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[CTA - Brussels Office Newsletter N° 297]
Subject: [CTA - Brussels Office Newsletter N° 297]
Send date: 2011-11-04 18:44:10
Issue #: 113
Content:
Bulletin CTA
1

This weblog shares information on key ACP-EU programmes and events
from Brussels relevant to agriculture and rural development in ACP countries.


Date : [DATE]
CTA Brussels Newsletter

 

Main events in the week
  1. Brussels Briefing: Food price volatility
  2. Main ACP-EU events for the week from 07/11 to 13/11/2011
  3. Our video guest: Ivan Hermans, UNFPA
  4. Ghana likely to go solo in IEPA
  5. FTAO about new EU Trade and Development Policy: Consider more actors
  6. Madagascar will continue to have duty-free access to EU market
  7. Fisheries: No agreement between Gabon and EU
  8. GMOs: EU's legislation on the right track, evaluation reports conclude
  9. EAC says talks with EU on market access on course
  10. Congo fatigue? EU funding in the heart of Africa
  11. Namibia will not sign 'bad' Economic Partnership Agreement
  12. EU's Agenda for Change leaves middle-income countries out cold
  13. G20 summit in Cannes to tackle food security and development
  14. Green Economy generates trade concerns in run-up to Rio+20
  15. EU donors launch $430 million health fund in Zimbabwe
  16. Commission welcomes Vanuatu's accession to the WTO
  17. Dutch support for higher education
  18. More transparency of EU forestry activities in Africa
  19. A new submarine cable between Africa and Europe
  20. Durban may be last chance to stabilise climate under two degrees


  1. Brussels Briefing: Food price volatility
    2011-11-04
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : Food Security, Food Policy, Archive

    The next Brussels Development Briefing will take place on the 30 November 2011 and will be organised in partnership with the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC), the European Commission (DG DEVCO) the ACP Secretariat, Concord and various other partners.

    We will discuss the main challenges in food price volatility and give a summary of the key policy issues discussed at the G20 meeting which have implications for ACP countries. We will then focus on the effects of food price volatility on the ground by bringing various experiences from different actors. We will also identify what urgent and concrete policy actions need to be in place to mitigate the negative effects of food price volatility.

    Among confirmed speakers are CEO of NEPAD, Dr. Ibrahim Assane Mayaki, Hafez Ghanem from Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Maximo Torero from the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Mamadou Cissokho from Réseau des Organisations paysannes et de Producteurs de l’Afrique de l’Ouest  (ROPPA), Chris Moore from United Nations World Food Programme (WFP).

    To learn more about the Briefing, please visit http://brusselsbriefings.net or sign up for automatic Brussels Briefings email alerts.


    Link Brussels Briefings
    Link Subscribe to Briefing email alerts
    Link G20 on price volatility


  2. Main ACP-EU events for the week from 07/11 to 13/11/2011
    2011-11-04
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Trade, Rural development, Aid effectiveness, Environment, Archive, Regional Fisheries, Food Security, Food Policy, ACP-EU Policy

    European Parliament
    -07 November: European Parliament Development Committee
    -07 November: Committee Meetings
    -10 November: Committee Meetings
    Council of Ministers
    -08 November: Economic and Financial Affairs Council
    ACP Group

    -07-09 November: ACP Civil Society Forum
    -07-09 November: Committee of Ambassadors
    ACP-EU

    -11 November: 1st Meeting on ACP-EU Dialogue on Migration and Development

    You can also read our newspaper “CTA Brussels Daily” (fed by our Twitter account), follow our new Facebook group CTABrussels and our Twitter account CTABrussels to receive up-to-date information on EU-ACP events.


    Link European Parliament
    Link Council of Ministers
    Link European Commission


  3. Our video guest: Ivan Hermans, UNFPA
    2011-11-04
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : Rural development, Archive

    Ivan Hermans is the Deputy Director of the UNFPA Brussels office. The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) publishes a State of the World Population report every year. CTA interviewed him at the occasion of the launch of the 2011 report. In the interview, Mr Hermans presents the report's findings for ACP countries and talks about the importance of family planning.


    Link Watch the video
    Link UNFPA
    Link 31 October sees world population grow to 7 billion


  4. Ghana likely to go solo in IEPA
    2011-11-04
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Trade

    The Ghana government is likely to tell ECOWAS of its plans to go solo on the signing of the Interim Economic Partnership Agreement (IEPA) when Trade Ministers in the sub-region meet in the country later this month.

    The Trade and Industries Minster, Hannah Tetteh, told the media on Tuesday that the country would have preferred to join other member-countries within ECOWAS to sign the IEPA as a body; however, negotiations on the trade agreement with the European Union has stalled - pushing government to consider its options.

