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[CTA - Brussels Office Newsletter N° 284]
Subject: [CTA - Brussels Office Newsletter N° 284]
Send date: 2011-08-05 18:19:24
Issue #: 100
Content:
Bulletin CTA
1

This weblog shares information on key ACP-EU programmes and events
from Brussels relevant to agriculture and rural development in ACP countries.


Date : [DATE]
CTA Brussels Newsletter

 

Main events in the week
  1. Brussels Briefing: Major drivers for rural transformation in Africa
  2. Our video guest: Per Pinstrup-Andersen, IFPRI
  3. Guyana, Belize reduced hunger by 50 percent in 2010
  4. France triples aid for Horn of Africa
  5. The EU and China’s engagement in Africa: the dilemma of socialisation
  6. Experts should study Caribbean migration
  7. EU Pacific ambassador calls for new approach to aid to improve effectiveness
  8. Pacific and European researchers meet in Brisbane
  9. Livestock industry in race to regain EU market
  10. Uganda: Trade opportunities from the EU-ACP EPAs
  11. AU and UK minister for Africa discuss trade opportunities
  12. ACP ministers urge EU to release sugar funds
  13. UNICEF: A greater humanitarian response is needed in the Horn of Africa
  14. MEPs get better understanding of Eastern Caribbean states
  15. New business network for ACP countries launched
  16. South Sudan adheres to the African Union
  17. Mali’s foreign minister in Brussels
  18. Northern and Southern farmers: Breaks and objective alliances
  19. Transfer pricing and developing countries
  20. 1300 farmers in Mozambique will benefit from a training financed by the EU
  21. France donates EUR 3 million to WTO development programmes


  1. Brussels Briefing: Major drivers for rural transformation in Africa
    2011-08-05
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : Rural development, Environment, Archive, New Technologies

    The next Brussels Development Briefing will be held on the 14 September 2011 and will be organised in partnership with the NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency. We will discuss the main challenges involved in rural transformation processes by sharing different perspectives on rural transformation processes across continents. We will then focus on rural employment and rural labour markets needed to create growth and economic development. Among confirmed speakers are CEO of NEPAD, Dr. Ibrahim Assane Mayaki, Prof. Peter Hazell from the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) in London, Paul Dorosh from the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Dr Dyborn Chibonga, CEO of NASFAM (Malawi), Paul Barera from the Rwanda Telecentre Network (RTN). We will also have experiences from Asia and Latin America presented.


    Link Read more
    Link Past Briefings
    Link CTA Policy Briefs


  2. Our video guest: Per Pinstrup-Andersen, IFPRI
    2011-08-05
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : Food Security, Archive

    Per Pinstrup-Andersen is the H. E. Babcock Professor of Food, Nutrition and Public Policy, the J. Thomas Clark Professor of Entrepreneurship, and Professor of Applied Economics at Cornell University and Professor of Agricultural Economics at Copenhagen University. He served 10 years as the International Food Policy Research Institute’s Director General and seven years as department head. In our interview during the CTA Brussels Briefing on ACP Nutrition security, he spoke about sustainable agriculture and food production in 2050.


    Link Watch the video
    Link Briefing Nutrition security in ACP countries
    Link IFPRI


  3. Guyana, Belize reduced hunger by 50 percent in 2010
    2011-08-05
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Trade, Rural development, Food Security, Archive

    Guyana is one of two countries (Belize being the other) in the Caribbean to reduce hunger by 50 percent last year, says Lystra Fletcher-Paul, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) representative. Fletcher-Paul indicated that Guyana knows what it wants in terms of agriculture in the Caribbean. Though the country has a high food production rate there is an issue of accessibility and this is the case in most hinterland communities where transportation is a challenge. Other Caribbean countries have become dependent on imported food and the emphasis is not on agriculture like Guyana. Explaining further, Fletcher-Paul stated that Guyana has land space available for agricultural purposes, while other countries like Trinidad and Tobago focus on other industries like petroleum.

    The Caribbean Region is confronting an ever increasing food import bill which now stands at US$4B. […] They need to have the will to increase their agricultural output. Fletcher-Paul noted that agriculture needs to be featured in the schools’ timetables as it is necessary to get children involved in agriculture. Utilizing agriculture as a school based learning tool would increase the importance placed in this field. […]

    Fletcher-Paul emphasized that in Guyana, under the All ACP Agricultural Commodities Project, the Guyana Agricultural Producers' Association (GAPA) assisted the Kuru Kuru Crop and Livestock Farmer’s Association to develop a business model and strategic action plan to improve the linkages between their farmers and buyers of eddoes.

