Video guest: Josephine Mwangi

July 2018
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EDITO
Monday, 16 July 2018
Alliance 2015 second report, launched last week, provides a comparative assessment of progresses made by Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands and Czech Republic towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It is published alongside the release of the European Commission (EC) report on MDGs. The report contains six country chapters and one chapter exclusively dedicated to the EC aid programme. 2015- Watch methodology is based on the quality of donors’ development aid and their policy processes. To assess each country’s policy processes, the report analyses their:
- Legal and financial framework
- Budget allocations
- Procedures for programming and implementation
- Monitoring and evaluation of aid impact
2015-Watch main findings go beyond ranking levels of aid and which countries are performing better. On EU legal framework, it highlights that poverty eradication is identified as a primary objective for the Union’s development co-operation in the Constitutional Treaty. It also identifies which and how the 6 countries have framed the MDGs into their development policies, how this impacts their ODA budget allocation and the criteria being used to monitor its effectiveness. See full report attached.
Alliance2015 is a partnership of six like-minded non-government organizations working in the field of development cooperation. The Alliance members are Cesvi from Italy, Concern from Ireland, Deutsche Welthungerhilfe from Germany, Hivos from the Netherlands, Ibis from Denmark and, since November 2003, People in Need from the Czech Republic.
Saturday, 28 May 2005
Some of the conclusions of the EU external relations Council held in Brussels 24 May 2005 include:
Accelerating progress towards achieving the millenium development goals
The EU considers the development of Africa a priority and will strengthen its efforts tosupport African countries to reach the Millenium Development Goals (MDG). The EU will also strengthen its cooperation with the UN and other international partners to that end.
The EU will increase its financial assistance for Sub-Saharan Africa and will provide collectively at least 50% of the agreed increase of ODA resources to the continent while fully respecting individual Member States priorities’ in development assistance. All measures taken as regards policy coherence and quality of aid will be applicable to Sub-Saharan Africa as a priority.
The EU will increase its support to the capacity building of the African Union. It will support the implementation of reforms that the Africa Peer Review Mechanism will trigger, and invites the Commission to provide concrete proposals in this respect in order to ensure optimal EU coordination.The EU, in partnership with other donors, proposes to establish a Europe-Africa partnership on infrastructure, based on the AU/NEPAD strategies, including to support the establishment of sustainable trans-African networks essential for the interconnectivity of the continent.
Focussing on trade and regional integration as instruments for development, the Council remains committed to ensure that the EPA process is firmly focuses on accelerating development including the strengthening of the supply side capacity and competitiveness,
The European Union has agreed to increase public spending on development aid by 20 billion euros ($25 billion) over the next five years, reinforcing Europe's role as a leading donor to poorer countries. In a meeting of EU ministers for development in Brussels on Tuesday, the 25-nation bloc agreed to fix a target for development aid by 2010 of 0.56 percent of gross domestic product (GDP). The increase will bring EU aid from 46 billion euros in 2006 to 66 billion euros in 2010.
The EU's 15 older -- and richer -- member states are to make up the bulk of the effort to reach the objective with a commitment to raise development aid to 0.51 percent of GDP in 2010. The other 10 countries that joined the EU in May 2004, agreed to try to reach a target of 0.17 percent of GDP in 2010. While signing on to the deal, Germany, Italy and Portugal also stressed that they were having deep financial problems trying to meet EU deficit limits, an EU source told the AFP news agency. Looking further ahead, EU members agreed that public development aid should reach 0.7 percent of the EU's GDP by 2015, the EU's Luxembourg presidency announced Tuesday. The 0.7 percent objective is one of the targets laid out in the UN millennium goals fixed in 2000 with the aim of slashing the number of people living on less than a dollar a day by half by 2015.
French deputy minister for development Xavier Darcos said that France Germany and Spain were considering a plan to introduce a scheme for "voluntary contributions" to development aid on each airplane ticket. "We have to find more money. In a couple of years, innovative sources of funding will become common, mainly because we will not have enough public money," he said.
The scheme for voluntary contributions on airplane tickets comes after EU members failed to agree to an obligatory levy and a French-backed plan for an international tax on financial transactions was shot down.

