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Wednesday, 18 October 2017
Over the next two decades the total population of the EU25 is expected to increase by more than 13 million inhabitants, from 456.8 million on 1 January 2004 to 470.1 million on 1 January 2025.
Population growth in the EU25 until 2025 will be mainly due to net migration, since total deaths in the EU25 will outnumber total births from 2010. The effect of net migration will no longer outweigh the natural decrease after 2025, when the population will start to decline gradually. The population will reach 449.8 million on 1 January 2050, that is a decrease of more than 20 million inhabitants compared to 2025. Over the whole projection period the EU25 population will decrease by 1.5%, resulting from a 0.4% increase for the EU15 and a 11.7% decrease for the ten new Member States. The share of the population of working age (between 15 and 64) in the total population is expected to decrease strongly in the EU25, from 67.2% in 2004 to 56.7% in 2050, that is a fall of 52 million inhabitants of working age. The share of the population aged between 0 and 14 will also be reduced, from 16.4% in 2004 to 13.4% in 2050, while the proportion of elderly people (aged 65 and more) is expected to almost double over th is period, from 16.4% in 2004 to 29.9% in 2050. Between 2004 and 2050, the largest declines are expected to be observed in most of the new Member States: Latvia ( -19.2%), Estonia (-16.6%), Lithuania (-16.4%), the Czech Republic (-12.9%), Hungary and Slovakia (both -11.9%), and Poland ( -11.8%). Over the whole period, the strongest increases will be recorded in Luxembourg (+42.3%), Ireland (+36.0%), Cyprus (+33.5%) and Malta (+27.1%). In absolute terms the largest population decreases are expected in Germany (-7.9 million), followed by Italy (-5.2 million) and Poland ( -4.5 million), while the highest rises are expected in France (+ 5.8 million) , the United Kingdom (+4.7 million) and Ireland (+1.5 million).
This issue has to be linked to our previous news on migration in Europe.
On 6 April the European Commission adopted a proposal for a new EU programme for Research (FP7). The proposal provides new impetus to increase Europe’s growth and competitiveness, recognising that knowledge is Europe’s greatest resource. The programme places greater emphasis than in the past on research that is relevant to the needs of European industry, to help it compete internationally, and develop its role as a world leader in certain sectors. The programme will also for the first time provide support for the best in European investigator-driven research, with the creation of a European Research Council.
A key feature of the new programme will be a significant simplification of its operation. Measures are being considered, in line with the future revision of the Financial Regulation, to make the programme as straightforward as possible for potential participants. The programme will have more focus than in the past on developing research that responds to the needs of European industry, through the work of Technology Platforms and the new Joint Technology Initiatives. These will be projects in fields of major European public interest on subjects identified through dialogue with industry, in particular in the European Technology Platforms. The programme will establish for the first time a European Research Council, funding the best of European science, as assessed by peer review of European scientists. Another new element will be the development of regions of knowledge, bringing together research partners – such as universities, research centres, enterprises and regional authorities - in a region to strengthen their research potential. The programme will also comprise a Risk-Sharing Finance Facility aimed at fostering private investment in research by improving access to European Investment Bank (EIB) loans for large European research actions. This mechanism will enable broader EIB lending to RTD actions.
Friday, 08 April 2005
New website launched, covering issues of the Commission's multi-annual spending plans for financing long-term EU activities.
It covers :competitiveness,cohesion, natural resources, citizens and the World.
In terms of development coopertaion, under the EU as a global partner,action is proposed to improve the coherence and effectiveness of external action including a rise in funding from 9.3% of the EU budget in 2006 to 9.9% of in 2013.
It is proposed to simplify and rationalise the financial instruments through which the EU delivers its policies, condensing over 30 legislative instruments into just six, of which four are new. The new instruments are: the Development Cooperation and Economic Co-operation Instrument, for the drive to raise living conditions world-wide; the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument, to build closer relations with our nearest neighbours (including Russia), the Pre Accession Instrument, assisting EU candidate countries (Turkey and Croatia) and potential candidates on the road toward membership; and the Instrument for Stability, a new mechanism to tackle crisis and instability in third countries.Two existing instruments - Humanitarian Aid and Macro Financial Assistance – will continue as before.
