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Video guest: Josephine Mwangi

April 2019
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Friday, 26 April 2019
public consultation on whether and how to create a European Institute of Technology (EIT) has been opened by the European Commission today. It will gather the views of stakeholders on how an ‘EIT’ could strengthen research, education and market innovation in Europe. The public consultation will run until mid-November, and will feed into a wider analysis by the European Commission services.
European Commission President Barroso made the following remarks at the occasion of a press meeting together with UK Prime Minister Tony Blair, musician Sir Bob Geldof and President of Nigeria Obasanjo (G 8 follow up panel) on 15 September in New York:

Firstly, I would like to recognize the drive and determination of those sitting alongside me. Prime Minister Tony Blair, Sir Bob Geldof and President Obasanjo have all, in different ways, contributed an enormous amount to putting Africa back on the political map of the developed world.
The task for us now is to keep it there. The G8 in Gleneagles was crucial, both as a process and as an event. As a process because it caught the popular imagination and became a fixed point which Europe could aim at. As an event because it meant that good will could be translated into commitments; on aid and debt especially.
But the key point is this: fighting extreme poverty and disease is not done by words alone. It is done by turning commitments into reality. It is a process, a mentality, not an event.
Europe has already done a great deal. We are the biggest aid donor in the world. We are the most open market in the world. Europe imports 85% of African agricultural exports. Europe is allowing in, without duty or tariffs, all goods except weapons from the world’s 50 poorest countries.
But we can, we must, do more. Gleneagles has shown us the way. 80% of the extra $ 50 billion of aid pledged there will come from Europe. Now the EU will produce its Africa strategy in the autumn, showing how we will spend these increased resources. And we will continue to lead the drive to reach a truly development friendly conclusion to the Doha trade round.
Europe can do a lot. But it can’t do all. We need others to match our efforts, which is why I welcome President Bush’s comments on trade in his speech yesterday. We need the new emerging economies to engage with us as well. And we need to work in partnership with African countries and organisations such as the African Union, of which President Obasanjo is the President.
We have the resources. What we need is organization and political will. Gleneagles was a crucial step in the fight against extreme poverty. Europe must, and will, work to turn the commitments made there into reality.
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Friday, 16 September 2005
Trade liberalisation is crucial to the fight against hunger and poverty but it is not enough on its own, Members of Euorpean Parliament were told by experts at a hearing of the International Trade Committee on 13 September. Domestic reforms, such as scrapping farm subsidies in the rich countries, are also needed.

MEPs broadly supported this view but added that the linkage between liberalisation and poverty was not always clear cut and that every country's circumstances were different. Agriculture was seen as a key area by most experts and MEPs, as it accounts for between 50% and 90% of employment in developing countries. There was a broad consensus that the benefits of trade liberalisation must be accompanied by domestic reforms in both developed and developing countries.
Patrick MESSERLIN, professor of economics at Sciences Po, Paris, argued that the main responsibility for fighting poverty in developing countries lay with the OECD countries, especially the EU. He said the elimination of export subsidies was certainly not enough: domestic subsidies and price support must be dismantled too. Apart from trade liberalisation, he added, there was a need for sound domestic governance using a wise mix of regulatory reform, domestic subsidies and taxes.
According to Veena JHA, Coordinator of the UNCTAD India Programme, trade liberalisation, in particular liberalisation of the agriculture, textile and clothing industries, generally had a positive impact on poverty reduction. However, she believed differentiated trade liberalisation would yield the best results.
Pierre DEFRAIGNE, director of EUR-IFRI, said the EU's contribution to eliminating poverty and hunger should go beyond trade because trade could only create opportunities, not deliver development.
Rashid KAUKAB, of the Trade and Development Programme, South Centre, Geneva, criticised the EU for not always adhering to its multilateral trading system commitments. "The EU has been quite good at selling some promises against down payments by developing countries", he said. He called on the EU to make a commitment at the highest level to turning its trade policy into a tool for achieving broad-based and widely shared development.
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Thursday, 15 September 2005
M. Peter Balas was appointed today Deputy Director-General in the Directorate-General for Trade. In his new function Mr Balas will supervise the services responsible for the coordination of WTO and OECD matters, agricultural trade, services, sustainable development as well as textiles, new technologies, intellectual property and public procurement.
Ambassador Peter Balas, aged 55, has been the permanent representative of Hungary to the World Trade Organization since 2002, where he participated in formulating Hungary’s multilateral trade policies concerning the Doha Development Agenda and other WTO activities. Since April 2003, he participated in EU coordination activities in Geneva and at Committee 133 meetings in Brussels.
M. Peter Balas has gathered multilateral experience on international economic relations at the GATT representation of Hungary, from 1986 to 1991, where he represented Hungary at the GATT Uruguay Round negotiations as Deputy Head of the Representation. From 1996 to 2000, he had also been in charge of the supervision of Hungary’s international relations and trade policy as Deputy State Secretary for international economic relations in the ministry of economic affairs, and held the same functions in the ministry of foreign affairs, from 2000 to 2002. M. Balas will take up office in the next weeks.
The 2677th session of the Council of the European Union (Agriculture and Fisheries) will take place on 19 and 20 September 2005 (11.00), in the Justus Lipsius Building, Brussels, under the Presidency of Ms Margaret BECKETT, Secretary of State for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs of the United Kingdom.

Presidency's briefing on sugar
The Presidency will brief the Council concerning the informal meeting with Ministers of the sugar producing ACP countries and LDCs and will proceed to an exchange of views on the envisaged themes to be discussed. The issues proposed by the Presidency are likely to focus on the legal and political aspects of the reform of the Common Market organisation (CMO) of the sugar sector, on the price cuts,on the economic impact of the reform on these countries and on the action plan and accompanying measures.
A first joint informal meeting of this kind had already been held on 24 January 2005 under the Luxembourg Presidency. Since then the Commission issued its three proposals on sugar at the end of June, the World trade Organisation condemned the European Union for its cross-subsidies sugar regime, and works have continued on the preparation of the next trade ministerial meeting at the WTO in Hong-Kong in December 2005.
In the margins of the council, an informal meeting with Ministers of the sugar-producing African Caribbean Pacific Countries (ACP) and the Least Developed Countries (LDC) will be held starting at 14h30 on 19 September on the sugar sector. the European Commission will be represented by Ms Fisher-Boel, Mr Michel and the DG Trade representative.

Attached the speech of Mariann Fischer Boel, Member of the European Commission responsible for Agriculture and Rural Development on the Reform of Sugar CMO at the European Parliament Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development held on
Brussels 13 September 2005.