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[CTA - Brussels Office Newsletter N° 255]
Subject: [CTA - Brussels Office Newsletter N° 255]
Send date: 2011-01-17 11:20:22
Issue #: 71
Content:
Bulletin CTA
1

This weblog shares information on key ACP-EU programmes and events
from Brussels relevant to agriculture and rural development in ACP countries.


Date : [DATE]
CTA Brussels Newsletter

Main events in the week
  1. Brussels Briefing on ‘Geopolitics of Food’ -2nd February 2011
  2. Main ACP-EU events for the week of 10/1 to 14/1/2011
  3. Sudan referendum: visit from a European Parliament delegation
  4. Commissioner Georgieva makes a plea for cholera victims in Haiti
  5. SADC trade deal with Europe by mid-2011
  6. ECHA received 3.1 million Classification and Labelling notifications
  7. EU initials new fisheries protocol with Cape Verde
  8. A new DG for Development and Cooperation – EuropeAid
  9. Ashton appoints EEAS Africa director
  10. EAC EPA experts set to chart negotiating strategy with EU
  11. 'Beauty' project developing better biofuel engine
  12. EU-funded scientists sequence fungal disease genome
  13. European Union opens political consultations with Guinea Bissau
  14. ACP Group of States and IOM Strengthen Cooperation
  15. How Might the EU’s CAP Affect Trade and Development After 2013?
  16. Soaring food prices raise new crisis fears
  17. Eritrea and the EU signed cooperation programmes worth over 50 Mio €
  18. Fighting inequalities & injustice: The European NGDOs’ perspective
  19. The European Investment Bank and Carbon Finance
  20. EU will exceed renewable energy goal of 20 percent by 2020


  1. Brussels Briefing on ‘Geopolitics of Food’ -2nd February 2011
    2011-01-14
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Trade, Rural development, Aid effectiveness, Environment, Archive, Regional Fisheries, Food Security

    The 21st Brussels Policy Development Briefing will be on 'Geopolitics of Food' and will take place on the 2nd of February 2010 (8h30-13h00).Feeding the world is not anymore just a question of increasing agricultural production and trade but a political question. In a globalised world, the complexity of issues involved in the global food system is increasing, the linkages between sectors influencing and being influenced by agriculture and the relations amongst actors are becoming key. The food, fuel and financial crisis, the effects of climate change and global policies have and will have an impact on the food production and future type of agriculture. In this changing context, what are the consequences for the ACP agriculture and what future for the most vulnerable farmers? What new policies and what global aid architecture would be needed?
    For more information please contact: boto@cta.int or lopes@cta.int


    Link Brussels Development Briefings
    Link Past Briefings
    Link Registration_Form_1.doc

  2. Main ACP-EU events for the week of 10/1 to 14/1/2011
    2011-01-14
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Trade, Rural development, Aid effectiveness, Environment, Archive, Regional Fisheries, Food Security

    EU presidency (Brussels):
    -10th January: Agriculture and Fisheries Ministers meeting
    -12th of January:  Meeting Coreper I-Meeting Coreper II
    -14th of January: Informal meeting of Ministers and State Secretaries for European Affairs
    ACP Secretary (Brussels):
    -11th of January: Special Committee of Ambassadors
    -12th of January: Joint ACP-EC Technical Committee on Sugar


    For more information please consult the calendar on our webpage http://brussels.cta.int


    Link Hungarian Presidency of the EU
    Link ACP Group of States
    Link Council of The EU


  3. Sudan referendum: visit from a European Parliament delegation
    2011-01-14

    A six-member European Parliament delegation is now in Sudan to observe the southern Sudan independence referendum, with voting taking place between 9 and 15 January. Delegation leader Mariya Nedelcheva (EPP, BG) confirmed on Wednesday that the poll has so far been conducted in a peaceful atmosphere, but she added that ensuring that the result is respected by all parties, whatever the outcome, will be crucial. "We hope that the peaceful atmosphere observed during the first days of the referendum in most parts of Sudan will continue throughout the whole process", said Ms Nedelcheva. "In order to facilitate good relations between the north and southern Sudan in the future, it is important that this referendum is carried out in a credible manner"."It is also essential to the future development of the two parts of the country, that the outcome of the referendum is respected. The north and southern Sudan are interdependent and whatever the outcome is, it will be vital to maintain open channels of dialogue and a cooperative relationship - for the sake of all the people of Sudan", she added.