    Source: guyanesenews.com


    Link Read more
    Link ACP Agricultural Commodities Programme
    Link Briefing Nutrition security in ACP countries


  4. France triples aid for Horn of Africa
    2011-08-05
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : Aid effectiveness, Food Security, Archive

    French president Nicolas Sarkozy has decided on 1 August to triple France’s aid in the Horn of Africa.

    The crisis centre of the French foreign ministry on 2 August assembled 19 NGOs specialised in humanitarian emergencies, the French Red Cross and several representatives of humanitarian UN agencies, four local community associations and two business foundations to jointly elaborate the projects necessary in the Horn of Africa.

    France has already allocated the first 10 million EUR between international organisations (WFP, FAO, HCR, Unicef, ICRC) and NGOs in the countries (Caritas, Care France, Unicef France, Solidarités International, Save the Children). The remaining 20 million EUR announced by French president Nicolas Sarkozy are intended to meet the needs of the United Nations agencies, among others in logistics. The crisis centre of the French foreign ministry held a second solidarity and mobilisation meeting with enterprises on Thursday 4 August.

    Source: French Foreign Affairs Ministry


    Link Read more [FR]
    Link FAO: As famine spreads action urgently needed
    Link Africa Horn migrants face arrest and deportation


  5. The EU and China’s engagement in Africa: the dilemma of socialisation
    2011-08-04
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Trade, Rural development

    China’s engagement in Africa has obliged the EU to re-evaluate its own relationship with Africa. Since 2008, in an attempt to resolve the conflicts of norms and interests, the EU has proposed establishing a trilateral dialogue and cooperation mechanism between the EU, China and Africa, which so far has not yielded any substantial results.

    The differences between China’s and the EU’s Africa policies are mainly visible in two areas: aid and security. The contradiction between their respective aid policies lies in China’s ‘no-strings-attached aid’ versus European ‘conditionality’ or emphasis on ‘fundamental principles’. The contradiction between their security approaches in Africa lies in China’s non-interference policy and the European concept of human security. Promoting common normative values and principles is at the core of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), which is important for the EU’s self-construction at present. China’s non-interference policy is related to its domestic security and stability and in this context it engages in its own rhetoric. In matters of principle it is difficult for both sides to make compromises or accept limitations imposed by the other.

    Source: ISS


    Link Read more
    Link Read the report
    Link Cooperation between EU, ACP, China


  6. Experts should study Caribbean migration
    2011-08-04
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : Archive

    The 15-nation Caribbean Community and Common Market (Caricom) should establish an expert group to study and report on migration and how to manage it. Migration is now one of the major issues confronting the world. It is an issue that will become more controversial as new economic strains are felt globally. In regional groupings such as the 27-nation European Union and the 15-nation Caribbean Community and Common Market (Caricom), the problems of migration are even more complicated because the treaties governing these groupings expressly allow freedom of movement of people. While in the case of the European Union (EU) people are free to cross borders to live and work under reciprocal arrangements, in Caricom, freedom of movement is restricted to certain categories of workers and only with the specific approval of receiving governments.

    Source: guardian.co.tt


    Link Read more
    Link EU Delegation to Trinidad & Tobago
    Link Caricom


  7. EU Pacific ambassador calls for new approach to aid to improve effectiveness
    2011-08-04
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : Aid effectiveness, Environment

    Sustainability is the main issue in the EU aid programmes in the Pacific, said the outgoing EU ambassador to the Pacific, Wiepke Van Der Goot. The EU is currently negotiating the contribution to a trust fund, which would be a way to improve long-term sustainability of its aid. Van Der Goot, who is to leave office next month, also said that programmes financed by the EU over the last four years have not seen sufficient levels of sustainability.

    Source: CTA/Radio New Zealand International


    Link Read more
    Link EU Development Cooperation
    Link EU Delegation to Fiji


  8. Pacific and European researchers meet in Brisbane
    2011-08-04
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : Environment, New Technologies, Archive

    The first bi-regional platform of the PACE-Net project was held last week in Brisbane with more than 60 participants from Pacific ACP countries and overseas territories (OCT), New Zealand, Australia and Europe.[…]

    This event, jointly organized by IRD and the ANU at the new Ecosciences Precinct, brought together experts and representatives of key Pacific and European stakeholder institutions, as well as representatives from the 10 partner institutions of the PACE-Net consortium. The highlights of the week included the expert thematic workshops on the 3rd of July, focusing on the topics of climate change, water, energy, health and ecosystems.

