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Monday, 14 September 2015

EU positions ahead of COP21

In this EU document, the main unr solved issues associated with the divide between rich and poor nations are discussed. They include: i) Scope of the national pledges (INDCs); ii) Differentiation between developing and developed countries; iii) Climate financing (including loss and damage) Therefore, if climate talks are to succeed and lead to an ambitious agreement in Paris,  Parties need to overcome this divide one way or another.  Thus far, German Chancellor Merkel and France's President Hollande pledged in a joint statement during the informal "Petersberg Climate Dialogue" held on 19 May 2015 in Berlin, to "take all effortsto reach an ambitious, comprehensive and binding UN climate agreement by the end of the year". They confirmed the 2 degrees goal and pleaded for fair and binding rules for both industrial and developing countries, whilst underlining the necessity to foster green investment on a global scale and to support the poorest countries. African Environment Ministers at their 15th session of the African Ministerial Conference on the Environment (AMCEN) on 4-6 March 2015 adopted the Cairo Declaration which backs a 1,5 degrees goal for Paris (which would require a 70-96% reduction in emissions by 2050 and be net-zero by between 2060 and 2080). The declaration calls for adaptation-mitigation parity in the 2015 Climate agreement that takes into account the adaptation needs and associated costs, including Support for developing countries.