Video guest: Josephine Mwangi

August 2017
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Monday, 21 August 2017
Eurostep helds a discussion on the impact of the European Constitution for EU’s future contribution to the Millennium Development Goals. Questions raised are inter alia:
- Can the setting up of the European External Action Service respect the strong
and independent status allocated to development co-operation and humanitarian aid humanitarian aid in the new Constitution?
- How will the new EC development policy statement strengthen the EU’s role in
the fight against poverty and the attainment of the MDGs in all developing countries?
- How can Europe’s contribution to the attainment of the Millennium Development
Goals be enhanced in the next Financial Perspectives 2007-2013?
Eurostep together with Concern, EEPA and SNV has therefore developed a webbased guide on the Constitution in order to inform both the ratification debates
at the national level and the discussions on its implementation already taking
place at the European level.

The Robert Schuman Foundation has an interesting website on the European Constitution updated with news from EU Member States.
Thursday, 19 May 2005
Survey conducted on a request by the
European Commission on the perception of globalisation.
Six major characteristics are highlighted:
1. The majority of respondents is very much in favour of globalisation.
2. This proportion differs markedly between countries, roughly speaking according
to a North/South axis, but hardly according to gender, age, level of education or
3. The most pronounced reluctance concerns the impact on employment,
inequalities between North and South at the world level and the environment.
4. Conflicts of interest are significant and shape how the benefits of globalisation are shared.
5. Mistrust of many key players is blatant.
6. The need for more stringent regulations is pressing.
See attached report.
Find enclosed the list of financial intermediaries of the European Investment Bank in the African, Caribbean and Pacific countries.
These following banks and financing institutions are our intermediaries for credits financed in the framework of EIB's global loans.
The European Commission's Information Society and Media Directorate General, more particularly the units dealing with Software Technologies and International Relations have organised a workshop on open source software and international cooperation. The rationale for the workshop was that the phenomenon of open source software has received worldwide attention.
See contributions from main European activities in the domain of OSS and international cooperation and views from European industry.
The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit(GTZ), the German Development Agency, in conjunction with the Parliamentary Centre have produced a new report -PRSPS in Africa: Parliaments and Economic Policy Performance- (2005). The report reviews four countries Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (Ghana, Niger, Tanzania and Malawi) and assessing the emerging strengths and weaknesses in the implementation of national PRSPs, with a special focus on the possible roles that parliament can play to improve PRSP performance.
The findings suggest that there are common emerging challenges:
- PRSP pro-poor spending is generally not performing as projected because of budgetary implementation weaknesses. The goal of moving toward operational Mid Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF) budgets has also not yet been achieved.
- there is also a failure in budget management to integrate HIPC resources into pro-poor spending frameworks consistent with PRSP plans
- a concern that it has taken much time to develop effective monitoring systems for PRSP activity.
- gender equality considerations seem to be massively under-emphasized in these PRSP processes so far.

Further points include:
- Connecting to the poor and relating to civil society: there was some indication that direct parliamentary outreach to and interaction with the poor could have been more vibrant. However, it also found that parliamentary relations with community-based civil society groups were solidly positive in most of the countries, even though such groups themselves were not always that strong.
- PRSP policy measures and parliaments: it was found, that so far PRSP oversight committees had not focused much on macroeconomics, but there was evidence to suggest that policy concerns can become important elements in parliamentary committee work. Tanzania demonstrated this through the successful expansion of basic primary education in which MP's played a significant role by making education a priority and by mobilising efforts in their constituencies.
- Gender equality and PRSPs:the assessment revealed the poor performance in practice of the national PRSPs with respect to gender equality concerns. However, in Ghana, Malawi and Tanzania women-led committees were most successful in strongly focusing on achieving PRSP gains for women
- monitoring and evaluation of PRSPs:The review identified this as an emerging element of strength for parliaments as evidenced by an improvement in the results of PRSP's through community-based hearings, establishing an independent observatoire as well as working closely with ministries and developing a detailed PRSP monitoring framework for the country.
Overall, the findings suggest that what is needed in the present context is leadership by women MPs on key committees that can insert themselves effectively in the PRSP oversight framework; as well as building closer linkages between Parliaments and the poor.
See full report attached.