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EDITO
Saturday, 22 July 2017
European migration policies are characterised by a fundamental paradox: they are getting tighter and tighter just while public opinion is becoming more favourable to migrants and the immobility of European citizens expands the scope for spatial arbitrage, accruing the benefits, of immigration. This paper, written byTito Boeri andHerbert Brücker and published by theInstitute for the Study of Labor (IZA), considers two possible explanations for this puzzle.
Extracts of Commissioner Peter Mandelson, EU Trade Commissioner,to the EPC-KBF Conference on Trade and Development held today in Brussels.

Take Africa. Its plight is indeed a scar on the conscience of the world. Because of abject poverty, civil war, poor governance. Africa is a continent in dire need of capital, of investment, yet capital flight from Africa is massive. But Africa’s problems also stem from opportunities lost. Africa is not taking its share of the benefits of globalisation. The continent remains at the margins of the international trading system.

Second, the relationship between trade and poverty is not a simple one. There is, incontestably, a positive association between open markets and growth in developed countries. In recent years, no country has successfully developed by turning its back on international trade, or long term capital flows.
The link of trade to poverty is more complex. Trade liberalisation is not a silver bullet for development. It may be a necessary condition for sustainable development. But such development also requires an appropriate proper institutional framework and above all supply side capacity to facilitate trade.
The conclusion from this, is simple. In the WTO, the notion of a “development round” – our main objective, our mandate – cannot be met within one narrow policy area – ie trade policy – alone. It requires a virtuous interaction of the development triad of aid, trade and debt.
What, then, do we need to do to deliver on the development promise of the multilateral trade talks under the Doha agenda?
We must complete the Doha Development Round on a basis from which we all gain clear benefits, but has as its driving purpose the promotion of sustainable development for developing countries. This requires action from all WTO members. Including, but not exclusively, the richer countries.
Last summer, Europe, along with the rest of the developed world, made a huge in principle down payment to ensure the success of the Doha Round. We signed up to a text in Geneva that committed us to far reaching agricultural reforms, including the phasing out of export subsidies and all their equivalents. We stand ready to flesh out our plans on agriculture and to negotiate for real improvements in market access to our markets for agricultural exporters, but this can only be done on the basis of fair reciprocity.
In particular, to make the Round a success we now need from the more advanced developing countries a new willingness to make a commitment in principle to cut their industrial tariffs from the rates they currently apply, not theoretical upper limits – and genuinely to open up their markets in services in business sectors that are critical to their future successful development. One single statistics captures it all: 70% of the tariffs currently paid by developing countries are to other developing countries.
Fair reciprocity does not require equal and precisely balanced reciprocity from all developing countries alike. We are not asking for concessions to be made by the poorest developing countries or those vulnerable economies that have special problems, as a result for example of preference erosion in commodities on which they are critically dependent. I accept the argument for special and differential treatment.
But let’s be clear here: pro development outcomes require an ambitious result of the DDA. Poor countries’ benefits will be commensurate with the depth of liberalisation that will be agreed. And they will only benefit if they sign up to international trade rules, not if they shy away from them.
DG Development presents you today the first issue of the electronic newsletter, titled eCourier. The eCourier focuses on development policy and on relations with ACP countries and the ACP secretariat. You will be receiving the eCourier every month as from June 2005 on.
The eCourier acts as an interim substitute for the historical bi-monthly review "ACP-EU Courier" which has been suspended for some time due to necessary evaluation and re-styling and it is going to be re-edited in the coming months.
The "ACP-EU Courier" accompanied the growth and the relationship between the EC and the ACP since the Cotonou agreement onwards, and it has been an important instrument for freely comparing opinions and openly contributing to build a frank and useful debate on development issues. We at DG Development don't want this important debate to be stopped and therefore we are launching the eCourier to testify our determined will to maintain and even bolster an open discussion.
The eCourier is distributed free of charge but will be at the same time available on DG Development's website on the Europa server.
Thursday, 16 June 2005
What is the Global Call to Action Against Poverty?

The white band is the symbol of the “Global Call to Action against Poverty” (GCAP) the largest ever worldwide mobilization of citizens, organisations, networks and national campaigns committed to eradicating extreme poverty (see http://www.whiteband.org/ for details). All European countries have national campaigns with GCAP activities in 2005.

What does the Campaign want?

The Global Call to Action Against Poverty in 2005 is focused on three key issues: trade justice, debt cancellation and a major increase in the quantity and quality of aid. The campaign is built around a mass mobilisation of people. Events are happening across the globe and throughout the year and there are three headline ‘white band days’ linked to the key events in 2005: 1st July: G8 summit in Gleneagles, Scotland, 10th September: UN five year review of the Millennium Development Goals in New York, USA, 10th December: WTO Ministerial Conference in Hong Kong, China. The period around each white band day will be marked by mass worldwide mobilizations of citizens to demonstrate their support for the Global Call to Action Against Poverty.

Why is the European Commission putting up a white band now?

Central to the success of the GCAP campaign are the Commission’s proposals for increased development aid which EU leaders should agree at the European Council this week. But with the debate on the constitution and EU budget the main issues on the agenda, the white band on the Berlaymont is designed to send a powerful reminder to EU leaders to give the ambitious aid proposals their full support. Because of a sequence of international events, 2005 is a unique year of opportunity for development. White band launches on well known buildings across the EU are also designed to raise awareness in national capitals and amongst people across the world that there is a real opportunity for change.

How big is the aid increase the Commission is asking for?

The European Union’s Overseas Development Aid for 2005 will be €46 billion - making the European Union the biggest donor of overseas aid in the world. In April this year, the Commission brought forward new proposals on Finance for Development as part of the preparations for the New York UN Summit in September which will review progress towards the Millennium Development Goals. The proposals set new and ambitious aid targets for EU Member States - a new intermediate target for development aid of 0.56 per cent of gross national income by 2010 - which would put Europe on course to reach, by 2015, the UN’s 0.7 per cent target. In practical terms the new proposals would increase EU development aid to €66 billion in 2010, rising to more than 90 billion Europe in 2015. The plans will also improve the coherence and quality of EU development policies, and make Africa a priority for all EU aid actions.

Why does the European Summit in Brussels matter for development?

The proposed aid increase is due to be given final approval when EU leaders meet in Brussels for the European Summit this week (16 / 17 June).. An agreement on aid at the Summit would represent a very significant achievement in itself. It is would also be a very important milestone on the road to the G8 summit in July. It will send President Barroso - who will attend the G8 to speak on behalf of the European Commission - to the table with a very powerful message about the level of ambition the EU expects from its global partners for renewed action to reach the Millennium Development Goals.
The European Commission has approved 26 programmes in 14 Member States to provide information on and to promote agricultural products in the European Union. The total budget of the programmes is € 56.9 million, of which the EU will contribute € 26.1 million. For the first time programmes proposed by the new Member States have also been approved (by Hungary, Poland and Cyprus).

Under a Council Regulation on information and promotion actions for agricultural products on the EU internal market, 14 Member States submitted 32 programme proposals. The Commission selected 26 programmes proposed by those Member States (Belgium, Germany, Greece, Spain, France, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Finland, the United Kingdom, Hungary, Poland and Cyprus) as eligible to receive financing. The programmes cover organic products, olive oil, milk and cheese, ham, fruit and vegetables, plants and flowers, wine and protected denominations of origin or geographical indications (PDI/PGI).

The total budget of the programmes running between one and three years is € 56.9 million. The EU contribution to the programmes is € 26.1 million or almost 50 % of the total.
The approved programmes are the first series for the year 2005. The annual EU budget available for promotion programmes in the agriculture sector is € 48.5 million.