    “For the past three years since I have been in this position as Minister, we haven’t really gone far with the ECOWAS EPA. The issues that we were discussing at the time I became Trade Minister are the same issues we are still discussing today within the framework of ECOWAS.

    “So, we are not getting the consensus that would allow us to conclude an agreement at the regional level. And so we will have to take a decision very soon as to what will be the best way forward.

    Source: My Joy Online


    Link Read more
    Link EU relations with Ghana
    Link Civil society organisations fight against EPAs


  5. FTAO about new EU Trade and Development Policy: Consider more actors
    2011-11-04
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Trade

    The European Commission (EC) will launch a new Trade and Development Strategy in December 2011 with the objective to give a picture of how the EU can best support developing countries that currently do not benefit from trade, or do so only marginally.

    The Fair Trade Advocacy Office (FTAO) welcomes the objectives but stresses that for trade to work for the poor, the strategy needs to take into account a wider range of actors which have been forgotten in the current Trade and Development Strategy. EU consumers, local authorities, EU companies and producers in the South all have important roles to play. […]

    In its submission to the public consultation, the FTAO, together with other Fair Trade Organisations and civil society organisations underscored that the EU needs to enable marginalised producers and workers from the South to benefit from trade. The EU should promote measures to increase the trade of products and services with high sustainable development standards and allocate a higher priority to promoting sustainable development and fairness in supply chains. […]

    The future of the EU Trade and Development Strategy was discussed with Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) during a Fair Trade Breakfast (see article Trade and Development, a perfect topic of discussion for a Fair Trade Breakfast at the European Parliament), where the FTAO presented their briefing note for MEPs on the topic. To read the full FTAO submission to the public consultation of the revision of the Trade and Development Strategy, please visit FTAO’s  website. The summary of all the submissions to the public consultation can be found on the EC website.

    Source: FTAO


    Link Read more
    Link Read FTAO's note [PDF]
    Link EU communication on fair trade


  6. Madagascar will continue to have duty-free access to EU market
    2011-11-04
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Trade

    With 17 other countries, Madagascar will continue to benefit from a duty-free access to the European market. The European Union declared the maintenance of the country in the list of beneficiaries of the EU regulation 1528/2007 on market access.

    On 23 June, Madagascar notified the EU of its acceptance to provisionally apply the interim Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA).

    Therefore, the country will be maintained in the annex I of the EU regulation on market access. Effectively, the European Commission declared that it would continue to work towards the fact that Madagascar and the other 17 countries who will continue benefitting from duty-free access to sign a full EPA.

    The Commission will profit from the dynamism that has started in the different partnership negotiations in order to establish a long-term economic agreement with its partner countries. All this should be done in respect of the EPA negotiation directives  and the priorities mentioned in the Cotonou agreement.

    Source: AllAfrica/Midi Madagasicara


    Link Read more [FR]
    Link EU relations with Madagascar
    Link EU regulation 1528/2007


  7. Fisheries: No agreement between Gabon and EU
    2011-11-04
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : Regional Fisheries

    Despite two days of negotiations about the terms of the next fisheries partnership agreement between Gabon and the European Union, both parties have not been able to come to an accord, reported the Gabonese government newspaper l’Union.

    Negotiations blocked on one particular aspect, namely the desire of the European negotiators to include a human rights aspect into the debate, said the newspaper, which Gabonese negotiators declined. They did not understand the reason of including this clause into the conclusion of an agreement in the fisheries sector of which they don’t see the link with politics, according to the newspaper.

    Another point of conflict is that Gabonese negotiators consider the EU contribution (465 million FCFA, around 715,000 dollars) too low.

    The current agreement will expire at the end of December 2011. The two parties have therefore decided to meet for another round, said the newspaper.

    Source: AllAfrica/African Info


    Link Read more [FR]
    Link EU-Gabon Fisheries Partnership
    Link Mauritius: Stop fisheries partnership


  8. GMOs: EU's legislation on the right track, evaluation reports conclude
    2011-11-04
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : Rural development, Environment, Archive, Food Policy

    Two independent reports evaluating the European Union's legislation on Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) conclude that there is broad support for the legislation's objectives and show that recent legislative Commission initiatives are heading in the right direction.

    The documents, published last week, also note that some adjustments are necessary if we are to meet the objectives of the legislation -the protection of health and the environment and the creation of an internal market- and to ensure that the legislation is properly implemented. […]

    The two reports were carried out by independent consultants on the Commission's behalf. The first, a 238-page document, evaluates the EU's legislative framework in the field of GM food and feed. The second, a 137-page document, focuses on the legislative framework in the area of GMOs cultivation. […]

    The two reports register broad support, from stakeholders and competent authorities alike, for the main objectives of the legislation, such as the protection of health and the environment and the creation of an internal market, as these objectives are consistent with the needs of society. Nevertheless, there's room for further improvement, according to the reports.