    Source:European Parliament


    Link Read more
    Link EU Delagation in Sudan
    Link European Parliament


  4. Commissioner Georgieva makes a plea for cholera victims in Haiti
    2011-01-14

    Commissioner Georgieva said "The anti-cholera efforts undertaken before of the post-electoral riots have reduced the daily rate of cholera deaths from 50 on 23th of November to 22 on 4th of December. We are working to continue with this positive trend, but to be successful, humanitarian workers and victims of cholera need peace. Insecurity is killing more people by preventing treatment than by violence in the streets. If turmoil persists, the cholera epidemic can go out of control. It is essential to allow patients to be treated, clean water to be provided and good sanitation to be ensured. If we fail to do so, the consequences could be devastating."The present riots in Haiti are having serious consequences on the humanitarian aid operations in Haiti. Many people affected by cholera no longer have access to life-saving treatment, because widespread violence prevents cholera treatment centres from operating and medical personnel from moving around freely. The violence is also preventing the delivery of clean water and other basic services, both to cholera affected communities and to the numerous tented camps which still house more than one million people affected by the 12 January earthquake.Commissioner Georgieva thanked the Member States for their support, and added that in addition to €12 million in humanitarian funding already disbursed, another aid package of €10 million was under preparation. Commissioner Georgieva stressed that unimpeded access and respect for basic humanitarian principles was needed before more funds being made available.The epidemic, which has been ravaging the country in waves for nearly two months, has already affected more than 93,000 people and killed over 2,100. These figures are likely to rise dramatically the longer the current unrest goes on. The situation is particularly worrying in areas where the cholera attack and lethality rates are currently very high.

    Source: European Union

     


    Link Read more
    Link DG ECHO
    Link EU Delegation in Haiti


  5. SADC trade deal with Europe by mid-2011
    2011-01-14
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Trade

    The Southern African Development Community (SADC) was presenting a more unified front at the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) negotiations with the European Union (EU), said Trade and Industry Minister Rob Davies, adding that a final agreement could possibly be reached by mid-2011. This came after negotiations dragged on beyond the previously hoped for deadline of December 2010.“We are now working in much more of a united way as the SADC group, and that is important and good for the potential outcome,” Davies told Engineering News Online.He also emphasised that the parties were not negotiating interim-EPAs, but rather, as agreed last year, were working towards ratification of a final EPA. This included negotiation on more difficult issues, which were excluded from the interim-EPA negotiations.The interim-EPA negotiations previously caused friction among SADC member States, as some of them, namely Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique and Swaziland signed the interim-EPA, while South Africa, Namibia and Angola did not. South Africa was engaging in the negotiations on two levels, Davies stated.Firstly, South Africa has to ensure that the trade arrangements were compatible with what has been agreed to in the Southern African Customs Union, thus the EPAs should not impose complicating obligations and should not destabilise regional integration.The second level of engagement was to ensure that a new trading arrangement, which would replace the existing Trade Development and Cooperation Agreement (TDCA) with the EU, would deliver additional benefits for the country. Specifically, fisheries and agricultural products were areas where Davies felt that there was room for South Africa to leverage additional benefits.Davies noted that the EPA negotiations were progressing, although the most difficult issues, such as export taxes and the most favoured nation clause, had been left until last, and had yet to be dealt with. These were considered “make or break” issues, “so there is still plenty of work to be done”. The next technical negotiating meeting was scheduled for February. Davies stated that the EU was showing “some flexibility”.

