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February 2019
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EDITO
Saturday, 23 February 2019
On the occasion of the UN Summit on the achievement of millennium development goals that is to take place between 14th and 16th September in New York, the Foundation has published an exhaustive study by Corinne Balleix on the European Development Co-operation Policy.
The European Union is the main partner of developing countries in terms of official aid. Along with its Member States it provides 55% of all official international aid for development. A certain number of major challenges have been launched recently in co-ordination with EU Member States: greater coherence with other Union policies; the need to review the issue of funding.
In order to rise to these challenges the Union has embarked on path to define a strategy that aims to extract the best in terms of Europe’s added value in this area, to improve the quality and impact of its activities and to react to new global challenges whilst maintaining Europe’s particular mark on the world.
This is what is at stake in the new Declaration for Development Co-operation that is to be adopted this year; it is an issue that takes on its full meaning with the participation of the EU in the next UN Summit dedicated to Millennium Development Goals.

The Robert Schuman Foundation processes and distributes a great amount of European information that is available to the researchers and the broader public.
Gordon Brown, UK Chancellor of the Exchequer and Mervyn King, Governor of the Bank of England, hosted a meeting of EU Finance Ministers (ECOFIN) and Central Bank Governors on the 9 and 10 September 2005, in Manchester, UK. Amongst the issues discussed of interest for the ACP is the financing for development.
Finance Ministers agreed the following statement on debt relief and innovative financing as part of a common EU position on development financing to be presented to the UN Financing for Development High Level Dialogue on 14 September:
“On aid volume, we recall the commitment to the 16-17 June European Council to reach a collective ODA/GNI target of 0.7% by 2015, and an collective intermediate target of 0.56% by 2010. We also reaffirm the need to improve the quality and effectiveness of aid.We welcome and support the G8 proposal to cancel 100% of outstanding debt of eligible Heavily Indebted Poor Countries to the IMF, IDA, and African Development Fund and, on a fair burden-sharing basis, to provide additional resources to ensure that the initiative is fully financed without reducing the IFIs’ financing capacity. We must ensure that the problem of unsustainable debt will not re-occur. We look forward to the implementation of the G8 proposal subject to the resolution of important issues at the IFIs’ Boards.
EU Member States are united in their commitments to increasing aid and follow several routes to that aim. Some Member States firmly believe that innovative financing mechanisms can help deliver and bring forward the financing necessary to achieve the MDGs and may contribute to the achievement of the new ODA/GNI target. A group of Member States will implement the International Finance Facility (IFF) as a mechanism to frontload resources for development. A group of countries have launched the IFF for immunisation and made firm financial commitments. A group of EU Member States will implement a contribution on airline tickets to enable financing development projects, in particular in the health sector, directly or through financing the IFF. Some other EU Member States are considering whether and to what extent they will participate in these initiatives or otherwise continue to enhance traditional ODA.On trade, we underline the importance of a successful conclusion of the WTO Doha development agenda (DDA) and increased support to developing countries to build their capacity to trade.”
In relation to the G8 debt relief proposal, Ministers also agreed to work on the basis of a common approach to resolve key implementation issues of additionality, conditionality, uniformity of treatment and debt sustainability ahead of the UN Summit and this month’s Annual Meetings of the IMF and the World Bank.
EU confirms its leadership in the fight against major poverty diseases.
At the Global Fund Replenishment Conference held in London on 6 September, and chaired by Kofi Annan the UN Secretary General, EU Member States and the European Commission pledged an additional US$2.3 billion for 2006 and 2007, which will see Europe provide 60 per cent of contributions to the Fund.
Speaking on behalf of the EU, Hilary Benn, applauded the commitment of EU Member States and the European Commission, "The EU is investing more in the Global Fund, because needs are growing and the Fund must keep pace with that. It is important that the Global Fund continues to work well, and gets the money to those who are in greatest need. That is why the European Commission and EU Member States are strong supporters of the impressive work being done to scale up action against AIDS, TB and malaria."
The Global Fund is a global public-private partnership dedicated to attracting and disbursing additional resources to prevent and treat HIV and AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. This partnership between governments, civil society, the private sector and affected communities represents a new approach to international health financing. The Fund works in close collaboration with other bilateral and multilateral organizations to supplement existing efforts dealing with the three diseases.
The Global Fund has so far committed US$ 3.5 billion to over 300 programs in 127 countries. Around 60 percent of this funding has gone to Africa, and 55 percent to fighting HIV and AIDS. Around half of the funding is being spent on medicines, mosquito nets to prevent malaria and other products, while the other half is for strengthening health services. Since 2002 220,000 people have been supported with treatment for AIDS, 600,000 people have received TB treatment and more than three million families received insecticide-treated bed nets to prevent malaria.
To help third countries set up these relatively complex arrangements, the European Commission along with the United Kingdom and The Netherlands for their respective Overseas Countries and Territories (OCT) on the one hand, and the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States on the other hand, represented by the Secretary-General of the ACP Group of States, have agreed to fund a support project. This project is entitled "Strengthening Fishery Products Health Conditions in ACP/OCT Countries" and is being implemented over a period of 5 years.
The general objective is to make the best use of ACP fish resources by strengthening their production and external marketing capacities (Cotonou Agreement Article 34.3).
The aim is to facilitate access for local fishery products to the global market by durably strengthening health surveillance systems for export and production conditions in all beneficiary countries. It should be stressed that fish products from small-scale fisheries are taken into account in a significant way; this can be seen further on in the description of activities.
The SFP-ACP/OCT Programme lanches a new website with the following sections:
- A “News” section providing information on on-going projects and on the sector.
- An “About the programme” section containing all the programme’s reference documents.
- Data on sanitary control for fishery products from the countries. participating in the SFP programme will be presented in the “Country situation” section, still under construction.
- an online documentation centre will provide access to relevant documents and links of interest to the website’s target public.

An extensive collaboration has taken place between the SFP programme and CTA when dealing with the ACP-EU fisheries relations. In addition to the Agritrade Portal on Fisheries, CTA is running an e-consultation with more than 110 experts on Market Access for ACP Fisheries products to the EU.
Sunday, 11 September 2005
The Humanitarian Aid department (ECHO) launched its 5th DIPECHO (for Disaster Preparedness ECHO) Action Plan for the Caribbean. €3.5 million will be allocated for disaster preparedness in the region. The main objective is to increase the capability of vulnerable populations living in areas most affected by recurrent natural hazards to cope with the effects of natural disasters.
The financing will focus on the strengthening of capacity/training at the local level, with the direct participation of beneficiary communities. For example: organisation and training of local emergency committees; simulations and workshops at the community level aimed at the elaboration of an emergency plan; training and equipping of community disaster response teams.
Furthermore, activities supported under the new DIPECHO Action Plan will include the setting of early warning systems; Small scale infrastructure mitigation works aimed at reducing physical vulnerability of beneficiaries, like protection walls along riverbanks, drainage works, reforestation; Map-making and computerisation of data connected with the study of risks, vulnerability and the development of emergency plans;
Research and dissemination of technical studies, workshops and their results in order to increase knowledge on risk reduction issues.
As announced a few months ago, the setting up of an ACP-EU facility for natural disaster is very important to the ACP Group which comprises a very high number of countries affected by natural disasters (drought, locust, floods, etc).