    The experts’ conclusions and recommendations will be communicated to the European Commission Directorate for Research and Innovation, so that they can be taken into account for the next phase of scientific programming. The four-day event was also attended by two members of the project’s External Advisory Board who delivered their opinions and recommendations on the preliminary project results and forthcoming project actions. The next bi-regional platform is planned for March 2012 in Brussels, to be organized by the German partner (IB-DLR) of the PACE-Net consortium.

    Source: pacenet.eu


    Link Read more
    Link Development Research Institute
    Link EU Delegation to Fiji


  9. Livestock industry in race to regain EU market
    2011-08-04
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Trade

    To catch up with meat exports from Botswana to the EU, the government of Kenya plans to give hay storage and balers to its livestock farmers. While Botswana boasts some of the most healthy stocks in the world and reaps many benefits from the preferential trade agreement with the European Union, Kenya saw its exports crumble in the 1980s, when mismanagement of the sector met with a deep cut in agricultural subsidies as a result of the Bretton Woods agreement. Now, the government wants to raise the share of livestock production beyond its current levels of 12% and profit fully from the preferential trade agreement with the European Union.

    Source: CTA/businessdailyafrica.com


    Link Read more
    Link EU-Kenya Trade Statistics [PDF]
    Link Commission: DG Agriculture


  10. Uganda: Trade opportunities from the EU-ACP EPAs
    2011-08-03
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Trade, Rural development, Environment, Food Security

    After the signing of the EU-ACP Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) in January 2009 between the East African Community (EAC) and the EU, Uganda should reform its structure to benefit from increased trade with the EU, say Madina Guloba and Francis Ogwal in a policy brief by the Economic Policy Research Centre (EPRC). While they estimate that trade will increase, the researchers warn that more industrial production may challenge biodiversity conservation. The paper focuses on fresh fruits and vegetables production and makes a proposal how an increase of trade and a conservation of biodiversity can be achieved.

    Source: CTA/EPRC


    Link Read more [PDF]
    Link EPRC
    Link Commission: EU-Uganda Trade


  11. AU and UK minister for Africa discuss trade opportunities
    2011-08-03
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Trade, Rural development, Aid effectiveness, Archive, Food Security

    The United Kingdom's Minister for Africa, Henry Bellingham, met with African Union (AU) Deputy Chair Erastus Mwencha to discuss: trade; the drought crisis in the Horn of Africa; regional integration in Africa being enhanced through the Regional Economic Communities (RECs); the outcomes of the 17th AU Summit; and preparations for the 18th AU Summit.

    During the discussions, on 21 July 2011, the parties lauded the role of the UK Government in promoting intra-African trade, and noted the undertakings for improving the quantity and quality of production in order to meet global standards. The Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP) under the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) was highlighted for its work in promoting and increasing agricultural investment at national and regional levels. The importance of the RECs to ensure that AU policies are implemented effectively also was highlighted.

    Discussions on the humanitarian emergency created by the drought crisis in the Horn of Africa highlighted the AU's leadership role in ensuring that adequate humanitarian assistance reaches the victims. Mwencha noted that the AU and partner organizations will be visiting sites to find solutions to this crisis. Additionally, the UK Government asked to be admitted as observers to the 18th AU Summit.

    Source: African Union


    Link Read more
    Link African Union
    Link British Foreign Ministry


  12. ACP ministers urge EU to release sugar funds
    2011-08-03
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Trade

    At the 12th ACP Ministerial Conference on Sugar in Maputo, sugar exporting ACP countries urged the EU to immediately release sugar funds to assist farmers and industry stakeholders in adjustment and adaptation processes. The Prime minister of Fiji, Vorege Bainimarama, stressed that Fiji, like all other sugar exporting ACP countries, received much reduced earnings from its sugar exports to the EU, which were barely sufficient for meeting the on-going industry operating costs, let alone diverting resources to restructuring and rehabilitation programmes.

    Under the ACP/EU sugar protocol, signed between the EU and sugar exporting ACP countries in 1975, sugar suppliers were guaranteed access to the EU market for fixed quantities of sugar at preferential prices. The protocol expired in 2009, meaning that sugar export to the EU is now governed by Economic Partnership Agreements that are negotiated or have already been concluded between the EU and ACP regions. As part of the EU’s development cooperation instrument (DCI), sugar exporting ACP countries receive a restructuration aid with an overall volume of €1.24 billion over the period from 2007-2013.

    Source: CTA/Fiji Government


    Link Read more
    Link Further information
    Link Development Cooperation Instrument


  13. UNICEF: A greater humanitarian response is needed in the Horn of Africa
    2011-08-03
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : Rural development, Aid effectiveness, Food Security

    As the crisis in the Horn of Africa deepens, the United Nations has warned that all of southern Somalia could slip into famine in the next two months. Hundreds of thousands of lives have been lost already, and many more are at stake, yet the international community remains slow in its humanitarian response.