    Source:Engineering News Online


    Link Read more
    Link SADC
    Link Trade, Development and Cooperation Agreement


  6. ECHA received 3.1 million Classification and Labelling notifications
    2011-01-14
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : Environment

    By 3 January 2011, European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) received 3 114 835 notifications of 24 529 substances for the Classification and Labelling Inventory. By this deadline, industry had to notify the classification and labelling of all chemical substances that are hazardous or subject to registration under the REACH regulation and placed on the EU market. Geert Dancet, Executive Director of ECHA, said This is a perfect start for the International Year of Chemistry. The Classification and Labelling Inventory, which will be publicly available later this year, will significantly improve safety by providing up-to-date information on all the hazardous substances that are on the EU market today.

    Source: European Chemicals Agency


    Link Read more
    Link ECHA


  7. EU initials new fisheries protocol with Cape Verde
    2011-01-14
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : Regional Fisheries

    On 22 December 2010, the European Commission on behalf of the European Union initialled a new three-year protocol under the Fisheries Partnership Agreement (FPA) with Cape Verde setting fishing possibilities for EU vessels in Cape Verde's Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), along with other conditions. The new protocol foresees a total EU financial contribution of EUR 435,000, and will come into force when the present protocol expires, on 1 September.The reference tonnage remains unchanged at EUR 5,000 tonnes/year, as does the financial contribution for access rights. The total financial contribution also includes EUR 110,000 specifically to support the Cape Verde fisheries sector, which is EUR 50,000 more than under the present protocol. Fishing possibilities have been adapted to match the real needs of the sector more closely, and will now be available for the following number of vessels; 28 tuna seiners (currently 25); 35 surface longliners (currently 48); and 11 pole-and-line fishing vessels (unchanged). These fishing possibilities are in line with the best available scientific advice on sustainable levels of fishing pressure. The EU and Cape Verde are committed to adopting a multi-annual plan for sustainable and responsible fishing by the end of November 2011.

    Source: European Commission


    Link Read more
    Link DG for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries
    Link Delegation of the EU to Cape Verde


  8. A new DG for Development and Cooperation – EuropeAid
    2011-01-13
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Trade, Rural development, Aid effectiveness, Archive, Food Security

    The European Commission can now speak with one voice on development and cooperation issues: since Monday, the new Directorate-General, DG DEVCO formally began its work, and will be responsible for designing European development policy and delivering aid throughout the world. DG DEVCO brings together two former Directorates General: DG Development and DG EuropeAid.Having one address for development policy and implementation will provide a single contact point for stakeholders both inside and outside the EU, a press release said. DG DEVCO will also be the single interlocutor for the European External Action Service (EEAS), and for all sectoral DGs.The press release added that the new Directorate-General would reinforce the ability of the EU to design state-of-the-art development policy for all developing countries, and enhance policy coherence for development while further improving implementation and delivery mechanisms. It will also define the future development policy drawing from the objectives of the EU's Green Paper on development policy and contribute to global challenges ahead.


    Source: European Union


    Link Read more
    Link DG DEVCO
    Link Blog's Commissioner Piebalgs


  9. Ashton appoints EEAS Africa director
    2011-01-13

    British diplomat's appointment completes regional management of EEAS. Nicholas Westcott, the UK's ambassador to Ghana, has been appointed managing director for Africa in the European External Action Service. The appointment was announced by Catherine Ashton, the EU's foreign policy chief. Westcott is a British career diplomat who also currently serves as non-resident ambassador to Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Niger and Togo. He has spent most of his career working on African issues. 