Thursday, 07 April 2005
The report argues that genuine ownership and accountability require information sharing as well as adequate evaluation and impact assessment of development aid. The gender index, developed by Social Watch, which measures progress or regression on gender quality indicators linked to the MDGs, is proposed as an instrument that can be used to measure actual impact.The report identifies key areas where gender strategies can be strengthened in international efforts to eradicate poverty and notes the following:
- Gender mainstreaming has emerged as the most prominent strategy for promoting gender equality in development cooperation. However, this strategy appears to be frequently misunderstood. Rather than being presented as a strategy tto achieve gender equality, at times it iis presented as an objective in itself.
- Tracking financial resources allocated to the promotion of gender equality in development cooperation is difficult.
- There is “policy evaporation”: strong political commitments to gender equality in development co-operation often do not translate into any effective visibility at other stages of the policy process-budgetary allocation, programming, implementation and evaluation.
- New aid mechanisms, that provide the mechanisms for the new aid architecture, such as Sector Wide Approaches (SWAPs) and budget support, offer an important opportunity to strengthen gender perspectives in development cooperation.
However, both can lead to a further deprioritization of gender equality.
The principles of ownership and internal accountability are identified as key principles of the underling aims of the new aid modalities.
The report concludes that the new aid architecture has few, if any, mechanisms for accountability and even less mechanisms for the implementation of national obligations to gender equality. This is creating a gender-apartheid in the aid architecture. Without adequate authority for ensuring institutional accountability inside donor agencies, commitments to gender equality will not be realised.
What is the Financial Framework?
It is a multi annual spending plan that translates into financial terms the Union's policy priorities. It sets limits on European Union expenditure over a fixed period and thus imposes budgetary discipline. It groups EU activities into broad categories of expenditure, called "headings", and lays down maximum amounts for each heading for each year. The EU annual budget has to respect those maximum amounts or ceilings.

New proposals for growth and jobs under the next Financial Framework 2007-13
Today the European Commission adopted the last package of detailed proposals, linked to the next Financial Framework 2007-2013. The proposals flesh out the Union’s priorities on a range of vital areas such as research - to strengthen the Union’s competitiveness - citizenship, freedom, security and justice and health and consumer protection - to make the European Union a safer place to live in - and a reform to achieve sustainable fisheries. The estimated cost of the package is €93billion and is already included in the proposal for a new Financial Framework adopted by the Commission last year. The current revenue ceiling is thereby kept intact. The package completes the proposals from July and September 2004 and is the last needed for the Council and the European Parliament to reach an agreement on the next Financial Framework.
The proposals adopted today by the Commission are focused on three of the five main groups of activities, the so called headings, in the new Financial Framework; Competitiveness for growth and employment, Citizenship, freedom, security and justice and Preservation and management of natural resources.
Specific parts interesting more our partners ind eveloping countries:
New Framework programmes for Research
The proposal for the next Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development has a high degree of continuity with the ongoing programme, at the same time providing new impetus to realise EU goals. The Framework Programme will be composed of four specific programmes:
The Co-operation programme will foster collaboration between industry and academia across Europe to gain leadership in key technology areas.
The Ideas programme, implemented by the European Research Council will support frontier research on the sole basis of scientific excellence. The People programme will give significant support for mobility and career development of researchers, both within and from outside Europe. The Capacities programme will help develop the capacities that Europe needs to be a thriving knowledge-based economy, including for the first time support to large-scale research facilities at European level. The programme will also be made more attractive and easier for participants, through a flexible use of funding and a determined simplification of procedures and administration.
The total proposed budget for research for the period 2007-2013 is €67.8billion.