    In all, more than 11 million people desperately need help in the nations of eastern Africa stricken by drought, conflict and rising food prices. If the world doesn’t act quickly enough, some 566,000 children fighting severe malnutrition could lose their struggle to survive.

    Among the most urgent needs in the crisis response are therapeutic food for malnourished children, safe water for tankering in drought-stricken areas, bed nets to prevent malaria, and family kits for people on the move – like the thousands of refugees who are crossing into Kenya from Somalia. Safe havens and learning spaces for children are priorities, as well. […]

    Despite repeated warnings from many UN agencies that the situation in the Horn of Africa was critical, the response from donors – both public and private – has been limited. To date, UNICEF faces a funding gap of more than $200 million for its emergency operations in the region, including over $120 million for Somalia alone.

    Source: UNICEF


    Link Read more
    Link Oxfam: aid effort fails to keep pace
    Link The ACP Group's press release about the famine


  14. MEPs get better understanding of Eastern Caribbean states
    2011-08-03
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Trade, Aid effectiveness, Environment

    Efforts have begun in Brussels by the Mission of Eastern Caribbean States to ensure that the European Union’s broader development agenda reflects the specific structural vulnerabilities of Caribbean Small Island Development States (SIDS).

    “These vulnerabilities include susceptibility to regularly occurring natural disasters resulting from environmental degradation and climate change, limited economies of scale, geographical remoteness as well limitations on natural, human and technical resource bases and attendant high indebtedness,” said Ambassador of the Eastern Caribbean States, Her Excellency Shirley Skerritt-Andrew of St. Kitts and Nevis.

    Permanent Delegate of St. Kitts and Nevis to UNESCO, Dr. David P. Doyle hosted key Members of the European Parliament and representatives of International Organisations at the luncheon discussion which has been deemed to be successful. It was held at the European Parliament under the theme “The Small Island Developing States of the Caribbean: Addressing Vulnerability and Volatility through EU Expertise and Funding.”

    Discussants agreed that in light of the expanding role of the European Parliament in the post Lisbon Treaty EU decision-making process, it is becoming increasingly important that MEPs understand the Caribbean States and advocate on their behalf within the EU, particularly the very vulnerable Member States of the OECS sub-region. […] Some MEPs mooted the idea of conducting follow up fact finding missions to further their understanding of the region.

    Source: St. Kitts & Nevis Government


    Link Read more
    Link Eastern Caribbean in Brussels
    Link ACP-EU Cooperation


  15. New business network for ACP countries launched
    2011-08-03
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Trade, Aid effectiveness, New Technologies

    Com4Dev is an e-network, intended to service business in African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) states. It is financed by the European Union and will allow ACP businesses to build a community of like-minded companies, professional associations, donors and public organisations free of charge. Last week, Com4Dev was officially launched in Accra.

    As soon as the e-network is completely implemented, it will allow businesses to obtain more visibility in 79 ACP countries and the 27 member states of the European Union, provide them with opportunities for networking, sharing business opportunities, participation in events and increased e-learning. In the first place, however, Com4Dev will be opened for twelve pilot countries, among others Ghana, Barbados, Dominican Republic, Fiji, Senegal, Cameroon, Congo, Madagascar, Kenya, Zambia, Botswana and Mozambique.

    The “Proinvest programme”, under which Com4Dev was created, helps to promote investment and technology transfer in ACP countries.

    Source: Ghana News Agency/CTA


    Link Read more
    Link Com4Dev e-Network
    Link ProInvest


  16. South Sudan adheres to the African Union
    2011-08-02
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Trade

    France welcomes South Sudan’s admission to the African Union (AU), making it the 54th African member state of the AU. The African Union plays an essential role in the promotion of peace and security in Africa, in particular in Darfur and Somalia where it has deployed peacekeeping missions with the support of the United Nations. The AU has also done remarkable work in preparing South Sudan’s independence and in negotiating with Sudan’s government, mainly due to the high level panel of the African Union on Sudan led by South African president Mbeki.

    France encourages Sudan’s and South Sudan’s authorities to pursue negotiations under the auspices of the panel of the African Union in order to quickly reach an agreement about the modalities of their future bilateral cooperation.