    Source: European Union


    Link Read more
    Link European External Action Service
    Link European Defence Agency


  10. EAC EPA experts set to chart negotiating strategy with EU
    2011-01-13
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : ACP-EU Trade

    East African Community (EAC) experts negotiating the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) with the European Union are to meet this month, after receiving funds for the work. Ismail Mfinanga, Assistant Director of Regional Integration Programmes in the Ministry of Industries and Trade, said the EAC secretariat reported that it had secured Swedish Kroner 24 million from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) to facilitate EPA negotiations by EAC experts during the EAC Sectoral Council meeting held on 29th November, last year. Financial constraints stalled the EPA negotiations between the East African Community (EAC) and European Union (EU), experts which were scheduled for completion in November last year. Initially, EPA comprehensive negotiations by EAC and EU experts were scheduled to start in October, last year and concluded in November, with the signing of EPA agreement.However Mfinanga, who is one of the experts involved in the EPA negotiations, said: “The two parties missed the deadline because of financial constraints on the part of EAC.”

    Source: IPP media 


    Link Read more
    Link ACP guidelines for the EPA
    Link East African Community


  11. 'Beauty' project developing better biofuel engine
    2011-01-13
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : Archive

    An EU-funded collaboration between universities and industry is overcoming limitations in current technologies to develop new bioethanol engines. Driven by the need for more sustainable and less polluting sources of energy, the European Union is now more determined than ever to increase the use of renewable fuels. In June 2009, the EU’s Renewable Energy and Fuel Quality Directives set binding targets for renewable energies in the transport sector for the first time, and linked them to greenhouse gas reduction targets.“Normal commercial gasoline can contain up to 7% ethanol by volume," explains Andrea Gerini of Centro Ricerche Fiat. "These blends are quite easy to handle in modern engine platforms," he says, "but the level of bioethanol content is still quite low.” Gerini is coordinator of the EU-funded 'Beauty' project ('Bio-Ethanol engine for advanced urban transport by light commercial and heavy-duty captive fleets'), aimed at developing new engines, combustion technologies and fuels that will allow a substantial increase in the use of biofuels.


    Source: European Commission


    Link Read more
    Link DG Research & Innovation
    Link EU Renewable Energy


  12. EU-funded scientists sequence fungal disease genome
    2011-01-12
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : Archive, Rural development

    EU-funded researchers have sequenced the genome of a major fungal disease that affects various cereal crops including barley. Presented in the journal Science, the research could help bolster our understanding of the evolution of plants. The study was funded in part by the BIOEXPLOIT ('Exploitation of natural plant biodiversity for the pesticide-free production of food') project, which is backed with almost EUR 16 million under the 'Food quality and safety' Thematic area of the EU's Sixth Framework Programme (FP6). The researchers, led by Imperial College London (ICL) in the UK, say their study helps shed light on how parasites within the genome of the fungus facilitate a disease's adaption and fight against a plant's defences. They add that new agricultural techniques can be developed, making it easier to keep infection at bay and sustain the health of cereal crops. Ensuring that plants stay free from disease is also a mega step towards securing food in our planet.

    Source: European Commission


    Link Read more
    Link EC -Research & Innovation
    Link CORDIS


  13. European Union opens political consultations with Guinea Bissau
    2011-01-12

    The European Union (EU) has decided to start political consultations with Guinea Bissau, under Article 96 of the Cotonou Agreement which allows the EU to suspend partially or totally cooperation with African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries that are guilty of serious violations of democratic principles.Mr Andris Piebalgs, European Commissioner for Development, said the decision to open consultations was made because of the concern expressed by the EU on the status of democratic principles and respect for the rule of law in Guinea Bissau.The statement said the EU intends to implement 'a strategy for ending the crisis along with the various stakeholders involved'.It noted that the mutiny by a section of the army on 1 April 2010, and the actions that followed, had been condemned by the international community and the EU.The mutiny led to illegal detentions and appointments of military officials connected with the mutiny to positions of great responsibility, the statement said.According to the statement, the mutiny resulted in the 'cancellation of the security sector reform process, essential for peace, security and sustainable development as well as the fight against drug trafficking and organized crime '.Under an agreement concluded with the authorities of Guinea Bissau, the EU was responsible for leading the security sector reform agenda, while providing assistance to the government to reform the police, army and put in place a national security strategy.The reform, launched in 2008, had been suspended since May 2010.During a working visit to Brussels in September, the Prime Minister of Guinea Bissau, Carlos Gomes Jr., had asked European leaders to resume the security sector reform.