    For instance, the reports note that the authorisation system could be more efficient, GMO cultivation would benefit from more flexibility and the risk assessment process from further harmonisation. Good news is that only limited changes to address specific issues are sufficient rather than an overall change to the system.

    Source: European Commission


    Link Read more
    Link More information
    Link Commission: GMOs


  9. EAC says talks with EU on market access on course
    2011-11-03
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Trade

    East Africa Community (EAC) said on Thursday trade negotiations are still on course with the European Union (EU) despite missed deadlines. Peter Kiguta, Director General of the EAC Customs and Trade Directorate, said the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) negotiations between the EAC and the EU have not collapsed as its being alleged.

    "The question of EAC-EU EPA negotiations stalling or Partner States being bulldozed does not arise. We are on course and we expect to conclude the negotiations as programmed," Kiguta said in a statement received in Nairobi on Thursday.

    The EAC and the European Union have been at loggerheads for months over an EPA, which was meant to replace preferential trade deals that the World Trade Organization has rejected. […]

    Kiguta said the EPA experts deliberated on the Rules of Origin (RoO), agriculture, economic and development cooperation, and dispute settlement, institutional arrangements in preparation for the EAC-EC Experts inter-session meeting to be held in mid- November and the joint EAC-EC Technical and senior officials meeting to be held in the second week of December.

    Source: Coastweek


    Link Read more
    Link Opinion: Stop EU from arm-twisting Africa
    Link Kenya walking tightrope on EPAs talks


  10. Congo fatigue? EU funding in the heart of Africa
    2011-11-03
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Policy

    Congo is the ACP country that receives most funds from the European Union. While development efforts on the ground show some success, in Brussels many people are unhappy with the amount of money attributed to Congo. Many point the finger at the former development commissioner and current Member of the European Parliament Louis Michel from Belgium. Commission officials and Members of Parliament wonder: Was it Michel’s friendship to Congo’s president Joseph Kabila that helped channel funds to Congo?

    Source: EUObserver/CTA


    Link Read more
    Link EU coopération with the DRC
    Link MEP Louis Michel


  11. Namibia will not sign 'bad' Economic Partnership Agreement
    2011-11-03
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Trade

    Namibia will not sign a 'bad' Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) that limits its ability to solve domestic developmental agenda problems, the Deputy Minister of Finance, Calle Schlettwein has said.

    Schlettwein said it will not serve any purpose to sign a bad EPA, since current provisions do not build developmental elements into the fabric of the agreement, but rather endeavor to do it in an add-on manner which is not helpful.

    "The bad part of the EPA is that, as long as we export raw materials to the EU markets then they impose no tariffs, but the more we add value, the higher the tariffs. If we sign the EPA in its current form, we will be deprived of the opportunity to develop our own industries and to export finished goods to other large markets," he said.

    In September, the European Commission adopted a proposal to amend market access regulation for countries that have not yet signed the EPA agreement. Namibia and other countries were given until January 2014 to sign or lose out on accessing the EU markets duty and quota free.

    Source: AllAfrica/Namibia Economist


    Link Read more
    Link De Gucht addresses ACP assembly over EPAs
    Link ACP-EU EPAs


  12. EU's Agenda for Change leaves middle-income countries out cold
    2011-11-03
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Trade, Rural development, Aid effectiveness, Environment, Archive, Regional Fisheries, Food Security, Food Policy, ACP-EU Policy

    Last month the European Commission unveiled its ‘Agenda for Change’, a new policy framework outlining priorities for the European Union’s development aid and detailing the Commission’s renewed focus on economic growth as a means of poverty reduction, particularly in the world’s poorest countries.

    However, while many have applauded this new agenda, international NGOs fear that several developing nations, especially middle-income countries, now risk loosing the Commission’s much-needed financial support. NGOs also raised questions about the role of the private sector in the new agenda. […]

    "Basically, the Commission is telling us that greater economic growth is a means of tackling poverty," Laura Sullivan, an expert in EU development policy for the international NGO ActionAid, told IPS. "We agree growth is a necessary condition (for poverty reduction) but it's not the only one," she said.