    Source: French Foreign Ministry


    Link Read more [FR]
    Link African Union
    Link EU appoints Special Representative for Sudan and South Sudan


  17. Mali’s foreign minister in Brussels
    2011-08-02
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Trade, Rural development

    During his stay in the European capital, Mali’s foreign minister Soumeylou Boubèye Maïga had useful and fruitful conversations with the high representatives of the EU responsible for development, security and anti-terrorism. The first high-level conversation came on Tuesday, when the foreign minister was received by the executive director of the European External Action Service (EEAS) which is considered the diplomatic arm of the EU. Mr Nick Wescott welcomed “Mali’s clear vision, its determined action and its leadership in the security challenges with which the Sahel is confronted”. He also highlighted his readiness and that of the EEAS to support Mali’s efforts with a view to fight back terrorism and insecurity effectively.

    During a working session with officials of the EEAS conducted by Mr Manuel Lopez Blanco, the coordinator of the Sahel strategy in the EU exposed the main aspects of the strategy which was launched in May in Bamako.

    Source: maliweb.net


    Link Read more [FR]
    Link Mali's Foreign Affairs Ministry
    Link EU foreign ministers agree to Sahel strategy


  18. Northern and Southern farmers: Breaks and objective alliances
    2011-08-02
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : Rural development

    French trade union members argue that farmers’ organisations in the global North and the global South have common interests and that family agriculture should be privileged. The NGO Sosfaim conducted a joint interview with Gérard Renouard, president of the federation “French farmers and international development” (Afdi) and Josie Riffaud, a farmer  from the French region Gironde who has been active in the federation for eleven years.

    Source: SOS Faim


    Link Read more [FR][PDF]
    Link SOS Faim
    Link Afdi


  19. Transfer pricing and developing countries
    2011-08-02
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Trade

    The issue of transfer pricing is a central challenge to developing countries' capacity to effectively tax multinational corporations. The European Commission has commissioned a study that recommends suitable approaches for supporting developing countries in the adoption and implementation of transfer pricing rules in line with international standards in order to increase tax revenue. The study outlines the current transfer pricing situation in Ghana, Honduras, Kenya and Vietnam, and based on this makes recommendations for donor support to developing countries. As a follow up to the study the Commission envisages providing financial support in capacity building in transfer pricing to selected developing countries. The views expressed by the consultants do not necessarily reflect those of the European Commission.

    Source: European Commission


    Link Read more
    Link Read the report
    Link Transfer pricing in the EU


  20. 1300 farmers in Mozambique will benefit from a training financed by the EU
    2011-08-01
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Trade

    Almost 1300 farmers from Xinaveane, the first sugar producer in Mozambique and based in Maputo, are to benefit from a training about the use of fertilizers and of new equipments in cultivation and marketing, supported by the  European Union.

    It has been made possible by Rosario Cumbe, the general director of the sugar company Xinavane and the president of the National Association of Sugar Producers. Cumbe explained that the training will be part of a fund totaling 6 million EUR, given to Mozambique by the European Union and intended for the maintenance of the sugar sector. Cumbe added that Mozambique, among other ACP countries, is waiting for the payment of the second budget half which is supposed to be disbursed by October to continue the reform of the sugar sector.

    The main share of Mozambique’s sugar production is exported to Europe in the framework of an agreement between the EU and the ACP group.

    Source: Afrique Infos


    Link Read more [FR]
    Link EU cooperation with Mozambique
    Link Sugar associations denounce Xinavane sugar mill


  21. France donates EUR 3 million to WTO development programmes
    2011-08-01
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Trade, Aid effectiveness

    France has donated a total of EUR 3 million (about CHF 3.5 million) to the Doha Development Agenda Global Trust Fund (DDAGTF) and France’s Mission Intern Programme for 2012-2014. One million will be donated each year for and both programmes will receive EUR 500,000 per year. This donation is intended to build the capacity of developing and least developed countries to negotiate effectively within the WTO and help implement WTO agreements. These are areas that are key to protecting the trade interests and development needs of the world’s poorest countries.

    France's contribution will be used to finance WTO technical assistance activities targeted especially at the needs of developing and least-developed countries as well as economies in transition.  The aim is to better adapt their practices and laws to WTO rules and disciplines, improve the implementation of their obligations and enhance the exercise of their membership rights. “I welcome France's donation to the WTO trust fund. This contribution will allow developing countries to expand their markets, integrate in the global economy and take better advantage of the multilateral trading system” declared the WTO Director General Pascal Lamy.

    Permanent Representative of France to the WTO François Riegert stated “Trade has become a necessary tool for development and economic growth. This contribution is a concrete expression of France's commitment to support poorer countries in gaining market access, to improve their trade capacities.”

    Source: WTO


    Link Read more
    Link Spain offers EUR 350,000
    Link French foreign ministry



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