    Source: Afrique en ligne
     


    Link Read more
    Link EU's delegation in the Guinea-Bissau
    Link Cotonou Agreement


  14. ACP Group of States and IOM Strengthen Cooperation
    2011-01-12
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : Archive

    IOM Director General William Lacy Swing and the Secretary General of the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group of States Mohammed Ibn Chambas have signed on December 17, an agreement at the ACP Headquarters in Brussels committing the two bodies to closer cooperation on a wide range of migration-related issues. The agreement aims to provide practical assistance to the 79 ACP Members States to help them optimize the benefits of migration for poverty reduction and sustainable development. “Migration has always played a crucial role in shaping ACP societies. It is now our duty to ensure that its negative effects are reduced and to do our best to make migration as positive force for development,” said ACP Secretary General Mohammed Ibn Chambas.Director General William Lacy Swing said the agreement illustrates the importance given by IOM to migration in the African, Caribbean and Pacific region. “Our partnership with the ACP Secretariat and Group of States demonstrates our common will and determination to realize the many potential benefits of migration. The signing of this agreement will help us to take another step towards this goal.”Cooperation between IOM and the ACP Group of States has already led to the launch on 25 October of the Observatory on Migration, an initiative of the ACP Secretariat empowered by IOM and funded by the European Union with the financial support of Switzerland. The Observatory aims to establish a network of research institutions and governmental entities dealing with migration in the six ACP regions, namely West Africa, Central Africa, East Africa, Southern Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific. Activities will start in 12 pilot countries (Angola, Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Kenya, Lesotho, Nigeria, Papua New Guinea, Senegal, Tanzania, Timor-Leste and Trinidad and Tobago).Although much of the global focus on migration is on human mobility from the South to the North, almost half of all emigration from developing countries is to other developing countries – South-South migration. Yet little is known about this phenomenon which, for example, has traditionally been used in many African countries as a livelihood strategy. Africa is also home to the largest numbers of internally displaced people and refugees. The Caribbean and Pacific regions too are marked by inter-regional migration.

    Source: IOM


    Link Read more
    Link IOM
    Link ACP Observatory on Migration


  15. How Might the EU’s CAP Affect Trade and Development After 2013?
    2011-01-11
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : Rural development

    The Commission’s Communication on the CAP post 2013 published in November 2010 sets out three options for the future shape of Europe’s Common Agricultural Policy. This paper explains the background and rationale for the debate on CAP reform at the present time. It describes the content of the preferred reform option and examines the implications for trade and for developing countries. Despite fears raised by the rhetoric of maintaining the EU’s production capacity to guarantee food security, the proposals maintain the market orientation of previous CAP reforms. Virtually all the proposed changes concern measures which are classified in the Green Box in the EU’s reporting of its WTO commitment obligations. Green Box measures must meet the criterion, inter alia, that they are not or only minimally trade-distorting. The absence of detail in the current Communication does not permit to quantify whether the proposed measures would be more or less trade-distorting than at present, but there are good reasons to think that they would be less trade-distorting. However, the overall impact cannot be assessed until the parallel negotiations on the EU’s medium-term budget perspective are completed and the budget expenditure on the different instruments in the proposed agricultural policy toolkit are known.

