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EDITO
Wednesday, 18 October 2017
Edited by Olav Stokke, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs and Paul Hoebink, Centre for International Development Issues Nijmegen (CIDIN), Catholic University of Nijmegen

Events of the past twenty years, including the Cold War and the War on Terror, have meant that the environments of international development co-operation have changed extensively, with dramatic consequences for development policies and North-South relations in general. Perspectives on European Development Cooperation takes stock of such changes, describing and analysing the new European development agenda, including the role of the European Union. Essays by prominent authorities in the field examine the development policies of individual donor countries and focus on the principles and objectives governing aid strategies and the performances of these policies. This book will be of interest to students of development studies and those involved in determining development policy.
The institutional architecture of European development cooperation comprises: political leadership provided by the Council; the Commission in Brussels; the network of field offices; the supervision and decision-making arrangements for Member States; and the European Parliament. All of these have undergone changes, especially since the appointment of the Prodi Commission in 1999. Recent developments include the creation of a single implementing office for aid, EuropeAid, and the deconcentration of authority to delegations located in developing countries. However, there have been a number of concerns expressed, in particular regarding: the abolition of a separate Development Council and the integration of development cooperation into the General
Affairs and External Relations Council (GAERC), attended by Foreign Ministers; the division of responsibilities (and the balance of interests) among commissioners for foreign policy, trade and development; and the weakness of the European Parliament’s political supervision.
2004/05 is of key importance, seeing as it does the appointment of a new Commission and the resolution of the Financial Perspectives for 2007–13. ‘Budgetisation’ of the European Development Fund looks likely, incorporating what has hitherto been a separate development fund into the main EU budget; this would give the European Parliament a greater voice but could reduce the share of aid going to the poorest countries if funds are not ring-fenced. The eventual approval of a new constitution and the appointment of a European foreign minister will also have an impact on the institutional architecture.
The competition for the 2005 Lorenzo Natali Prize was launched by the European Commission today. Prizes for a total of 50.000 EUR are awarded by DG Development for articles of journalistic excellence in five world areas published in print or online media between 1 January 2004 and 31 August 2005. To qualify, the articles must focus on issues of human rights and/or democracy in the developing world. The prize is given since 1992 and was named after Mr Lorenzo Natali, Vice-President of the European Commission, in charge of Development from 1985 – 1989. The deadline for entries this year is set at 31 October 2005.
On 22 July the European Commissioner for Development and Humanitarian Aid, Louis Michel, took part in the third Summit of Heads of State and Government of the Indian Ocean Commission in Antananarivo, Madagascar. At the meeting he underscored the added value of regional integration and cooperation initiatives as an effective means of development, combating poverty and achieving fairer integration in the world economy.
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A European Union offer of 40 million Euros (about $48 million) to help African Caribbean and Pacific countries deal with deep cuts to sugar prices next year, was the main subject of a meeting of ACP ambassadors.
The chair of the meeting, Grenada''s George Bullen told BBC Caribbean Radio they''re far from satisfied with it. "40 million for 18 countries. You dont have to be a rocket scientist to see that''s not a lot of money".

EU should offer more
What are they hoping to get? "Britain has said they feel it should be 100 million (Euros) next year", Ambassador Bullen claims, "and up to 500 million for the next 5 to 7 years. This is the type of ballpark figure we''re looking for".

The cuts will hit hard at the Caribbean sugar industry, with estimated financial losses of up to 95 million dollars a year. The St Kitts government has already decided there''s no future in sugar, and is closing its factories.

A hard sell
The EU''s Agriculture Council had met in Brussels Monday the day before the ACP ambassadors did. It was the first chance European countries have had to discuss the coming cuts, and that was the meeting from which the multimillion aid package emerged.
Mr. Bullen said Tuesday he understands as many as 10 countries did not like rescue package offer. "There were one or two who wanted the cuts to go even further, but we believe these were a minority. We believe there will be some sort of compromise", he told the BBC.

Source BBC News