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December 2018
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EDITO
Wednesday, 19 December 2018
The European Commission and the UN Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) will hold a conference, from 9 to 11 November 2005 in Brussels, to assess the effects of development cooperation on efforts to promote gender equality and to eradicate poverty. The conference is being organised as a follow-up to three important events in 2005 that have linked commitments to gender equality with Millennium Development Goals: the 10-year review of the Beijing Platform for Action, the adoption of the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness and the 2005 UN Summit. Journalists are invited to a press briefing at the Renaissance Hotel in Brussels at 13.00 on Thursday 10 November by Lieve FRANSEN, Head of Unit for Human and Social Development and Gender Equality at DG Development and Noeleen HEYZER, Executive Director of UNIFEM.
Friday, 11 November 2005
Peter Mandelson, the EU Commissioner for Trade, participated in a confernece today on at the European Parliament on Trade, Poverty and Hunger. Find some extracts below:
How a trade round can deliver benefits that reduce poverty:
- by stimulating South-South trade, which requires the more advanced countries to reduce their tariffs. These tariffs have more impact on the poorest countries than they do on the economies of the developed world. Most tariffs in world trade are paid by developing countries to other developing countries ;
- by stimulating North–South trade, by urging all developed countries to follow the example of the EU’s Everything But Arms proposals. This will ensure that there is tariff and quota-free access world wide for everything, including agricultural products for the Least Developed Countries – these include three-quarters of African countries ;
- by ensuring as development friendly action as possible in particular critical sectors. For example, in cotton we should continue to press the US to change its policy by reducing subsidies to help Africa. We must also consider difficult sectors such as Sugar and Bananas where different developing countries are in very different positions and will need assistance that is specific to their needs – I strongly support generous financial help for the most vulnerable;
- by reducing, as we are, trade distorting agricultural subsidies as part of a comprehensive package. It is vital. This is a classic case where multilateral negotiation in the Doha Round provides vastly more development benefit than unilateral action ;
- by increasing market access while taking a responsible and cautious approach to removing preferences over time, and by avoiding the sort of wholesale “bonfire of the preferences” that would be involved in e.g. the US demands on agricultural market access;And finally, the opportunity to trade must be linked to the capacity to trade. That means building the infrastructure and the capacity for development - here the Commission has made credible Aid for Trade proposals.
On these key development issues we have announced our intentions at the G8 and now we must deliver by:
- Using Economic Partnership Agreements as the vehicle for linking progressive liberalisation with the capacity to trade, and by ensuring that development remains at the forefront of our ambitions for the Doha Round, and that the Hong Kong meeting, even if it does not deliver an ambitious outcome across the board, does produce a targeted and meaningful set of development measures.
Friday, 11 November 2005
In a speech to the Movement of French Business (MEDEF) on 3 November, EU Development Commissioner Louis Michel presented his strategy for Africa. During his talk, he called on French and European corporations to invest more in Africa. In this respect, he asserted that "development without private sector is just ineffective aid, charity".
According to Louis Michel, huge investments will be nessassary for many years to come to provide Africa with the needed infrastructure. "The key concept of this programme is interconnectivity, namely: the building of big transafrican communication networks such as railways, highways, harbours and airports, telecommunication networks, energy and water", he said. He also stated that particular attention will have to be paid to agriculture and to all the added value that this sector can bring (transformation industries, etc.).
Finally, Michel confirmed the creation of a permanent Euro-African economic forum, which will meet for the the first time next April. Its main objectives is to create effective partnerships between European and African companies and to promote the creation of SMEs that is particularly lacking in Africa.
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Commission and UN hold Conference to promote gender equality and eradicate poverty through Development policy
The European Commission and the UN Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) will hold a conference, from 9 to 11 November 2005 in Brussels, to assess the effects of development cooperation on efforts to promote gender equality and to eradicate poverty. The conference is being organised as a follow-up to three important events in 2005 that have linked commitments to gender equality with Millennium Development Goals: the 10-year review of the Beijing Platform for Action, the adoption of the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness and the 2005 UN Summit. Journalists are invited to a press briefing at the Renaissance Hotel in Brussels at 13.00 on Thursday 10 November by Lieve FRANSEN, Head of Unit for Human and Social Development and Gender Equality at DG Development and Noeleen HEYZER, Executive Director of UNIFEM.
Further to the pro-active actions that the European Commission has made since April in response to the evolving food security situation in Malawi the Commission has allocated a further €5,000,000 for emergency interventions to support the most vulnerable groups.
This aid is being provided through DG-ECHO, the Commission’s Humanitarian Aid department, which comes under the responsibility of Commissioner Louis Michel. The funds are being channelled through NGO’s and UN agencies and will cover a series of interventions such as nutrition, emergency water and sanitation, the provision of emergency agricultural inputs and logistics. DG ECHO-funded interventions will specifically aimed at preventing a further deterioration of the nutritional situation of the most vulnerable groups
This additional funding comes on top of, and will be complementary to, substantial EC contributions for food security interventions in Malawi of € 17.300.000, of which € 16.800.000 has been allocated for food aid and the remainder for safety net programmes. This is a demonstration of the EC’s multi-layered approach, which aims at supporting good sustainable policies as well as immediate relief.
The EC and other donors, working in partnership with the Government of Malawi, started mobilising in April to meet the anticipated shortfall. To date, donors and the Government of Malawi have mobilised 214,000 MT of maize, 18,000 MT of pulses in addition to $ 26 million. The Commission will continue to work in partnership with Government of Malawi to closely monitor the situation as it evolves and to respond accordingly.
Southern Africa faces a food security crisis compounded by political and economic issues. This crisis has to be seen from a broader angle, not only due to adverse weather conditions (droughts, floods) but also due to the political and economic circumstances in each of the affected countries and their combined impact in a regional context. Furthermore, the impact of the HIV/AIDs pandemic exacerbates not only the current situation but also the ability of the region to recover. The crisis has therefore a regional dimension in addition to a series of separate national crises.
This year Malawi has experienced the lowest crop production of the past 7 years causing the President of Malawi to declare a state of national disaster on 14th October 2005.
It is estimated that approximately 4.2 million people - 34 % of the population – have insufficient production or income to meet their minimum food requirements from now until the next harvest in March 2006. The shortfall in production has been compounded by increasing maize prices, which place access to food even further out of the reach of the most vulnerable households, many of whom are already affected and weakened by HIV and AIDS. The majority of those at risk are children.
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