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Video guest: Josephine Mwangi

December 2018
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EDITO
Monday, 10 December 2018
Immigrants contribute to the prosperity of Member States, they have a beneficial effect on the EU labour market and they should be granted similar rights to EU citizens, the Civil Liberties Committee said on Wednesday in a hotly contested report aimed at defining for the first time an EU strategy on economic migration. The committee heavily amended the original text by Ewa Klamt (EPP-ED, DE) in an effort to place more emphasis on the integration of legal immigrants.
Should the EU adopt a Green Card system to regulate the flow of immigrants from outside Europe? Would this help to solve the economic problems caused by Europe's ageing population? Answering these and other questions was the purpose of Ms Klamt's own-initiative report, which was drafted in response to a Commission green paper on economic migration. In its report as adopted, the committee highlighted "the need to adopt a common immigration policy in order to end the exploitation of (illegal) workers" and said that "economic migration is a positive human phenomenon". Yet MEPs emphasised that this was only "part of the solution" to Europe's demographic problems and economic difficulties. Problems within the EU labour market should also be tackled by stimulating innovation and encouraging the employment of older workers.

Integration of migrants
MEPs called on Member States to promote the integration of economic migrants residing legally in Europe by granting them the same rights as EU citizens, including the right to vote in local and European Parliament elections for those who have been resident in the EU for at least five years.
In a controversial amendment supported by Socialist, Liberal and Green members, the Civil Liberties Committee voted for a European Green Card system as being a good solution to manage legal economic migration. This would create a single administrative procedure for issuing an employment and residence permit for an economic migrant. However, the admission of a third country national for economic reasons should in principle be linked to the existence of a specific job, MEPs added.
Unable to reach a consensus, MEPs finally decided not to comment on the Commission's suggestion that priority be given to citizens from all Member States before looking for non-EU nationals to fill any job vacancy (the principle of "Community preference"). Rapporteur Ewa Klamt had backed this idea in her draft report. The paragraph in her report stipulating that economic migration measures should not be used until EU citizens from new Member States are guaranteed the right to freedom of movement was deleted from the final text.

Migration and development
ECDP attached paper examines the role of migration in economic, social and political development in Africa, the Caribbean and Pacific (ACP). Following the inclusion of a migration clause (article 13) in the political dimensions chapter of the Cotonou Agreement, migration issues have come onto the EU's development agenda. However, there has been debate as to whether migration is a "development issue" and if it should be addressed through development cooperation.
Friday, 07 October 2005
The past two years emphasis to tackling world poverty has been welcome. Stimulated by key international events in 2005, particularly the World Summit to review the implementation of the 2000 Millennium Declaration and the Millennium Development Goals, as well as by actions of citizens across the world in the Global Call for Action Against Poverty, this focus has given prominence to Europe’s co-operation with developing countries and their people. However, while much has been done to stimulate development in poor countries, there is general recognition that these efforts fall far short of what is needed if the modest goals established by the Millennium Summit are to be achieved. The European Union, which seeks to give leadership in promoting global sustainable development, must not only ensure that its commitments are honoured, but that they are also built upon. This is all the more important after 2005’s high profile poverty focused events have ended and attention turns to other things. With the repeated warnings that development targets will not be met, that globalisation is widening inequalities, and that global warming could increase climatic instability more action is required to address these issues, not less. The following pages set out what is needed over the coming months if a Responsible Europe is to be realised.
Wednesday, 05 October 2005
SFP Info is the new newsletter of the SFP programme (Strengthening Fishery Products Health Conditions in the ACP/OCT countries). With this bilingual quarterly publication, the SFP plans to keep you regularly updated on the projects and activities launched to improve the sanitary conditions of fishery and aquaculture products in the ACP States and Overseas Countries and Territories.
SFP Info is for everyone concerned by the programme: Competent Authorities in charge of health controls for aquatic products, laboratories, fishermen, fish farmers and the fish industry, framework companies, as well as European and ACP institutions. Each issue of SFP Info will address a topical issue "On the Front Page", with interviews and reports. The "In the Field" section will present one or more projects under way in a beneficiary region or country. The "Profile" will spotlight a public- or private-sector actor. And each issue will also include "News Briefs".
This week the European Parliament holds its plenary session in Strasbourg. This is the opportunity for the 732 members of the EP to vote in or to reject EU legislation.
MEPs also have a chance to question EU Commissioners and national ministers from whichever country is currently chairing the EU. The Commission holds its weekly meeting in Strasbourg whenever the Parliament is meeting there, giving MEPs a forum to quiz them on upcoming proposals for legislation. The Commission proposes new laws and rules, while the EP and the Council of ministers have the power to adapt and approve legislation.

Reflections on a changing institution
1979 marked the first direct elections to the European Parliament. In total 410 members from 9 countries were elected through universal suffrage.
The role of the European Parliament is key also for the ACP countries since it approves the EU development policy and the corresponding budget.
Louis Michel advocates greater involvement of civil society in the EU development policy

Speaking before the European Economic and Social Committee during the adoption of a key opinion on the future development policy, Louis Michel, the Commissioner for Development and Humanitarian Aid, advocated greater involvement of the civil society. During his speech on the "New EU Development Policy" Mr. Michel presented the Commission's Communication on promoting greater cohesion and coordination between EU and EU Member States' policies to make the EU development policy more efficient. With input from ILO and other international organisations, the document highlights the consultative function and the promotion of the social dialogue, especially in policies of particular interest to the civil society such as social cohesion and decent work. Mr. Michel is counting on the EESC "to support us in this work and assist us through stronger dialogue with the partner countries, including the economic and social partners".

The future development policy – viewpoints of civil society
Mr. Michel than attended a discussion on the Committee's opinion set out in "The Future EU Development Policy - Viewpoints of the Civil Society" prepared by Mr. ZUFIAUR (Group II, Wage-earners, Spain). In this opinion, the Committee proposes that the EU development policy be given the same status as the security policy.Considering the world's current globalisation, promotion of the European social model should be a central pillar in the EU development policy. The Committee feels that the reduction of subsidies would contribute considerably to the reduction of poverty. The EESC recommends the inclusion of a social dimension in association agreements between the EU and the various countries.
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