    Source: IPSNews


    Link Read more
    Link EU's agenda for change
    Link CTA interview with Laura Sullivan, ActionAid


  13. G20 summit in Cannes to tackle food security and development
    2011-11-03
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Trade, Rural development, Aid effectiveness, Environment, Food Security, Food Policy, ACP-EU Policy, Archive

    Combating excessive commodity price volatility and enhancing G20 commitments to development – these are two of the priority areas that the heads of state of the main emerging and developed economies, the Group of 20 or G20, will discuss during the meeting in Cannes this 3 and 4 November. Next to the need to foster economic growth and to impose better rules on the international financial system, the French G20 presidency has laid a decisive focus on assuring that G20 nations do not widen the gap that separates them from developing and least developed countries.

    With regard to food price volatility, the French presidency aims to enhance the regulation of financial commodity markets, improve the transparency of the physical commodity markets through an Agriculture Market Information System database (AMIS), create a Rapid Response Forum at the FAO to improve international cooperation in preventing and managing agricultural crises, create emergency humanitarian food reserves and lift restrictions on exports for World Food Programme food aid purchases, push forward World Bank programmes such as crop or weather insurances and introduce an international research initiative on wheat and a technical and scientific exchange platform on tropical agriculture.

    Next to food security, the French proposals for enhancing G20 commitment to development consist of two aspects, namely developing infrastructure and innovative financing to fight climate change. To develop infrastructure in developing countries, the French Presidency created a High-Level Panel on Infrastructure charged with the research of how to establish an enabling investment environment for infrastructure and asked multilateral development banks to draft a joint action plan to improve the effectiveness of their lending for infrastructure. To improve financing for climate change mitigation, the French presidency proposes a financial transaction tax. This tax has also been endorsed by the European Commission and the European Parliament. The German finance minister had spoken out in favour of a financial transaction tax shortly before the G20 summit, and advocated that the Eurozone introduce it by itself if its international partners, notably the United States and the United Kingdom, do not agree on a financial transaction tax.

    NGOs have high hopes in the G20 summit. “The G20 summit could be a watershed”, says Oxfam, while ActionAid demands the allocation of resources to end food crises around the world and CIDSE says that the G20 must adopt a just and equitable pathway out of today's crises [PDF].

    Not only government leaders, but also representatives of banks and international business meet in Cannes in parallel.

    Source: CTA


    Link G20 summit outline [PDF]
    Link The EU and the G20
    Link Follow the G20 via livestream


  14. Green Economy generates trade concerns in run-up to Rio+20
    2011-11-03
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : Environment, ACP-EU Trade

    Participants in recent regional meetings paving the way for the Rio+20 Conference next June have struggled to find agreement on the concept of a ‘green economy.’ While some see a redefinition of the economy in green terms as a path towards sustainable development, others fear the concept is synonymous with green trade protectionism and conditionalities - to the point where participants at one regional meeting chose not to mention the green economy in their meeting conclusions.

    The past six weeks have seen four of the Regional Preparatory meetings for the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD), or Rio+20, which is taking place next year in Rio de Janeiro on 4-6 June 2012. The Rio+20 Conference marks the twentieth anniversary of the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development.

    Source: International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)


    Link Read more
    Link NGOs: Drive for green consumption a chimera
    Link CAP greening could cost farmers an extra €5bn


  15. EU donors launch $430 million health fund in Zimbabwe
    2011-11-02
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : Archive

    The European Union and UNICEF launched a new $430 million fund to give pregnant women and children free access to hospitals in Zimbabwe, after Zimbabwe’s national health care system collapsed under the impact of economic crisis.

    The new fund not only aims at providing safe childbirth and maternal health but also to foster capacity-building in the area of maternal care and in other areas. Several European countries like the UK, Ireland, Sweden and Norway participate in the fund.

    Source: France24/CTA


    Link Read more
    Link Zimbabwe threatens to sue EU over sanctions
    Link EU Delegation to Zimbabwe


  16. Commission welcomes Vanuatu's accession to the WTO
    2011-11-02
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Trade

    The General Council of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) cleared the way for the WTO accession of Vanuatu, one of the 14 island states in the Pacific. The European Commission welcomes this development which will bring the number of WTO member countries up to 154. Vanuatu's WTO accession is expected to make a positive and lasting contribution to the process of economic reform and sustainable development in the country, which ranges amongst the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) according to United Nations criteria. The EU supports the full integration of Vanuatu's economy into the multilateral trading system and welcomes that the terms of accession are fully in line with the developmental requirements of this small and vulnerable economy.

    Following the decision by the General Council, which is made up of all WTO Member States, Vanuatu now has 6 months to ratify its accession package. It will become a full Member of the WTO 30 days after the ratification date.

    After its accession Vanuatu will benefit not only from market openings, but also from the solid set of rules provided for by the WTO framework which create conditions for increased trade and investment.

