Video guest: Josephine Mwangi

May 2017
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EDITO
Saturday, 27 May 2017
The CEC ANIMAL SCIENCE EU funded project cataloguing animal science research capacities and activities in the Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs) has published an initial report on its findings, and calls for feedback from the scientific community.
The report aims at presenting the main players of animal science research in the New Member States and the Candidate Countries. The countries addressed by the survey are: Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Turkey.

Cattle Network website
Another interesting initiative is the Cattle Network, part of the European Association for Animal Production (www.eaap.org) which is the scientific association in the field of animal production and zootechnics in Europe since 1949.
It offers a complete range of both market and consumer- oriented information as well as modern communication tools, aiming to be an online meeting point for researchers, professionals, producers and consumers in the cattle sector. All areas of the food supply chain - breeding, production, processing, marketing, services, research, consumption - will come together on this integrated virtual network in order to promote, through interaction and collaboration, every aspect of the cattle sector in Europe and beyond.
This is certainly of interest for the African countries which have cattle as an important sector. They will find very useful data on the European market.

For further information on livestock, ILRI, the International livestock Research Institute (http://www.ilri.org)is one of 15 Future Harvest Centres, which conduct food and environmental research to help alleviate poverty and increase food security while protecting the natural resource base. The Centres are funded by government agencies, development banks, private foundations and regional and international organisations and are supported by the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR).
The Cotonou Partnership Agreement emphasises the need to strengthen the Joint Parliamentary Assembly (JPA) as the democratic foundation of ACP-EU partnership. Yet it says little about the role played by ACP national parliaments as an expression of 'elective democracy' in the overall cooperation process. This contrasts sharply with the importance attached to non-state actors, who are said to embody the concept of 'participatory democracy'.

There is no shortage of 'push factors' for associating national parliaments more closely with ACP-EU cooperation. Several ACP countries have a long-standing parliamentary tradition whilst parliaments in many other countries are struggling to become credible institutions. The growing interest in participatory approaches to the formulation of development strategies (e.g. the PRSP) and in the promotion of governance through cooperation programmes is creating new opportunities for parliaments. Changing aid modalities - particularly the shift towards budget support - provide an additional incentive for donors to make sure that parliaments can exercise effective supervision of budget implementation.
ACP-EU cooperation therefore faces four major challenges:

- to mainstream the participation of national parliaments in the formulation, implementation and evaluation of cooperation strategies and policies;
- to extend and refine capacity support provided under National Indicative Programmes;
- to recognise the important contributions that regional parliaments and the recently established Pan-African Parliament of the African Union are capable of making;
- to strengthen linkages between the Joint Parliamentary Assembly and parliaments at other levels.
Half of individuals and nine out of ten enterprises used the internet in 2004
Three-quarters of young people aged 16 to 24 used the internet.
In the EU25, 47% of individual1s aged from 16 to 74 used the internet during the first quarter of 2004. More men used the internet than women, and more young people than old. At the beginning of 2004, 89% of enterprises were using the internet, and over half of enterprises had a broadband connection.
In the first quarter of 2004, the highest levels of internet usage by individuals in the EU25 were recorded in Sweden (82%), Denmark (76%) and Finland (70%). The lowest levels were registered in Greece (20%), Hungary (28%), Lithuania, Poland and Portugal (all 29%). On average in the EU25, the proportion of men using the internet (51%) was higher than for women (43%). This pattern applied in most Member States, except for Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Finland, where usage was nearly the same for men and women. In all Member States for which data is available, and for both men and women, internet usage was highest amongst those aged 16 to 24, and decreased with age. Across the EU25, three quarters of those aged 16 to 24 used the internet in the first quarter of 2004 (men: 76%, women: 74%). Amongst those aged 25 to 54 it was just over half (men: 57%, women: 51%), and for those aged 55 to 74 it was a quarter or less (men: 26%, women: 16%). Broadband offers a much faster connection to the internet, and offers the potential of changing the way the internet is used. Among the Member States for which data is available, the proportion of households with a broadband connection in 2004 was highest in Denmark (36%), Finland (21%) and Estonia (20%). Across the EU25, 53% of enterprises had a broadband connection. The highest levels were recorded in Denmark (80%), Sweden (75%) and Spain (72%).

Internet in the South
The use of ICT's by ACP countries remains a key challenge for their development. Some portals give updated information on ICT's for development.
Friday, 13 May 2005
A total of € 277.25 million of EU farm money misspent by Member States is to be claimed back, following a decision adopted today by the European Commission. The money will be recovered because of inadequate control procedures or non-compliance with EU rules on agricultural expenditure. Member States are responsible for paying out and checking virtually all expenditure under the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), and the Commission is required to ensure that Member States have made correct use of the funds.
Improving the EC internal coordination

Considerable progress has been made during 2002 and 2003 in strengthening policy and operational collaboration between DG DEV, RELEX, AIDCO and ECHO. As a result, the programming and targeting of the Commission’s food security and food aid assistance, as well as coherence with other instruments (budget lines NGO Co-financing, Rehabilitation etc), have gained in coherence and efficiency.
Devolution (de-concentration) of programme management responsibility to Delegations, should result in a better identification of country needs, the improvement of coordination and efficacy of Community food security programmes. As a means to improve coordination, share experience and provide support to Delegations, AIDCO has established in 2003 a thematic network on food security and rural development under the responsibility of the Food Security Unit.

Guiding principles.
Appraisal and implementation of the 2005-2006 EC support for food security shall be guided by the following principles:
- Food security interventions will be designed and implemented to be consistent with the EC development policy and in line with the Commission’s country and regional support strategies;
- Close co-ordination with the other EC financial instruments, with ECHO, as well as EU Member States and other major donors will ensure external coherence and complementarity;
- Food security programmes will support changes in the wider policy and institutional environment necessary for achieving sustained economic growth and reducing poverty;
- To the extent possible, food security and food aid support will build on nationally owned policies and strategies for poverty reduction, as well as in the field of social cohesion.
- Particular attention will be given to reinforcing national capacity; local partnership will be strongly supported.
- All interventions will be appraised in terms of their direct and indirect impact on incomes for the poor and most vulnerable population.
- Particular attention will be given to disaster preparedness and crisis prevention.
- In protracted and post crisis situations, particular attention will be given to linking relief, rehabilitation and development.
- Food aid interventions will be consistent with the Code of Conduct for Food Aid agreed within the EU.
- The arguments for or against the use of food aid will be made on the grounds of its efficiency as an instrument to reduce poverty and food insecurity in a specific environment. Where and whenever possible, priority will be given to local and regional purchases.
- To the extent possible, sustainability of food security programmes will be increased.

Financial Instruments
According to the mode of delivery financial aid can be provided either as budgetary support, implemented according to national procedures, or as projects implemented according to Commission’s procedures, at national (in the framework of an agreement with the government) and global levels (collaboration with international organisations).