Video guest: Josephine Mwangi

May 2018
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EDITO
Monday, 21 May 2018
This External Trade on line forum offers you the opportunity to give your opinion on this appellation of origin and geographical indications issue. It gives you the floor to ask questions and provide comments to External Trade experts or to the other contributors to the forum. Geographical Indications may be the future of many of us. Welcome on board.
Until 15th July 2005
Thursday, 30 June 2005
Africa and the challenges of globalisation
Oral questions by Luisa MORGANTINI (GUE/NGL, IT) to the Council and Commission on the Global Call to Action Against Poverty: Making Poverty History
Debate : 06.07.2005
Jack STRAW, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, and Hilary BENN, Secretary of State for International Development, will represent the Council in a debate with MEPs on World Action Against Poverty. The Council and Commission will make statements on Africa and the challenge of globalisation.
Luisa MORGANTINI (GUE/NGL, IT), Chair of the Development Committee of the European Parliament, will be asking the Commission the following question:
The campaign Global Call to Action Against Poverty was launched by President Lula of Brazil at the opening of the World Social Forum in January 2005. Nelson Mandela launched the campaign in the UK in February 2005. The campaign objectives can be summarised in three points: increase in the quantity and quality of aid; debt cancellation; fair trade.
The campaign has been rightly launched during a year that will be a crucial one for the fight against poverty in the world: the annual G8 Summit in July (Scotland), with Africa as one of its priority items on the agenda; the UN High Level Plenary Meeting in September (New York), with a major review of the UN Millennium Declaration's implementation and of MDGs progress; the WTO Ministerial Conference in December 2005, a potentially decisive step in getting the Doha Development Round back on track. These three major international meetings illustrate the importance of 2005 for the fight against poverty.
Following the three communications presented by the Commission in April (the ‘MDGs package’), and in the light of the 16-17 June European Council conclusions, where Member States committed themselves to an intermediate ODA target for 2010 (0.51% of GNI for ‘old’ Member States and 0.17% of GNI for ‘new’ Member States), how will the EU Presidency ensure the monitoring and follow-up of these commitments? What concrete steps will the Presidency take in order to implement the Council Conclusions of November 2004 concerning harmonisation of rules and procedures and to implement the proposals made by the Commission to increase coordination and complementarity?
The debate on untying aid is well advanced as far as EU assistance managed by the EC is concerned. But what about ODA managed by national development agencies? What concrete steps will the Presidency take to ensure that the untying of aid as a principle is adopted by all EU Member States? What position on debt relief will the EU Presidency, now also chairing the G8, defend? What steps will the Presidency take concerning the International Financial Facility and other innovative sources of financing for development? Will the Presidency encourage the Commission to translate the proposed focus on Africa into concrete ODA percentages and targets?
The Chair of the Development Council will also be asking the Commission the following question:
What is the preliminary assessment of the Commission concerning the response by EU Member States on the MDGs package?
The Commission intends to improve policy coherence by reinforcing the impact assessment mechanism (developed in 2000). What does this imply exactly? Will the Commission follow the Swedish example, where every initiative adopted by the Government includes a development impact assessment? Will the Commission implement the suggestion of proposing the introduction of a development box in the WTO Agreement on Agriculture? Will the Commission translate the proposed focus on Africa into concrete percentages and targets?
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Report on the impact of the lending activities of the European Community in developing countries
Debate : 06.07.2005
The Development Committee of the European Parliament is calling for greater synchronisation of aid activities in the European Union in a draft report by Gabriele ZIMMER (GUE/NGL, DE) which will now be debated by the full Parliament. Through stronger cooperation between the development activities of the European Investment Bank (EIB) and those of the Commission and Member states, MEPs in the committee hope to achieve important objectives of harmonising and increasing the efficiency of development policy measures. Although the EIB has made progress in following development policies of the European Union, the committee still believes that the EIB instruments lack flexibility and contain problems with project evaluation.
In general, the committee finds that there is a lack of dialogue between the European institutions and the EIB, and calls for greater cooperation not only with the Commission and the Parliament, but also other development agencies. MEPs in the committee also call for the EIB to coordinate its "objectives, criteria and methodology also with the European Development Finance Institutions" as well as to cooperate within the Interact Network in order to guarantee that EIB funding is complementing the measures taken by the Commission and by the Member States.
MEPs in the committee want to see a greater coherence between European aid programmes, integrating European development policies, such as the Millennium Development Goals set in September 2000 and the Cotonou agreement, under the EIB's policies.
In the assessment and evaluation area, MEPs in the committee want the EIB to adopt the key indicators defined by the Commission and to integrate them into its Development Assessment Framework and also to "align its 'Development Impact Assessment Framework of Investment Facility Projects' to international standards of development assessment." This in order to better evaluate the success of its projects.
MEPs in the committee also call for more instruments aimed at stimulating SME investments and encouraging entrepreneurship, especially among women. Efforts to integrate environmental objectives are also mentioned in the report, encouraging the EIB to lend money to projects focusing on protecting natural environments, assessing hydro-power projects and promoting projects for renewable energy.
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The European Commission tabled, today, a Communication designed to launch a debate on the best way ahead regarding the eco-labelling of fisheries products. This initiative follows the growing interest by environmental Non-Governmental Organisations and increased public interest in food products associated with considerations related to environmental sustainability. A number of eco-labelling schemes have already been established with regard to fisheries products and other initiatives are being developed. It is not always easy to establish how reliable some eco-labelling claims are. International guidelines on eco-labelling have recently been adopted by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and discussions on these issues and their potential effects on free trade areas are progressing in other international fora such as the World Trade Organisation (WTO). The European Commission is committed to the integration of the environmental dimension into fisheries and wants to make the most of eco-labelling of fish and fisheries products. The Commission, therefore, looks at three possible options to develop this concept further in the Union. The first involves retaining the status-quo and leaving these schemes develop freely. The second relates to the creation of a single EU eco-labelling scheme and the third would involve the establishment of EU minimum requirements for voluntary eco-labelling schemes. The Commission believes that the last one would be the most appropriate. The debate on these issues will now start with the other EU institutions and with stakeholders.