    Source: European Commission


    Link Read more
    Link EU relations with the Pacific
    Link EU cooperation with Vanuatu


  17. Dutch support for higher education
    2011-11-02
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : Rural development, ACP-EU Policy

    The Netherlands through the Netherlands Initiative for Capacity Creation in Higher Education, is donating 13 million Euros (472.5 million meticais) over the period 2009 – 2015 to support higher education, as well as capacity building in Food and Nutrition, Health (SRHR) and water and sanitation management in Mozambique.

    In an agreement signed in October in Maputo by the Mozambican Deputy Minister of Education, Arlindo Chilundo, and the head of development and cooperation at the Dutch Embassy, Jan Huesken, this commitment was reconfirmed and its focus slightly adapted according to policy developments in the Netherlands and Mozambique.

    According to Huesken, Mozambique is going through a very important period, particularly with the development of the natural resources sector. He said that the Netherlands wants to contribute to training Mozambicans who can manage programmes and take leadership in the development of the country.

    Deputy Minister Chilundo said that staff will benefit from technical and professional training at the level of masters or doctorates in the area of agriculture and water.

    Source: The Zimbabwean


    Link Read more
    Link Dutrch foreign affairs ministry
    Link EU Delegation to Mozambique


  18. More transparency of EU forestry activities in Africa
    2011-11-02
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Trade, Environment

    The European Commission has proposed a legislation to improve the transparency of European forestry and extractive industries in Africa. The legislation requires the disclosure of payments to governments on a country and project by listed and large non-listed companies with activities in these sectors.

    Commenting, Internal Market Commissioner Michel Barnier and Development Commissioner Andris Piebalgs said: “These new measures will improve sustainable business among multinationals active in the oil, gas, mining or logging sectors. It will play a groundbreaking role in the better management of natural resources and in the increase of domestic fiscal resources available to provide basic social services to the citizens. This new legislation will be a strong contribution to the Agenda for Change of European Development policy which aims at equipping developing countries with the tools to foster sustainable and inclusive growth. The Commission establishes itself as an avant-garde in promoting transparency and goes well beyond the US Dodd-Frank act, putting the interests of developing countries at the forefront of this European domestic legislation. This will help to achieve a new step in the quality of our relations with Africa, based on mutual accountability and transparency. We will now continue to take the lead on the international agenda and promote country-by-country reporting in global forum to ensure a coherent level playing field."

    Source: European Commission


    Link Read more
    Link Commissioner Piebalgs’ blog: Transparency for all!
    Link EU: Transparency


  19. A new submarine cable between Africa and Europe
    2011-11-02
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : Archive

    France Telecom-Orange announced in October 2011 the landing in Penmarc’h, Brittany, of ACE, the new submarine cable serving 23 countries by linking France to South Africa.

    The Africa Coast to Europe (ACE) submarine cable, initiated by France Télécom-Orange and administered by a consortium of 17 operators, will link Europe to the West Coast of Africa through an unprecedented connectivity. Efficient and competitive, this 700 million dollar system uses the most advanced high-speed broadband fiber optic technology and will be a vector of social development and economic growth in Africa, reducing the digital divide.

    Targeted to be operational in 2012, the ACE cable will provide access to the global broadband network for the first time for Gambia, Guinea, Equatorial Guinea, Liberia, Mauritania, Sao Tome and Principe, and Sierra Leone, making possible the launch of new services.

    Source: EuroAfrica-ICT


    Link Read more
    Link Knowledge without borders – GEANT 2020
    Link CTA interview with Dr. Spio-Garbrah


  20. Durban may be last chance to stabilise climate under two degrees
    2011-11-02
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : Environment

    The window to limit global warming to less than two degrees C is closing so fast it can be measured in months, a new scientific analysis revealed last week.

    Without putting the brakes on carbon emissions very soon, large parts of Africa, most of Russia and northern China will be two degrees C warmer in less than 10 years. Canada and Alaska will soon follow, the regional study shows.

    "If one is sincerely committed to limit global temperature increase to below two degrees C... (governments) committing to a global peak emission level and peak year makes sense from a science perspective," said Joeri Rogelj of the Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science in Zurich, who headed the analysis published last week in the journal Nature Climate Change.

    Source: IPSNews


    Link Read more
    Link Consult the journal
    Link EU urged to act to tackle climate-related health problems



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Isolina BOTO
CTA
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Editor: André Feldhof (feldhof@cta.int)

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Copyright © 2011 Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation ACP-EU. Email:cta@cta.int
The opinions expressed in the comments and analysis are those of the authors, and do not necessarily reflect the views of CTA.

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