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November 2017
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EDITO
Monday, 20 November 2017
New website launched, covering issues of the Commission's multi-annual spending plans for financing long-term EU activities.
It covers :competitiveness,cohesion, natural resources, citizens and the World.
In terms of development coopertaion, under the EU as a global partner,action is proposed to improve the coherence and effectiveness of external action including a rise in funding from 9.3% of the EU budget in 2006 to 9.9% of in 2013.
It is proposed to simplify and rationalise the financial instruments through which the EU delivers its policies, condensing over 30 legislative instruments into just six, of which four are new. The new instruments are: the Development Cooperation and Economic Co-operation Instrument, for the drive to raise living conditions world-wide; the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument, to build closer relations with our nearest neighbours (including Russia), the Pre Accession Instrument, assisting EU candidate countries (Turkey and Croatia) and potential candidates on the road toward membership; and the Instrument for Stability, a new mechanism to tackle crisis and instability in third countries.Two existing instruments - Humanitarian Aid and Macro Financial Assistance – will continue as before.
Thursday, 07 April 2005
The report argues that genuine ownership and accountability require information sharing as well as adequate evaluation and impact assessment of development aid. The gender index, developed by Social Watch, which measures progress or regression on gender quality indicators linked to the MDGs, is proposed as an instrument that can be used to measure actual impact.The report identifies key areas where gender strategies can be strengthened in international efforts to eradicate poverty and notes the following:
- Gender mainstreaming has emerged as the most prominent strategy for promoting gender equality in development cooperation. However, this strategy appears to be frequently misunderstood. Rather than being presented as a strategy tto achieve gender equality, at times it iis presented as an objective in itself.
- Tracking financial resources allocated to the promotion of gender equality in development cooperation is difficult.
- There is “policy evaporation”: strong political commitments to gender equality in development co-operation often do not translate into any effective visibility at other stages of the policy process-budgetary allocation, programming, implementation and evaluation.
- New aid mechanisms, that provide the mechanisms for the new aid architecture, such as Sector Wide Approaches (SWAPs) and budget support, offer an important opportunity to strengthen gender perspectives in development cooperation.
However, both can lead to a further deprioritization of gender equality.
The principles of ownership and internal accountability are identified as key principles of the underling aims of the new aid modalities.
The report concludes that the new aid architecture has few, if any, mechanisms for accountability and even less mechanisms for the implementation of national obligations to gender equality. This is creating a gender-apartheid in the aid architecture. Without adequate authority for ensuring institutional accountability inside donor agencies, commitments to gender equality will not be realised.
What is the Financial Framework?
It is a multi annual spending plan that translates into financial terms the Union's policy priorities. It sets limits on European Union expenditure over a fixed period and thus imposes budgetary discipline. It groups EU activities into broad categories of expenditure, called "headings", and lays down maximum amounts for each heading for each year. The EU annual budget has to respect those maximum amounts or ceilings.

New proposals for growth and jobs under the next Financial Framework 2007-13
Today the European Commission adopted the last package of detailed proposals, linked to the next Financial Framework 2007-2013. The proposals flesh out the Union’s priorities on a range of vital areas such as research - to strengthen the Union’s competitiveness - citizenship, freedom, security and justice and health and consumer protection - to make the European Union a safer place to live in - and a reform to achieve sustainable fisheries. The estimated cost of the package is €93billion and is already included in the proposal for a new Financial Framework adopted by the Commission last year. The current revenue ceiling is thereby kept intact. The package completes the proposals from July and September 2004 and is the last needed for the Council and the European Parliament to reach an agreement on the next Financial Framework.
The proposals adopted today by the Commission are focused on three of the five main groups of activities, the so called headings, in the new Financial Framework; Competitiveness for growth and employment, Citizenship, freedom, security and justice and Preservation and management of natural resources.
Specific parts interesting more our partners ind eveloping countries:
New Framework programmes for Research
The proposal for the next Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development has a high degree of continuity with the ongoing programme, at the same time providing new impetus to realise EU goals. The Framework Programme will be composed of four specific programmes:
The Co-operation programme will foster collaboration between industry and academia across Europe to gain leadership in key technology areas.
The Ideas programme, implemented by the European Research Council will support frontier research on the sole basis of scientific excellence. The People programme will give significant support for mobility and career development of researchers, both within and from outside Europe. The Capacities programme will help develop the capacities that Europe needs to be a thriving knowledge-based economy, including for the first time support to large-scale research facilities at European level. The programme will also be made more attractive and easier for participants, through a flexible use of funding and a determined simplification of procedures and administration.
The total proposed budget for research for the period 2007-2013 is €67.8billion.
The Commission will make a statement on the fight against malaria in the light of the ongoing difficulties in bringing the disease under control. The statement will be made less than 2 weeks before Africa Malaria Day on April 25 and as the World Malaria Report 2005 is due to be launched in May. The EU's warning to Uganda over its use of the controversial DDT pesticide for malaria control has further raised the profile of this major public health issue.

The Roll Back Malaria Partnership seeks to halve the malaria burden by 2010. The European Union is an important player in this field, beyond its contribution to the Global Fund Against Aids, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM) set up in 2001 by the UN. The Community implements assistance programmes and works in partnership with developing countries in the context of poverty reduction and disease control and prevention. Research and Development funding under the EDCTP Programme, set at up to €200m over a five year period, and a €351m aid package until 2007 for poverty diseases makes the EU a major donor of development aid.
On 14 January 2004, Parliament adopted a resolution on the Commission communication on the update of the EC Programme for Action. While endorsing the intention to provide incentives to the European pharmaceutical industry for R&D for poverty-related diseases, Parliament called for a scaling-up of the response to the three diseases within its 2006-2011 Financial Perspectives.
Member of Parliament Glenys KINNOCK (PES, UK), for the Development Committee, will be tabling a draft own-initiative report on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The committee emphasises that poverty reduction through the achievement of the MDGs and the Millennium Declaration must be recognised unambiguously as the overarching framework for EU development policy and that this must be reflected clearly in all relevant policy and legislative proposals; but believes that the MDGs should not be seen as a technical matter which will be resolved simply by providing more money without identifying and tackling the underlying causes of poverty.
MEPs in the committee commend those Member States that have reached or passed 0.7% GNI, whilst noting the worrying trend set by some to begin a process of decreasing aid levels, as well as abandoning previous commitments on timetables. The committee stresses that although the EU seems currently on target for its intermediary objective of 0.39% of GNI for Official Development Assistance (ODA) in 2006, there are large disparities in the performance of its Member States and therefore calls on those Members States still lagging behind to commit themselves to a clear timetable and deadlines for reaching the 0.7% target before 2015.
The Development Committee believes that it is an illusion to achieve the MDG of halving poverty and hunger by 2015, providing free education for all and improving access to health care while developing countries spend four times more on repaying debts than they spend on basic social services.
The eight Goals identified in 2000 and to be realised by 2015 are:
- Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
- Achieve universal primary education
- Promote gender equality and empower women
- Reduce child mortality
- Improve maternal health
- Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
- Ensure environmental sustainability
- Develop a global partnership for development
In September 2005, in New York, the EU will participate in a special session of the United Nations to evaluate the progress in accomplishing the MDGs.