Video guest: Josephine Mwangi

August 2017
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EDITO
Monday, 21 August 2017
In order to boost the EU's development aid spending, some member states agreed with a French proposal for a voluntary tax on airline tickets. However, other member states such as Austria opposed the idea as a distortion of global competition.

The Commission was asked to present a workable proposal before the next EcoFin meeting on 7 June. The EU committed itself to raise its development aid to 0.7% of GNI by 2015, but current aid stands only at half that amount.
The informal finance ministers' meeting made hardly any progress on the difficult discussion concerning the EU's long-term financial perspective. The UK took a hard line on its rebate, linking a possible abolishment of the annual "cheque from Brussels" to further cuts in agriculture and regional spending.
The EU’s Publications Office (OPOCE) recently unveiled its nifty new on-line repository of publications. With a range of search and order options, the new EU Bookshop offers a faster, more streamlined service to an ever-widening readership.
Tuesday, 17 May 2005
The CEC ANIMAL SCIENCE EU funded project cataloguing animal science research capacities and activities in the Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs) has published an initial report on its findings, and calls for feedback from the scientific community.
The report aims at presenting the main players of animal science research in the New Member States and the Candidate Countries. The countries addressed by the survey are: Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Turkey.

Cattle Network website
Another interesting initiative is the Cattle Network, part of the European Association for Animal Production (www.eaap.org) which is the scientific association in the field of animal production and zootechnics in Europe since 1949.
It offers a complete range of both market and consumer- oriented information as well as modern communication tools, aiming to be an online meeting point for researchers, professionals, producers and consumers in the cattle sector. All areas of the food supply chain - breeding, production, processing, marketing, services, research, consumption - will come together on this integrated virtual network in order to promote, through interaction and collaboration, every aspect of the cattle sector in Europe and beyond.
This is certainly of interest for the African countries which have cattle as an important sector. They will find very useful data on the European market.

For further information on livestock, ILRI, the International livestock Research Institute (http://www.ilri.org)is one of 15 Future Harvest Centres, which conduct food and environmental research to help alleviate poverty and increase food security while protecting the natural resource base. The Centres are funded by government agencies, development banks, private foundations and regional and international organisations and are supported by the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR).
The Cotonou Partnership Agreement emphasises the need to strengthen the Joint Parliamentary Assembly (JPA) as the democratic foundation of ACP-EU partnership. Yet it says little about the role played by ACP national parliaments as an expression of 'elective democracy' in the overall cooperation process. This contrasts sharply with the importance attached to non-state actors, who are said to embody the concept of 'participatory democracy'.

There is no shortage of 'push factors' for associating national parliaments more closely with ACP-EU cooperation. Several ACP countries have a long-standing parliamentary tradition whilst parliaments in many other countries are struggling to become credible institutions. The growing interest in participatory approaches to the formulation of development strategies (e.g. the PRSP) and in the promotion of governance through cooperation programmes is creating new opportunities for parliaments. Changing aid modalities - particularly the shift towards budget support - provide an additional incentive for donors to make sure that parliaments can exercise effective supervision of budget implementation.
ACP-EU cooperation therefore faces four major challenges:

- to mainstream the participation of national parliaments in the formulation, implementation and evaluation of cooperation strategies and policies;
- to extend and refine capacity support provided under National Indicative Programmes;
- to recognise the important contributions that regional parliaments and the recently established Pan-African Parliament of the African Union are capable of making;
- to strengthen linkages between the Joint Parliamentary Assembly and parliaments at other levels.
Half of individuals and nine out of ten enterprises used the internet in 2004
Three-quarters of young people aged 16 to 24 used the internet.
In the EU25, 47% of individual1s aged from 16 to 74 used the internet during the first quarter of 2004. More men used the internet than women, and more young people than old. At the beginning of 2004, 89% of enterprises were using the internet, and over half of enterprises had a broadband connection.
In the first quarter of 2004, the highest levels of internet usage by individuals in the EU25 were recorded in Sweden (82%), Denmark (76%) and Finland (70%). The lowest levels were registered in Greece (20%), Hungary (28%), Lithuania, Poland and Portugal (all 29%). On average in the EU25, the proportion of men using the internet (51%) was higher than for women (43%). This pattern applied in most Member States, except for Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Finland, where usage was nearly the same for men and women. In all Member States for which data is available, and for both men and women, internet usage was highest amongst those aged 16 to 24, and decreased with age. Across the EU25, three quarters of those aged 16 to 24 used the internet in the first quarter of 2004 (men: 76%, women: 74%). Amongst those aged 25 to 54 it was just over half (men: 57%, women: 51%), and for those aged 55 to 74 it was a quarter or less (men: 26%, women: 16%). Broadband offers a much faster connection to the internet, and offers the potential of changing the way the internet is used. Among the Member States for which data is available, the proportion of households with a broadband connection in 2004 was highest in Denmark (36%), Finland (21%) and Estonia (20%). Across the EU25, 53% of enterprises had a broadband connection. The highest levels were recorded in Denmark (80%), Sweden (75%) and Spain (72%).

Internet in the South
The use of ICT's by ACP countries remains a key challenge for their development. Some portals give updated information on ICT's for development.