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July 2018
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EDITO
Monday, 16 July 2018
EU Trade Commissioner Peter Mandelson in a Brussels conference on sanitary and phytosanitary rules has declared on Friday that international export and import standards need to be based on sound scientific evidence and the option “that restricts trade the least”. Commissioner Mandelson told an audience of MEPs, industry and Member State representatives that the EU needs to act more coherently to ensure market access for EU exports in the field of sanitary and phytosanitary products. The Commissioner argued that the EU needs to ensure that European and international standards are scientifically justified and that trade development assistance needs to be better used to help developing countries to meet those standards so they continue to benefit from access to the EU market.
Commissioner Mandelson said: “I am committed to open markets and clear regulatory frameworks. For European exporters that should mean transparent, scientifically justified standards applied in the same way by third countries to all Member States. The EU should use trade development assistance to help importers from poorer countries invest in the capacity to meet Europe’s standards and so not lose the advantage of trade with the EU.”
Commissioner Mandelson argued that market access for European Union’s exports could be better secured if we addressed problems relating to sanitary and phytosanitary standards in third countries with a single voice. He also said European diplomatic representations need more specific veterinary and phytosanitary experience to deal with what is a relatively new field of rule-making. Commisisoner Mandelson raised the possibility of the EU’s border inspection posts functioning as a single export certification service, and asked if Europe would not benefit from a single Veterinary and Plant Health service “from the standpoint of practical common sense, not starry-eyed integrationism”. He argued that a more co-ordinated export certifying system would give the EU a more coherent voice in negotiating on standards with its trading partners.
Commissioner Mandelson stressed the need to help poor exporters in the developing world build the long-term capacity to meet European and international standards through trade development assistance and better co-ordination between the WTO, the IMF and the World Bank. Commissioner Mandelson called for greater effort in developing internationally agreed sanitary and phytosanitary standards in close cooperation with developing countries.
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The Women and Science Unit in collaboration with the Statistical Correspondents of the Helsinki Group on Women and Science and Eurostat have been collecting data on women scientists for nearly 2 years. These pages contain consolidated statistical information from the cross-national perspective for all available years since 1990 on a variety of themes.
European research funding has been set aside for a huge consortium of partners who will develop new sustainability impact assessment tools for the forestry and forest-based sector, reports the lead partner, the Swedish Forestry Research Institute (Skogforsk).
Forest-based industries (FBI) provide direct employment and income for up to 3 million people in the European Union and account for close to 10% of the manufacturing industry's total production and value-added, according the European Commission’s FBI website. The EU forestry sector’s clients are mostly small and medium-sized local and national enterprises. Wealth creation through FBI is significantly above industry averages, the site adds.
This underscores the importance of making the sector efficient and environmentally sustainable. But to ensure this is the case in Europe, cutting edge research is critical. Research funding schemes, such as the Sixth Framework Programme (FP6), provide a platform and the right momentum for researchers and a bevy of different stakeholders to collaborate on major projects of value to Europe’s bottom line.
Five church leaders from Latin American, Africa and India are touring European capitals to meet officials and challenge G8 governments to increase their efforts towards the MDGs. Cardinals Oscar Andres Rodriguez Maradia from Honduras and Telesphore Toppo from India, and Archbishops Berhaneyesus Souraphiel from Ethiopia, Medardo Joseph Mazombwe from Zambia and John Onaiyekan from Nigeria started a 7-day tour in Berlin on Monday with a meeting with Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder. In a follow up, a declaration was released, in partnership with European church groups, to put pressure on the world’s richest countries to take urgent action to eradicate poverty by 2015 under the MDGs framework.
The group is meeting UK Finance Minister Gordon Brown and French authorities, before a meeting with José Manuel Barroso, European Commissioner, on Monday, in Brussels. A press conference is scheduled to happen in Brussels on Monday, 30th, in the morning.
the world. The newly approved funding of EUR 660,000 is for the two-year FLOSSWorld project, Europe's first initiative to support international research and policy development on 'free/libre/open source software'.
FLOSSWorld is coordinated by the Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT) at the University of Maastricht in the Netherlands. The grant will be shared by countries including Argentina, Brazil, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, India, Malaysia and South Africa.
The research will focus on three areas: the impact of free and open-source software on skills development and its ability to affect economics and generate employment; regional differences in software development; and attitudes of governments and public sector organisations to using open source