    Source: ICTSD


    Link Read more
    Link Commissioner for EU Agriculture
    Link Agriculture and Rural Development


  16. Soaring food prices raise new crisis fears
    2011-01-11
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : Rural development, Environment, Food Security

    The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) last week warned that food prices for basic commodities hit record highs last month, fuelling fears of inflation, protectionism, unrest and reduced demand from emerging economies. According to the UN’s latest food price index, December 2010 prices overtook 2008 levels when spikes in prices triggered violent protests in Latin America, Africa and Asia - demonstrating the immediate impact that basic commodity price rises have on the world's poorest populations.The European Commission says that there is no single cause and no simple explanation for the increase in food prices and believes the hikes are driven by factors such as increased global demand, bad harvests in exporting countries, export bans and speculation. EU Agriculture Commissioner Dacian Cioloş said the food price increases "show the importance of a strong Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)" and suggest that one of the principal objectives of discussions on the post-2013 CAP should be "viable food production". "The provision of safe and sufficient food supplies, in the context of growing global demand, economic crisis and much greater market volatility is fundamental and will be one of the main elements the Commission will consider when making its proposals for the future CAP in the middle of this year," he added.


     Source: EurActiv


    Link Read more
    Link The CAP
    Link FAO


  17. Eritrea and the EU signed cooperation programmes worth over 50 Mio €
    2011-01-11

    The Government of the State of Eritrea and the European Union have signed five projects under 10th European Development Fund (EDF), collectively financed by the twenty seven Member States of the EU for a total amount of 52.4 Mio € (1018 Mio Nakfa). A sixth project "Support to the National Confederation of Eritrean Workers (NCEW) for the strengthening of the social dialogue in Eritrea"worth 1.3 Mio € was signed by the NCEW and the EU in March 2010 and its implementation has already started. This project aims at strengthening social dialogue and tripartite cooperation between the Government, Trade Unions and Employers in Eritrea, generating opportunities for economic and social development. With the overall aim of supporting the Eritrean people in their fight against poverty and their pursuit of economic and social progress, the EU has allocated a total amount of 122 Mio € for development programmes in the country for the period 2009-2013: the five projects signed focus on the key areas of food security, governance as well as preservation of national heritage.

    Source: European Union


    Link Read more
    Link EU Relations with Eritrea
    Link European Development Fund (EDF)


  18. Fighting inequalities & injustice: The European NGDOs’ perspective
    2011-01-11
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : Aid effectiveness

    While CONCORD acknowledges that the European Union needs to develop and implement its new ambitions regarding external relations, European NGOs believe that EU institutions have a responsibility to tackle poverty and injustice. European Union policies are not supposed to pursue unilateral European interests. Legally, they are to support sustainable and human development in developing countries. This is even more crucial in an increasingly interdependent world. We have choices.

    Source: CONCORD


    Link Read more
    Link CONCORD
    Link DG DEVCO


  19. The European Investment Bank and Carbon Finance
    2011-01-11
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : Environment

    Carbon finance initiatives form an integral part of the European Investment Bank’s response to the challenges posed by climate change. In line with European Union (EU) policies and international agreements, the Bank supports climate change mitigation and adaptation activities as well as initiatives that promote the carbon markets.

    Source: the European Investment Bank


    Link Read more
    Link the European Investment Bank
    Link DG Environment


  20. EU will exceed renewable energy goal of 20 percent by 2020
    2011-01-10
    NEWSLETTER_CATEGORIES : Environment

    The EU 27 will exceed its target of meeting 20 % of its gross final energy consumption from renewable sources by 2020. Today the European Wind Energy Association published its analysis of the 27 National Renewable Energy Action Plans, submitted  by the EU Member States to the European Commission. “Taken together the Action Plans show that the EU-27 will meet 20.7 % of its 2020 energy consumption from renewables”, said Justin Wilkes, Policy Director of the European Wind Energy Association (EWEA). The National Action Plans show that one third (34%) of EU electricity demand will be supplied from renewables by 2020.

    Source: The European Wind Energy Association


    Link Read more
    Link UNFCCC
    Link EWEA



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