2011. In contrast with most EU15 Member States, EU institutions’ aid to Africa rose by 23.6% in 2012, to €5.5 billion. Aid to sub-Saharan Africa totalled €3.7 billion, up by 10.9% since 2011. This amounted to about 27% of total aid from the EU institutions, with aid to Africa as a whole totalling 40%.
Previous data from the OECD has shown that overall contribution to international development by EU member states of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) -  a group of 25  wealthy OECD countries - funds fell by €2.3 billion in 2012 (representing a drop of 4,3% compared to 2011).

Source: ONE