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Monday, 24 July 2017

Organic Farming Gains Popularity

The historical background of organic agriculture in Tanzania goes back to the world history of agriculture, when people were farming more traditionally. This is to say modern organic farming still has roots from the first half of the 20th century, when there was growing reliance on non-organic methods. After the industrial revolution had introduced synthetic methods, most of which were not well-developed and had serious side effects, an organic movement began in the 1940s, as a reaction to agriculture's growing reliance on synthetic fertilisers and pesticides.The first 40 years of the 20th century saw simultaneous advances in biochemistry and engineering that rapidly and profoundly changed farming. The introduction of the gasoline-powered internal combustion engine ushered in the era of the tractor and made possible hundreds of mechanised farm implements, where research in plant breeding led to the commercialisation of hybrid seed and a new manufacturing process made nitrogen fertiliser -- first synthesised in the mid-19th century. Organic agriculture is simply a method of crop and livestock production that involves much more that choosing not to use pesticides, fertilisers, genetically modified organisms, antibiotics and growth hormones. It is equally to say organic production is a holistic system designed to optimise productivity and fitness of diverse communities within the agro-ecosystem, including soil organisms, plants, livestock and people.The main reason for the organic agricultural production system movement was that farmers wanted to cultivate organically and their concerns for the environment and their healthOrganic agriculture began more or less simultaneously in Central Europe and India. British botanist Sir Albert Howard is often referred to as the father of modern organic agriculture because he was the first to apply modern scientific knowledge and methods to traditional agriculture. From 1905 to 1924, he and his wife Gabrielle, a plant physiologist, worked as agricultural advisers in Pusa, Bengal, where they documented traditional Indian farming practices and came to regard them as superior to their conventional agriculture science.

Source: Allafrica