Joe Borg, Commissioner for Fisheries and Maritime Affairs, commented: “Such schemes have a positive role to play by helping to increase the integration of environmental protection into fisheries. This would benefit the fisheries sector itself as its future depends on a healthy and sustainable marine environment”.

The experience gained from existing private eco-labelling or equivalent schemes have shown the advantages and drawbacks of such labels in particular with respect to trade, consumer policy and sustainability impacts. This experience will be worth listening to in the forthcoming debate.

The Commission believes that the Union should have a coherent policy on eco-labelling for fish and fisheries products. The aims of this policy would be to further sustainable fisheries and adequate protection for the ecosystem, a harmonised approach to eco-labelling throughout the Union, the provision of transparent and objective information to consumers, fair competition, open access and development and trade.

Despite some advantages in leaving things as they are, the Commission believes that the potential risks arising from the absence of a clear Union approach should be addressed. It looks therefore at the possibility of setting a European Union eco-labelling scheme but concludes that it is neither appropriate nor practical at this point in time. It favours instead the establishment of minimum requirements for voluntary eco-labelling schemes.
Wednesday, 29 June 2005
Germany has questioned a British proposal that the G8 nations double their development aid. Chancellor Schröder's Africa advisor said that a sudden increase in foreign aid to African countries would be counterproductive.
Leaders at the upcoming G8 summit in Gleneagles, Scotland will also be discussing how to help Africa defeat poverty and embark on a journey of rapid growth. Britain is expected to put forward a plan envisaging the doubling of development aid to Africa to $25 billion (20.6 billion euros) in the near future.

But German Chancellor Gerhard Schröder's advisor on Africa policy, Uschi Eid, said the plan does not come at the right time.

"Without strong institutions and professional capacities, a doubling of aid is not very useful," Eid said. "Of course, we want to double development assistance to Africa. But this must be done step by step to be able to make the reforms work and to make sure the necessary infrastructure is put in place."
Eid was speaking after a meeting with Wiseman Nkuhlu, the executive director of Africa's homegrown NEPAD initiative, in Berlin on Monday.

Fragile reforms in Africa
Founded in 2001, NEPAD aims to revitalize the continent's ailing economy by attracting private investors with progress in conflict resolution and improved transparency. The organization received full backing from the Group of Eight in 2002 and pledges from rich countries to support the initiative with billions of dollars in financial aid.
Eid said that enormous progress had been made in a number of countries under the NEPAD initiative. Germany's plan to double aid to Africa in the next 10 years, she said, was better suited to achieve the ambitious goals in health, education and poverty reduction. But Nkuhlu disagreed.
"I'm convinced that there's a large number of African countries that can absorb increased levels of development assistance," Nkuhlu said. He said it was critical that industrialized nations strongly aid those countries that are making progress.
"But the reforms in a number of countries in Africa are still very fragile because the majority of African countries are too poor to really deliver on promises to their people," he added.

Better access to markets
Nkuhlu said he hoped that the issue of increased assistance would be on the agenda in Gleneagles regardless of the resistance of some industrialized countries. He said it was now critically important that the G8 pledged further support for the reform process in Africa.
"The question of access to markets is also critical," Nkuhlu said. "Africa needs to increase production. That's a major issue in terms of progress."

Germany has supported NEPAD with 2.5 billion euros over the past three years. It is especially active in the field of conflict resolution, promoting good governance, water management and private sector investment.
The German government, however, wants to see greater progress in the field of political reforms and democracy. Eid praised NEPAD's peer review mechanism under which African countries assess each other's performance in these areas. She stressed, though, that recent delays in the publication of the first national reports regarding Ghana and Rwanda must be made up for quickly.
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