Video guest: Josephine Mwangi

November 2017
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EDITO
Monday, 20 November 2017
The world's richest countries agreed to write off the debt owed by 18 mainly African countries.
Mr Blair will hold talks in Luxembourg whose presidency of the EU the UK will take over in July. Under the package agreed by G8 finance ministers meeting in London on Saturday, the world's richest countries said they would write off the $40bn (£22bn; 33bn euros) debt owed to them.
The World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and the African Development Fund will immediately write off 100% of the money owed them by nations including Benin, Bolivia, Ethiopia and Ghana. The end will not be achieved until we have the complete package... of debt cancellation, doubling of aid, and trade justice

Singer Bob Geldof, who has organised the global Live 8 concerts to highlight global poverty and put pressure on the G8 to act, hailed the deal as "the beginning". But he added: "The end will not be achieved until we have the complete package... of debt cancellation, doubling of aid, and trade justice."
Archbishop Desmond Tutu, a veteran of the fight against apartheid in South Africa, said: "It is a splendid start and one hopes that they will, from here, go on to cancel all debt for most of the countries - I gather it is about 62 countries - who are heavily indebted."
The Commission on Women and Development is an advisory body created by the Royal Decree of 14 December 1994 as a consultative body on matters of gender equality.
The Commission resorts under the Ministry of Development Cooperation and is composed of French-speaking and Dutch-speaking representatives of federations of development NGOs, women’s councils and inter-university councils (VLIR/CIUF), representatives of the DGDC, and ten experts, co-opted for their competence in the area of gender analysis.
The Commission on Women and Development was created to support and enhance the awareness of equal opportunities for women and men in the formulation and implementation of the Belgian policy on development cooperation. As an advisory body, it can formulate recommendations, both on request and on its own initiative, as well as organise specific awareness-raising events.
Sunday, 12 June 2005
EU Trade Commissioner Peter Mandelson will participate in the African Union Trade Ministers’ meeting on the WTO Doha Round of trade negotiations in Cairo, Egypt on 8th June. Commissioner Mandelson will reinforce the EU’s commitment to the development goals of the Doha Round, which he will argue can be “the round for Africa”. On top of recent initiatives by the EU to shape the development aspects of the round with new commitments to flexible treatment and tariff and quota-free market access for the poorest countries, Commissioner Mandelson will today urge African Trade Ministers to back new rules for trade facilitation that could dramatically increase developing countries’ capacity to trade. He will also call for strong backing for trade facilitation efforts through EU and G8 aid for trade assistance.
Commissioner Mandelson will call for African states to back trade facilitation negotiations in Geneva in which the EU has worked hard to broker agreement on new and better rules for customs procedures. Reforming customs systems boosts developing country revenues, attracts investment and improves the speed with which goods can be brought to market. Commissioner Mandelson will commit the EU to increasing Africa’s capacity to trade through trade development assistance. He will also call for the G8 to commit to increases in trade assistance by backing a substantial aid for trade initiative at their Summit in July. He said: “Trade is the engine of economic growth. In expanding trade we must also ensure that developing countries are able to participate in these opportunities.”

Shaping the “Round for Africa”

The EU has led the way in shaping a package of development priorities for the Doha round:
- The EU will not push for tariff cuts for weak and vulnerable countries as part of the Doha Round. This will allow least developed countries to open sensitive sectors at a pace determined by their development needs. Commissioner Mandelson has called for WTO negotiators to reach early agreement on the exact form such special and differential treatment may take.
- The EU has called for accelerated Doha Round agreements on reducing support for cotton producers in industrialised countries and fair rules for African prodcuers.
- The EU is reviewing its rules of origin to make it easier for developing countries to exploit market access to the EU.
- The Commission has called on the G8 to provide much higher levels of trade development assistance. It has also called on all other developed countries to extend quota and tariff free access to all least-developed countries as the EU does under its Everything But Arms preferential access scheme.
Saturday, 11 June 2005
José Manuel Barroso, President of the European Commission, meets Bono.

Here are some words Mr Barroso mentioned about priority on Africa.
There are 198 million people suffering from hunger in sub-Saharan Africa; more than the population of Germany, France and the United Kingdom combined.
Second AIDS. In sub Saharan Africa, 30 million people are living with AIDS; that amounts to the population of about 10 EU member states. 2.5 million of those living with AIDS are under the age of 15. 25 million have died already. 11 million children are orphans because of AIDS. Nurses and teachers are dying from AIDS faster than they can be trained. In Malawi, 90% of the doctors’ posts and 60% of the nurses posts are unfilled because of AIDS.
So Europe must not forget Africa. And Europe is not forgetting Africa. We are the biggest aid donor in the world, contributing 55% of the aid. We are the world’s biggest provider of trade related aid, worth around €750 million per year. We are giving trade and quota free access to our markets for all products from the Least Developed Countries, apart from arms.
But Europe can and must do more, urgently. That is why the European Commission has proposed to raise European aid spending by at least €20 billion per year by 2010, to improve policy and donor coordination and to focus especially on Africa.
I welcome the endorsement of these proposals by development Ministers. What we need now is for I ask EU leaders at next week’s summit to put their full political weight behind the new targets. I call on them to agree to get Europe on the path to doubling aid in the next ten years. That is a European message of leadership and ambition which I can take to the G8 meeting in Gleneagles in July.
I believe this is a cause which can appeal to all Europeans, whatever their views on the Constitution or the EU budget.
That is the kind of Europe which I, as the President of the Commission, want. An open Europe. A generous Europe, which spreads its drive and determination for change beyond its borders.
I have made Africa a flagship issue for this Commission.
And clear my message today is that - despite Europe’s own heavy and complex agenda - I am determined that Africa will not fall back in the political landscape.
We have the resources. We have the strength of popular feeling. And in 2005 we have a chain of events that have give political leaders a window of opportunity to achieve an historic deal for Africa’s development. What we need now is political will and leadership to turn this into action.
Bono, when I spoke about this recently I borrowed a title of one of your songs. “Sometimes you can’t make it on your own”. You are right. I hope that we can prove that this year together, we can make a real.
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On 6 April 2005 the European Commission made a proposal for a spending programme for research and development from 2007 to 2013. This programme, in line with the Commission’s proposal on the overall budget for this period, envisages a doubling of EU funds for research and development. This reflects the EU’s political priority for growth and jobs. The Commission’s proposal is backed up by an impact assessment study which examines the link between research investment and increased competitiveness. The present background note highlights some of the findings of the impact assessment. It identifies the strong and positive impact that research and development in general, and the European Framework Programme in particular, has on the European economy. It describes the added value of working together at European level and the effect on job creation within the EU.