Video guest: Josephine Mwangi

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Friday, 20 April 2018
The 2676th Council Meeting Agriculture and Fisheries held in Brussels, 18 July 2005 discussed the admission of third-country nationals to carry out scientific research in the UE.
The Council adopted a recommendation to facilitate the issue by member states of uniform shortstay visas for researchers from third countries (3621/1/05. The recommendation is aimed at consolidating the European research policy with a view to the achievement of the objectives of the Lisbon economic reform strategy. The recommendation covers only the area of uniform visas issued for a total period of no more than three months and calls on member states to adopt measures facilitating the entry and movement of researchers who are nationals of third countries subject to a visa requirement under regulation no 539/2001.
The recommendation will be completed by two other texts : a directive establishing procedure for admitting third-country nationals for purposes of scientific research and a recommendation to facilitate the admission of third-country nationals to carry out scientific research in the EU.
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Tuesday, 19 July 2005
Benchmarks for Pro Development- Report from ICTSD and Aprodev
What do people mean when they say that trade should promote development? What is their understanding of development? Is it poverty reduction, economic growth, or pro-poor growth (however this might be defined)? Is analysis made of the effects of various trade regimes on different groups in society, urban-rural, poor women and men? Produced jointly by ICTSD and APRODEV, this report tries to go beyond the rhetoric and makes proposals for the practical integration of development perspectives in the EPA negotiations. The Cape Town Declaration, unanimously adopted by the ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly in March 2002, called for the establishment of development benchmarks against which to assess the conduct and outcome of the ACP-EU trade negotiations. This report aims to meet the challenge laid down by the Cape Town Declaration by formulating a number of such benchmarks. It does not make a case for delaying or accelerating the EPA negotiations but focuses on ensuring that EPAs can be used as an instrument to work towards the Millennium Development Goals and beyond. As many areas and issues still have to be worked out in more detail, this report does not represent the final word on how to include development perspectives in the EPA negotiations. It is hoped, however, that the report’s main message – to apply a benchmark approach in monitoring the EPA negotiations – finds an open ear with the ACP and EU negotiators. More broadly, the benchmark approach could also be applied to other international negotiations where asymmetry between developed and developing parties justifies special efforts to ensure trade liberalisation works in favour of sustainable human development.
The presentation today of the European Commission communication on the EU’s future Development Policy is timely given that Europe is trying to reconnect with its people. With nine out of ten Europeans believing that helping people in poor countries is important they hope that the EU will provide leadership in building a better, more inclusive world which honours shared values and recognises shared responsibilities. “Ordinary European people do demonstrate their solidarity with victims of disaster and injustice, as shown in the spontaneous and overwhelming response to the Indian Ocean tsunami,” said Simon Stocker, Director of Eurostep. “These expressions of solidarity underline the need for the EU to work for a fairer world in which injustices and inequalities are abolished, women empowered, human rights respected and the environment protected”.
In particular, the General Affairs and External Relations Council meeting held in Brussels on 18 July 2005.
"The Council discussed preparations for the United Nations Summit to be held from 14 to 16 September 2005. The Council welcomed the Commission Communication – “The 2005 UN Summit: Addressing the global challenges and making a success of a reformed UN” - as an important contribution in shaping the European Union's aspirations for the Summit. The Council recalled the European Union's recent decision on increasing aid volumes and effectiveness, enhancing policy coherence for development, and focusing on Africa, and welcomed the commitments made at the G8 meeting in Gleneagles.
The Council emphasises the importance of:
- more and better aid, including debt relief and innovative sources of funding for development, to meet the ODA objectives and the Millennium Development Goals and other existing commitments from major international conferences and recalls the EU's recent commitments to increase levels of ODA;
- good governance, the social dimension of globalisation, and the special needs of Africa;
- international trade as an engine for development, the call for rapid completion of the Doha Development Round, and the call for market access for LDCs;
- its conclusions of 24 May, which inter alia highlight the importance of an intensified multisectoral response to HIV/AIDS as laid down in the European Programme for Action to confront HIV/AIDS. The EU further recognises that the MDGs cannot be attained without progress in achieving the Cairo goal of universal sexual and reproductive health and rights;
- the need to make progress on environmental sustainability issues such as climate change and biodiversity, and a more coherent institutional framework of international environmental governance built on existing institutions including through launching a process leading to the
creation of United Nations Environment Organisation.
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“Intelligent energy production and consumption will change the European energy landscape forever”. This is the core message of the Sustainable Energy Europe campaign that the European Commission launched today, and which will last until 2008. This action is set to contribute to meeting EU energy policy aims: an increase in the share of renewable energy up to 12% by 2010, together with substantial savings in energy consumption that have been estimated in the recently adopted Green Paper on Energy Efficiency at 20% by 2020. Energy Commissioner Andris Piebalgs on launching the campaign said: “This campaign will promote better living standards, stimulate economic growth, create jobs and enhance the competitive position of European industry on world markets.”

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