Video guest: Josephine Mwangi

May 2018
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Monday, 21 May 2018
Innovation Policy in Europe 2004 is the latest edition of the annual policy synthesis report of the TrendChart initiative managed by the Directorate-General for Enterprise and Industry.The report provides an overview of innovation challenges and policy trends in the 25 European Union Member States, eight Associate and Accession Countries and three economic zones namely NAFTA, MEDA and ASIA. It highlights the different key innovation policy challenges in the EU and provides examples of good policy responses. As well as providing an overview of innovation policy fields where good progress has been made towards the Lisbon objective, the report highlights what remains to be done It confirms that innovation has become a matter of high policy priority in many countries and that different approaches exist to cope with the identified policy challenges. The report will further stimulate the search for best solutions and encourage cooperation in the field of innovation policy.
Wednesday, 06 April 2005
Food and Feed Operators are reminded of their responsibilities for food safety.
The key obligations of food and feed operators when it comes to food safety have been outlined in a new leaflet by the Commission. The aim of the leaflet is to remind operators that, under EU Food Law, they have binding responsibilities for food put on the EU market. It will also provide consumers with a readable outline of what they should expect from food operators. The document sets out the obligations under seven headings:
- Safety
- Responsibility
- Traceability
- Transparency
- Emergency
- Prevention
- Cooperation
As the internet develops from an information source to a place for e-transactions, European researchers are exploring the psychological impact of websites and why people trust one site over another. One such study, by British psychologists, explores how trustworthy people find different health advice websites.Psychologists in Europe are discovering what people look for when deciding whether or not a website offers trustworthy health advice and why people sometimes reject advice from some of the better-known sources.
In a project supported by the UK’s Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) – a research funding and training agency – under its e-Society initiative, researchers from different universities in England studied the internet habits of 15 women who were considering taking hormone replacement therapy over a period of six months.The study, carried out by Professor Pamela Briggs and Dr Liz Sillence of Northumbria University’s PACT Lab, together with colleagues at both Northumbria and Sheffield Universities, is being presented, in the first week of April, at the British Psychological Society (BPS) Conference at the University of Manchester.
ropean Medicines Agency (EMEA) is a decentralised body of the European Union with headquarters in London.
Its main responsibility is the protection and promotion of public and animal health, through the evaluation and supervision of medicines for human and veterinary use. The EMEA coordinates the evaluation and supervision of medicinal products throughout the European Union. The Agency brings together the scientific resources of the 25 EU Member States in a network of 42 national competent authorities. It cooperates closely with international partners, reinforcing the EU contribution to global harmonisation.
In 2001, the Committee on Orphan Medicinal Products (COMP) was established, charged with reviewing designation applications from persons or companies who intend to develop medicines for rare diseases (so-called ‘orphan drugs’). The Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products (HMPC) was established in 2004 and provides scientific opinions on traditional herbal medicines.A network of some 3,500 European experts underpins the scientific work of the EMEA anA new section of the EMEA website has been created to highlight the Agency's activities relating to its implementation of the new EU pharmaceutical legislation. The section provides overview information and a release schedule for documents and guidelines being drafted during the year as part of the implementation process. EMEA stakeholders and interested parties will be requested to provide their comments on these draft documents and guidelines during the consultation periods specified. Consultations are expected to start from March 2005.
Achieving innovation in Europe depends on retaining and attracting more researchers. Among other objectives, this means improving European researchers’ work conditions and encouraging more professional mobility – strong reasons behind the Commission’s new recommendation for a Charter and Code of Conduct for Researchers.Unveiled on 11 March by Science and Research Commissioner Janez Potoznik, the European Charter for Researchers and accompanying Code of Conduct for recruiting researchers create a blueprint for improving Europe’s research network, the quality of research and development and the conditions under which researchers will deliver the best results.

It is not just a question of spending more on research but also improving scientists’ work facilities, mobility, employment conditions and their opportunities to branch out into related areas of activity. It is crucial to address the status of researchers, said Commissioner Potoznik, adding that Europe must ensure that, wherever they work, “researchers are treated with the respect and esteem they deserve.”

Europe needs to produce an additional 700 000 research-related jobs, the estimated minimum needed to help the EU reach its Lisbon and Barcelona targets – to be the world’s knowledge powerhouse by 2010 and for Member States to spend 3% of gross domestic product on research to achieve this.

It has made some progress in recent years, but still lags the United States and Japan in terms of the number of researchers in the general workforce. Effort is needed to cut red tape and to address the lack of mobility, the poor gender balance, the problem of overworked and underpaid personnel and the rigidities of tenure systems at institutions and universities that discourage risk-taking or unorthodox career moves, the Charter stresses.