UN praised the EU
United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan today praised the European Union's agreement to substantially boost its official development assistance (ODA) over the next decade, with half of the increase going to Africa.
"The Secretary-General notes that the EU decisions are well in line with the recommendations in his report 'In Larger Freedom,' and that they send a valuable message about the importance the EU attaches to the global partnership for development," a spokesman for Mr. Annan said in a statement released in New York.
That 50 per cent of the EU's agreed ODA increase will go to Africa "will make a real difference for millions of people on the continent, and provide a significant boost to efforts to reach the Millennium Development Goals by 2015," the spokesman added.
The statement said that all Member States which joined the EU before 2002 will reach the 0.7 per cent target for ODA as a percentage of gross national income by 2015, with an intermediate target of 0.51 per cent by 2010. Member States which joined the EU after 2002 will reach a 0.33 per cent target by 2015, with an intermediate target of 0.17 per cent by 2010.
According to the statement, the Secretary-General also praised the EU's agreements on debt relief, targets for improving aid effectiveness and the Doha trade negotiations.
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Thursday, 26 May 2005
EU launches “AthenaWeb” – a new professional portal for audiovisual scientific information – to boost science film production, circulation in Europe
Launched in close coordination with European science TV professionals and research organisations, AthenaWeb is a robust, user-friendly platform with innovative functionalities designed for the exclusive use of science communication professionals. A concrete response to well identified needs, AthenaWeb has five key objectives:
- to valorise existing science programming from all sources (broadcasters, independent producers, research organisations, industry) in Europe,
- to facilitate the development, production and circulation of new science television programmes,
- to facilitate new coproductions, through more efficient search for partners, and pooling of ideas and resources,
- to improve circulation and visibility of science and research news,
- to enhance networking between scientists and communication professionals.
Patrick Vittet-Philippe
Press and Information Officer
DG Research, European Commission
Tel: +32.2.2969056
Mobile + 32 477 274663
Email: patrick.vittet-philippe@cec.eu.int
Wednesday, 25 May 2005
Remarks of Peter Mandelson to the Trade Committee of the European Parliament

On Economic Partnership Agreements with the ACP countries, he noted good progress with all six regions, the EC immediate focus being on helping partners integrate their economies regionally: for the impetus given to growth of regional markets is one of the most important innovations of this EPA process.
Roadmaps will be tailored to the needs of each region. They cover capacity issues such as customs and revenue, trade facilitation, help with meeting standards and managing change in specific sectors. With some regions, if they wish, we are also discussing a broader agenda of trade in services, competition and investment policies, IPR issues and public procurement. The interests of our ACP partners are always put first.
Commissioner Mandelson reminded that EPA agenda is emphatically not about opening markets to our own exports: it is about opening European, as well as crucial regional markets to developing countries and enabling them to take advantage of these opportunities. To comply with our WTO obligations there has to be an element of reciprocity in these agreements, but there will be no equality in these obligations. Our ACP partners will only be expected to open their markets progressively over a long period, and only as their capacity to trade allows. And further access to our markets will be part of the package for ACP countries which are not LDCs.

Trade and development
In partnership with the ACP, a development review mechanism has been put in place to ensure that the support given for supply side development and regional integration actually translates into capacity building. He stressed that this is about building markets and the ability to trade, rather than opening markets to our own exports and that EPAs aim to be pro-development, pro-reform instruments.

The EU is both the world’s most open market for developing countries and their largest trading partner. This is the conclusion of a report published on May 23 by EU Trade Commissioner Peter Mandelson. The first of its kind, the report analyses developing countries’ access to the EU market between 1999-2003. It shows that almost half of the EU’s imports come from developing countries and that 79% of these imports enter the EU duty free or at reduced rates of duty.