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February 2019
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EDITO
Saturday, 23 February 2019
Deputy Director General Athanassios Theodorakis in the 3rd Issue of the E-Courier gives some spotlights on the European new development policy and why the choice for the budget support.
There are only a few months left until the United Nations meets to discuss at high level the Millennium Development Goals passed in the Monterrey Consensus agreement. The Monterrey Consensus agreement remains a key accomplishment of the international community. For the first time, it created a global partnership for development, an essential condition to eradicate poverty. But we know that despite significant progress since the implementation of the partnership the problems facing developing countries are serious. This situation is not acceptable and radical change is necessary. If a global partnership is to succeed, then developing countries must take control of their future. They must adopt and implement ambitious national strategies, set feasible objectives, put an end to corruption and the waste of natural resources. We will never be able to do for our partners what they can do for themselves. However, this said, the international community cannot pull away from its responsibility: it must accompany this process and allocate sufficient resources for development. The EU has granted a significant increase in its development aid which will represent, on an annual basis, an additional 20 million euros until 2010. A calendar and precise goals have been set: 0.56 % for 2010; and 0.7 % for 2015. Other policies (commerce, agriculture, environment, research ...) can also provide significant contributions to development. This is why the European Union has made a clear-cut commitment for the promotion of coherence within its internal and external policies and is pleased that the European Council has endorsed this dynamic. Another challenge, beyond volume issues, is the improvement of the quality and efficiency of the aid. In this respect, budgetary support, symbolizes the partners taking charge of their own development and allows them to pay recurrent costs such as teachers and nurses’wages, is without doubt the most efficient and best adapted tool in countries where it is feasible.
Finally, the EU is to engage in a policy focused on sub-Saharan Africa where there is considerable under-development and unbearable misery. This is why the European Union has considered it fundamental to devote at least 50% of its public aid to the Continent. Efforts will focus on three plans: The political
plan: to support the African Union, reinforce governance, support the peer review system, contribute to peace, security and the resolution of conflicts. The economic plan: by financing large trans-African communication networks and focusing on commerce and by reinforcing regional integration. The social
plan: by improving access to basic services, adequate and predictable financing for contagious diseases and continuous sustainable environmental support. Our approach to development has moved on. Development is more than just a large scale charity operation. Public demonstrations of sensitivity are excellent means to remind us of our constant duty of solidarity, our ambition to share our experience and know-how respecting the priorities of our partners and most of all the respect of human dignity.
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All about the EU declaration on the Millenium Development Goals.
Edited by Olav Stokke, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs and Paul Hoebink, Centre for International Development Issues Nijmegen (CIDIN), Catholic University of Nijmegen

Events of the past twenty years, including the Cold War and the War on Terror, have meant that the environments of international development co-operation have changed extensively, with dramatic consequences for development policies and North-South relations in general. Perspectives on European Development Cooperation takes stock of such changes, describing and analysing the new European development agenda, including the role of the European Union. Essays by prominent authorities in the field examine the development policies of individual donor countries and focus on the principles and objectives governing aid strategies and the performances of these policies. This book will be of interest to students of development studies and those involved in determining development policy.
The institutional architecture of European development cooperation comprises: political leadership provided by the Council; the Commission in Brussels; the network of field offices; the supervision and decision-making arrangements for Member States; and the European Parliament. All of these have undergone changes, especially since the appointment of the Prodi Commission in 1999. Recent developments include the creation of a single implementing office for aid, EuropeAid, and the deconcentration of authority to delegations located in developing countries. However, there have been a number of concerns expressed, in particular regarding: the abolition of a separate Development Council and the integration of development cooperation into the General
Affairs and External Relations Council (GAERC), attended by Foreign Ministers; the division of responsibilities (and the balance of interests) among commissioners for foreign policy, trade and development; and the weakness of the European Parliament’s political supervision.
2004/05 is of key importance, seeing as it does the appointment of a new Commission and the resolution of the Financial Perspectives for 2007–13. ‘Budgetisation’ of the European Development Fund looks likely, incorporating what has hitherto been a separate development fund into the main EU budget; this would give the European Parliament a greater voice but could reduce the share of aid going to the poorest countries if funds are not ring-fenced. The eventual approval of a new constitution and the appointment of a European foreign minister will also have an impact on the institutional architecture.
The competition for the 2005 Lorenzo Natali Prize was launched by the European Commission today. Prizes for a total of 50.000 EUR are awarded by DG Development for articles of journalistic excellence in five world areas published in print or online media between 1 January 2004 and 31 August 2005. To qualify, the articles must focus on issues of human rights and/or democracy in the developing world. The prize is given since 1992 and was named after Mr Lorenzo Natali, Vice-President of the European Commission, in charge of Development from 1985 – 1989. The deadline for entries this year is set at 31 October 2005.